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Academic Divisions and Courses

All Fletcher courses are offered through one of three divisional classifications. The divisions tend to correspond to traditional academic disciplines or departments. Coursework from across the three divisions ensure a breadth of knowledge.

Degree Requirements

Master of Arts in Law and Diplomacy (MALD)

All MALD students must complete 48 course credits in order to receive their degree. The following criteria must also be met within those 48 credits:

  • Two Fields of Study (between 3 and 4.5 courses each)
  • Satisfy all Breadth Requirements:
    • One ILO Course from a designated list (see designated list below)
    • Two DHP Courses (first course from a designated list below)
      For the second credit in the DHP division, MALD and MIB students may choose any course(s) with a DHP designation with the exception of DHP P203: Analytic Frameworks for Public Policy Decisions which cannot be offered to meet the DHP division requirement.
    • Take E201: Intro to Economic Theory OR Take E211: Microeconomics OR pass the E201 Equivalency Exam** and take a higher level EIB course from the following list: E211, E212m, E213, E214, E220, E221, E230, E240, E241, E242, E245, E246, E247, E248, and E262
    • Pass either the E210m or B205 Quantitative Reasoning Equivalency Exam** OR take one of the following courses: DHP P203, EIB B205, B206, E210m, E213, and B262
  • Fulfill the language requirement and exams
  • Complete a capstone project
  • Participate in the Professional Development Program (PDP) nine-week course

*Courses used to satisfy the Field of Study requirements can be used to satisfy the Breadth Requirements. Additionally, courses in each Field of Study cannot overlap.

MALD Divisional Breadth Requirements

Division of Diplomacy, History, and Politics (DHP)
Each MALD student is required to take two full credit courses from the DHP Division. One of those courses must be one of the following list. For the second course, students may choose any full credit course(s) with a DHP designation with the exception of DHP P203: Analytic Frameworks for Public Policy Decisions which cannot be offered to meet the DHP division requirement:

  • DHP H203: U.S. Foreign Policy, 1898 to Present
  • DHP D210: The Art and Science of Statecraft
  • DHP D220: Processes of International Negotiation
  • DHP H205: The Historian's Art
  • DHP P200: International Relations: Theory and Practice
  • DHP P201: Comparative Politics
  • DHP P217: Global Political Economy: Macroeconomic Perspectives
  • DHP P218: Global Political Economy: Comparative and Critical Perspectives
  • DHP P219: International Political Economy of Development
  • DHP P240: The Role of Force in International Politics

+ DHP P203: Analytic Frameworks for International Public Policy Decisions may not be used to satisfy the second required DHP course credit.

Division of International Law and Organizations (ILO)
Each MALD student is required to take one of the following full-credit courses:

  • ILO L200: The International Legal Order
  • ILO L209: International Treaty Behavior: A Perspective on Globalization
  • ILO L210: International Human Rights Law
  • ILO L216: Int’l Humanitarian Law
  • ILO L220: International Organizations
  • ILO L222: Selected Issues in Law of the Sea
  • ILO L223: International Environmental Law
  • ILO L232: International Investment Law
  • ILO L240: Legal and Institutional Aspects of International Trade
  • ILO L250: Law and Development

Division of Economics and International Business (EIB)
To satisfy the Economics Breadth Requirement, each MALD student is required to successfully complete one of the following options: (1) take and pass the course, EIB E201: Introduction to Economic Theory; (2) take and pass the course, EIB E211: Microeconomics; or (3) pass the EIB E201 Equivalency Exam and then take one of the below listed higher-level economics courses.

Students who pass the E201 Equivalency Exam may still choose to enroll in EIB E201 if they feel that their economics background is weak or needs refreshing, or they may take the more challenging course, E211: Microeconomics rather than enroll in one of the below listed higher-level economics courses. Please carefully review the course descriptions for information on other prerequisites for the upper level economics courses.

  • EIB E211: Microeconomics
  • EIB E212m: Macroeconomics
  • EIB E213: Econometrics*
  • EIB E214: International Economic Policy Analysis
  • EIB E220: International Trade and Investment
  • EIB E221: Advanced International Trade and Investment
  • EIB E230: International Finance
  • EIB E240: Development Economics: Macroeconomic Perspectives
  • EIB E241: Development Economics: Policy Analysis
  • EIB E242: Development Economics: Micro Perspectives
  • EIB E245: Econometric Impact Evaluation for Public Policy and Social Programs
  • EIB E246: Environmental Economics
  • EIB E247: Econometric Impact Evaluation for Development
  • EIB E248: Agriculture and the Environment
  • EIB E262: The Economics of Global Health and Development

Important to Note:
* EIB E213: Econometrics may be used to meet either the Economics or the Quantitative Reasoning requirement, but not both.

Quantitative Reasoning
Each MALD student is required to pass one of the Quantitative Equivalency Exams (E210m and B205) or take one of the following courses:

  • DHP P203: Analytic Frameworks for International Public Policy Decisions
  • EIB B205: Data Analysis and Statistical Methods
  • EIB B206: Data Analysis and Statistical Methods for Business
  • EIB B262: Marketing Research and Analysis
  • EIB E210m: Quantitative Methods
  • EIB E213: Econometrics*

**In cases when an equivalence exam is offered by Fletcher (i.e. E201, B205, B206, E210m, E212m, and E217m) students may only gain equivalence by passing the equivalence exam. When an equivalence exam is not offered, students who have previously completed graduate level work equivalent to Fletcher School courses may apply for a certification of equivalency for those courses. Such equivalence requires the written approval of the professor teaching the Fletcher course for which equivalency is desired. Equivalency does not constitute transfer credit; it does not entitle the student to count that course for credit; nor does it affect normal distribution requirements. The option to obtain equivalency for a required course exists only for the purpose of eliminating the necessity of repeating course work previously taken. It is not intended that students may obtain equivalency for required courses through cross-registration in similar courses at Harvard or elsewhere during the academic year.

Master of International Business (MIB)

All MIB students must complete 54 course credits in order to receive their degree. The following criteria must also be met within those 54 credits:

  • Two Fields of Study (between 3 and 4.5 courses each), one from the International Business Fields of Study
  • The MIB Business Requirement - Each MIB candidate is required to complete the following courses:
    • B238m: Pre-Session: Strategic Management and International Consultancy
    • B200: Foundations in Financial Accounting and Corporate Finance
    • Option A: Enroll in B206: Data Analysis and Statistical Methods or, Option B: pass the B206 equivalency exam and enroll in E213: Econometrics
    • B207: Financial Statement Management
    • B263m: Marketing
  • A Module (1.5 credit) Regional Studies elective. The Regional Studies courses are listed below:
    • DHP P266m: Islamic World (English)
    • DHP P287m01: Political Economy and Business of the European Union (English)
    • DHP P287m02: L'Economie Politique et le Contexte Mercantile d'Union Europeénne (French)
    • DHP P294m01: Political Economy and Business Context of Latin America (English)
    • DHP H252: Russia and the World from Peter the Great to Putin
    • EIB B272m: The Political Economy and Business Environments of Greater China (English)
  • The Economics Requirement: Each MIB candidate is required to complete a minimum of 3.0 - 6.0 economics credits at Fletcher: one microeconomics course from a choice of two (either E211 or E217m) and one macroeconomics course (E212m). Students who pass the equivalence exam for E212m and/or E217m must still take a higher level economics course(s) beyond E201.
  • One ILO Course (either L230 or L233)
  • One full course from the DHP division (or two module courses)
  • The Business, Government, and Society Requirement: Each MIB student is required to complete one course from the list below:
    • DHP P217: Global Political Economy: Macroeconomic Perspectives
    • DHP P219: International Political Economy of Development
    • DHP P236: Cyber in the Civilian Sector: Threats and Upheavals
    • DHP P238: Technology, Development, and Regulation
    • DHP P257: Corporate Management of Environmental Issues
    • DHP P251: Energy, Entrepreneurship and Finance
    • EIB E220: International Trade and Investment
    • EIB B223: Informal and Underground Finance
    • EIB B232: Work and Employment Relations in the 21st Century
    • ILO L232: International Investment Law
    • ILO L240: Legal and Institutional Aspects of International Trade
  • Fulfill the language requirement and exams
  • Complete a capstone project
  • Participate in the Professional Development Program (PDP) nine-week course
Master of Laws in International Law (LL.M.)

All LL.M. students must complete 24 course credits in order to receive their degree. The following criteria must also be met within those 24 credits:

  • No fewer than 5 courses (15.0 credits) and no more than 6 (18.0 credits) courses taken within the ILO division
  • One course (3.0 credits) from the Fletcher DHP division
  • One course (3.0 credits) from the Fletcher EIB division
  • Complete a capstone project
  • Fulfill the language requirement and exams
  • Participate in the "high table" colloquiums
Master of Arts (M.A.)

All M.A. students must complete 24 course credits in order to receive their degree. The following criteria must also be met within those 24 credits:

  • 3.0 credits from each of the Fletcher three divisions (ILO, EIB, DHP)
  • Complete a capstone project
  • Fulfill the language requirement and exams
Global Master of Arts Program (GMAP)

All GMAP students must complete the 11 course core curriculum (24 course credits) in order to receive their degree. The following criteria must also be met within those courses:

Master of Arts in Transatlantic Affairs (MATA)

Coursework requirements for MATA Students completing year one at Fletcher

  • 25.5 course credits, including a minimum of 3.0 credits from each of Fletcher's three divisions (ILO, DHP, and EIB)
  • Integrate into one of College of Europe's study programs in the final (fourth) semester:
    • European Economic Studies
    • European Interdisciplinary Studies (Natolin campus only)
    • EU International Relations and Diplomacy Studies
    • European Legal Studies
    • European Political and Administrative Studies

Coursework requirements for MATA Students completing year one at College of Europe

  • Coursework in one of College of Europe's study programs:
    • European Economic Studies
    • European Interdisciplinary Studies (Natolin campus only)
    • EU International Relations and Diplomacy Studies
    • European Legal Studies
    • European Political and Administrative Studies
  • 12.0 or 13.5 credits from Fletcher course offerings in the final (fourth) semester (course division does not matter)

Degree Requirements for all MATA Students in Addition to Coursework:

  • Year One - Completion of joint transatlantic course and related project
  • Third semester - 3-4 month high-level internship related to transatlantic affairs with associated report
  • Completion of thesis related to transatlantic affairs
  • Completion of nine-week Professional Development Program (PDP) at Fletcher
  • Fulfillment of Language requirement at Fletcher
Master of Global Business Administration (GBA)