Latest Publications

Dec 1, 2022
Governance for global integration: Designing structure and authority in international advocacy NGOs
By: Ebrahim A; Brown LD; Batliwala S
We examine the design of governance in international nongovernmental organizations (INGOs) engaged in global advocacy. A central governance challenge facing INGOs is how to integrate their global advocacy efforts across diverse country units and memberships, in the face of limited authority and weak ownership over those units. Through a qualitative multi-case study of ten organizations, we analyze governance reforms intended to enhance global integration. We identify and discuss: a) four distinct governance structures for enabling more coherent global decision making (federation, confederation, network, constituency backbone); b) various mechanisms of formal and informal authority employed by headquarters in order to integrate the diverse interests and actions of their units; and, c) decision rights allocated to units or members to secure commitment to global goals. We synthesize these findings to offer a contingency perspective on designing governance for global integration. We hope this research will not only help to advance scholarship on governance in complex global organizations, but will also be useful to the leadership and boards of international organizations in strengthening the collective voice of their diverse constituencies.
Copy Citation Ebrahim, A., Brown, L. D., & Batliwala, S. (2022). Governance for global integration: Designing structure and authority in international advocacy NGOs. World Development, 160. doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2022.106063 Copied to clipboard.
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Oct 13, 2022
Demanding development: The political economy of climate finance and overseas investments from China
By: Bhandary R; Gallagher K; Jaffe A; Myslikova Z; Zhang F; Petrova M; Barrionuevoe A; Fontaine G; Fuentes JL; Karani P Elsevier
This paper examines the drivers of Chinese overseas financing in renewable energy and the political economy factors in recipient countries that steer this finance towards climate-friendly projects. We examine utility-scale renewable energy projects in Argentina, Bulgaria, Chile, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Pakistan, and Romania. Through in-depth interviews with policymakers and relevant stakeholders, we gathered data on the factors that led to Chinese policy bank investment in renewables. We find that where host country governments have offered strong policy incentives for renewables, the Chinese banks and developers readily provided bundled financing, technology, and construction services even in markets considered to be risky. Additional risk mitigation instruments were utilized by the Chinese policy banks in some cases. In five of the nine countries studied, political agreements preceded the investments. Developing countries are found to value the bundled nature of finance, technology, and construction services offered by China as well as the timeliness of construction. As governments move towards policies utilizing competitive price discovery mechanisms, such as reverse auctions where developers compete to submit the lowest bid, the Chinese policy bank appetite for low-carbon investments may wane. Potential future synergies between China's policy banks and other multilateral development banks are explored.
Copy Citation Bhandary, R., Gallagher, K., Jaffe, A., Myslikova, Z., Zhang, F., Petrova, M., . . . Yimere, A. (2022). Demanding development: The political economy of climate finance and overseas investments from China. Energy Research and Social Science, 93(102816). doi:10.1016/j.erss.2022.102816 Copied to clipboard.
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Sep 9, 2022
The Development of a Crypto Policy Community: Diffie-Hellman's Impact on Public Policy
By: Landau S Association for Computing Machinery 214 - 256
Copy Citation Landau, S. (2022). The Development of a Crypto Policy Community: Diffie-Hellman's Impact on Public Policy. In R. Slayton (Ed.), Democratizing Cryptography: The Work of Whitfield Diffie and Martin Hellman (pp. 214-256). New York: Association for Computing Machinery. doi:10.1145/3549993 Copied to clipboard.
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Sep 1, 2022
Shielding and expanding Mission Innovation
By: Myslikova Z; Jaffe A; Gallagher KS 779 - 781
Copy Citation Myslikova, Z., Jaffe, A., & Gallagher, K. S. (2022). Shielding and expanding Mission Innovation. Nature Energy, 7(9), 779-781. doi:10.1038/s41560-022-01115-5 Copied to clipboard.
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Sep 1, 2022
Cattle to cash: Changing marriage practices among displaced people in Bentiu, South Sudan
By: Stites E; Krystalli R; Humphrey A; Gathuoy NM
Even during armed conflict and displacement, weddings continue, as people enter into marriage and adapt the processes and rituals associated with this milestone. In this paper, we trace the changes to marriage practices in the Bentiu Protection of Civilians site and adjacent areas of Rubkona and Bentiu towns in South Sudan's Unity State. Specifically, we ask how, in the context of armed conflict and displacement, the shift from a cattle-based economy to one entailing greater use of cash has affected the meanings and processes of marriages. We highlight changes to bridewealth, and corresponding shifts in the engagement of relatives, community members and social networks in the rite and process of marriage. We argue that these changes both challenge social norms around the ties and broader connections that result from marriages and potentially highlight opportunities of agency for those entering a marriage during displacement. This analysis contributes to a growing body of literature that adopts a relational understanding of survival during displacement and underscores the importance of taking social connectedness seriously in the study of armed conflict.
Copy Citation Stites, E., Krystalli, R., Humphrey, A., & Gathuoy, N. M. (2022). Cattle to cash: Changing marriage practices among displaced people in Bentiu, South Sudan. Women's Studies International Forum, 94. doi:10.1016/j.wsif.2022.102632 Copied to clipboard.
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