Diplomacy, History and Politics (DHP) Courses

DHP D202 Contemporary Critical Theory on International Issues

This course is grounded in the key proposition of critical theory: that the categories and ideas we use to make sense of the world can and should be situated historically and within power relations. Drawing on a number of post-World War II theorists from traditions that might be described as postmodern, post-Marxist, feminist or postcolonial, the course challenges the concepts that frame analysis of contemporary international relations issues. The course is structured around five key themes: refugees, trauma and truth-telling, violence as a productive force, new forms of empire, and ecological ruins. Exploration of each theme will be guided by a series of theoretical texts, alongside narrative forms (memoir and film) and more empirically grounded studies. Students are expected to bring insights from their research interests and their previous work experience to deepen the exchange between theoretical and narrative texts, and practical issues. The course is designed to increase students’ confidence and ability to weave theoretical issues and approaches into their analyses of contemporary issues; and to stimulate an ethical discussion of how we conceptualize and engage with complex contemporary global issues.

Course faculty: Bridget K. Conley
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D204 U.S. Public Diplomacy

This seminar will be a study in depth of the theory and practice of United States public diplomacy. By means of lectures, readings, class discussion, and research papers, students will explore issues of current relevance, including: public diplomacy’s challenges in dealing with foreign criticism of the United States; terrorism and radicalism issues; structural and management issues including the role of the Pentagon; the role of the private sector; creative uses of modern information technology; and personnel issues. Special attention will be given to understanding the challenges facing public diplomacy professionals doing their jobs at embassies abroad.

Additional faculty:
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D205 Global Maritime Affairs: International Trade, Security, Energy and Environmental Issues at Sea

Over 90% of international trade is carried by sea – the lifeblood of globalization. The world’s oceans also present a myriad of opportunities and challenges in international affairs, such as territorial disputes, opening Arctic sea routes, piracy, terrorism, strained fisheries, mineral and energy extraction, marine disasters, whaling, maritime security and technological advances in maritime domain awareness. The course will explore these issues and other maritime topics based on individual student interests. Course format is lecture and discussion. Writing and speaking skills receive considerable attention. No prerequisites other than a lively curiosity.

Course faculty: Rockford Weitz
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D206 U.S. Diplomatic Tradecraft

Designed to help students build the skills needed to succeed in modern diplomacy, including finding reliable sources of information on foreign events, analyzing how various events affect U.S. foreign policy priorities, writing for the workplace, briefing high-level officials, working with foreign interlocutors, and navigating the U.S. interagency. The focus of the course will be the U.S. Foreign Service, but students from other countries are welcome, as is their input and comparison on practices in their own countries’ diplomatic corps. The course will begin with a general overview of the history, structure, and culture of the State Department.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D207: Religion and Conflict in International Relations: Policymaking Assumptions, Analysis and Design

Explores the role of religion in the generation and resolution of conflict in contemporary international relations. Literatures on conventional and revisionist approaches to religion in international relations are considered, in order to identify conceptual and theoretical frameworks shaping policy responses to religion in world affairs. Case studies of religion as conflict-generator and conflict-resolver in international relations will consider: empirical evidence versus perceptions of religion as a conflict/peace variable; domestic and transnational religious actors as conflict-generators and peacebuilders; differentiation of religion, other identity factors, and material factors, in conflict and peace; and, religious actors as stakeholders in sustainable peacebuilding.

Course faculty:
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D208M Research Methods and Scholarship

This bi-monthly module is designed to introduce first-year Fletcher PhD students to the scholarly profession and research methods. This semester will cover basic issues of what it means to be a PhD student and a researcher and provide some tips to guide students as they begin their careers. We will go over the nuts and bolts of developing a research question, constructing testable theories, understanding the basics of quantitative and qualitative methods, and concept formation. We will also visit the various library and data centers that are available to help with research. In addition to attendance in the course, each student is expected to meet with Professor Toft at least twice during the term to discuss his or her progress.

Credits/Units: 1.5

DHP D209M Negotiating International Leadership

This module explores the nature of leadership in the international context. Drawing upon academic literature and case studies of influential leaders, the class introduces the various models of leadership and the diverse functions of a leader across a range of international environments and organizations. The basic goals of the course are three fold: 1) to enable students to understand the nature of leadership across different sectors in different international settings; 2) to give students the tools to analyze various leadership situations and problems; and 3) to help students develop leadership skills in light of their own leadership ideas and ambitions. A key premise of this class is that leadership is an exercise in negotiation, a task of influencing other persons to act in desired ways for the benefit of an organization or group. The act of leadership on the global stage – in multilateral organizations, multinational corporations, international non-profits, and diplomatic posts – is particularly complex, and it requires an appreciation of different concepts and cultures of leadership. A key aim of this module, then, is to understand how leaders exercise influence inside and outside their organizations, particularly within the international environment. .A student’s final evaluation in the course will be based on a paper of not more than 3000 words (65%) and participation in class sessions (35%). The course has no required pre- requisites, although a basic knowledge of negotiation theory and practice is recommended.

Cross-listed as EIB B295m.

Course faculty: Jeswald Salacuse
Credits/Units: 1.5

DHP D210 The Art and Science of Statecraft

It is easy to develop explanations for foreign policy decision-making; it is quite another thing to act as the policymaker. What are the available tools of influence that an international actor can use to influence other actors in the world? When are these tools likely to work? The goal of this course is to offer an introduction into the world of policymaking and statecraft. Topics include using coercion and inducement; intervening in the domestic politics of another country; the nature of public and private diplomacy; and case studies of notable policy successes and failures from the past.

Course faculty: Daniel Drezner
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D211 Politics of Statecraft

Foreign policy is not immune from public debate, political gridlock, or human frailties. Building on The Art and Science of Statecraft, this course examines the political environment in which foreign policy is crafted and implemented. Topics include the role of public opinion, interest groups, bureaucracies, think tanks, and experts in the formulation of policy. Case studies of notable successes and failures of the policy process will be discussed. There will also be frequent in-class exercises in the various arts associated with the promotion of policy. Open to students who have completed D210.

Course faculty: Daniel Drezner
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D213 International Humanitarian Response

This course will offer a practical and in-depth analysis of the complex issues and skills needed to engage in humanitarian work in field settings. Through presentations offered by the faculty of the Humanitarian Studies Initiative and guest speakers who are experts in their topic areas, students will gain familiarity with the primary frameworks in the humanitarian field (human rights, livelihoods, Sphere standards, international humanitarian law) and will focus on practical issues that arise in the field, such as rapid assessments, application of minimum standards for humanitarian response, and operational approaches to relations with the military in humanitarian settings. Each student will be part of a team representing an international humanitarian non-governmental organization. Topics covered: Humanitarian response community and history; International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights Law; Sphere standards and sectoral applications (shelter, water and sanitation, food security, health); Civil-military relations, media skills, logistics, and budgeting; Monitoring and evaluation, accountability, and livelihoods; Personal security, mental health, stress, and teamwork; and Humanitarian technology. IMPORTANT TO NOTE: These topics will provide the foundational knowledge and skills needed to perform successfully during a three-day intensive field simulation of a humanitarian crisis that usually takes place at the end of April/early May. There is a $300 fee to cover camping gear hire, food, and other equipment costs. This course is cross-listed with The Fletcher School (D213) and enrollment is limited to 15 Friedman students and to 15 Fletcher students. Priority enrollment for Friedman is given to: 1) FPAN students pursuing the Humanitarian Assistance Specialization, 2) MAHA students 3) Graduating and Second-Year students, 4) First-Year students. Pre-requisite: Graduate standing or instructor consent.

Cross-listed with NUTR 0324

Course faculty: Daniel G. Maxwell
Additional faculty: Paul Washington Howe
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D216M Networks, Analytics, and Organizations I

The growing use of social media in political movements and the notoriety of the Snowden revelations and the NSA’s big-data network-tracking abilities have fueled a fast-growing interest in understanding social networks of all types. Participants in this course will examine the evolution of the study of networks and will learn how to analyze an array of social, organizational, and professional networks—including their own. Individual and team assignments will further students’ understanding of the concepts, as well as demonstrate the power of a ‘networked’ class. The final deliverables will include blog postings and a debate on the importance and future of both social networks and enabling technologies.

Course faculty: Christopher R. Tunnard
Credits/Units: 1.5

DHP D217M Networks, Analytics, and Organizations II

This course, a continuation of D216m, will be a seminar covering how to do a complete Social Network Analysis (SNA) project, from survey and data collection through analysis. Students can choose to do either a stand-alone SNA project, either individually or in groups, or an individual project as part of their MALD/MIB capstone project or doctoral dissertation. Initial sessions will introduce the major concepts and techniques of designing and completing a successful SNA. Subsequent sessions will be shaped by the actual projects themselves, with individuals and teams sharing their progress. Open to students who have completed D216m or a graduate-level course in SNA approved by the instructor.

Course faculty:
Credits/Units: 1.5

DHP D218 Influencing Policy and the Global Debate: Writing Analysis and Opinion

Informing and influencing the course of public affairs requires an ability to write clearly, explain accurately and be convincing. It also requires an understanding of your audience, including its cultural values and how to reach it through social media. Whether you choose to go into government, the non-profit sector, business or the news media itself, you will have to master these skills for success in the public arena, be it to lead or to affect policies. In this course, we will study how to write analysis, which generally attempts to address questions of why or how or to explain something, and opinion, which focuses more what should be done. Opinion can include value judgments, but you must back both analysis and opinion with facts. You also must provide context and be complete, weighing contradictory but relevant information. You will be asked in the first class to submit a theme, region or country on which throughout the course you will write disciplined, well-written essays of 800 to 1,200 words. Your pieces must have some relevance to public policy today, but can focus on economic, legal, historical, military, business or political matters.

Enrollment limited to 25 students

Course faculty: Edward Schumacher-Matos
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D220 Processes of International Negotiation

This course explores the processes, rather than specific substantive issues, of international negotiation. Using exercises and simulations, it examines the nature of conflict in the international arena; the special characteristics of negotiation in the international setting; negotiation dynamics; the roles of culture, power, and psychological processes; and the strategy and tactics of international negotiation. Special problems of multilateral negotiation, and the follow-up and implementation of negotiated agreements are also examined.

Course faculty: Eileen F. Babbitt, Diana Chigas, Elizabeth McClintock, Naseem Khuri
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D221 International Mediation

Mediation is one of many international intervention approaches to prevent, resolve, or recover from political violence. It is practiced by individuals, international and transnational organizations, small and large states, and in bilateral or multilateral contexts. This seminar focuses on the ways in which mediators in the international arena carry out their third-party roles. Topics to be covered include: gaining entry; developing a strategy; gaining and using leverage; and managing complexity. The seminar relies on detailed, extensive case study analysis to understand how international mediators operate in real-time, complex environments. Open to students who have completed D220 or equivalent.

Course faculty: Eileen F. Babbitt
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D222M The Mediation of Armed Conflict: Strategies, Methods, and Techniques

This course explores practical mediation skills and techniques to resolve or mitigate armed conflict, ranging from initial outreach to warring parties to successfully managing a mediated process of dialogue. The course introduces international mediation and then explores how to: analyse armed conflict and design a process; build trust with and between the parties; discern and manage biases and emotions; use empathy to better understand, anticipate and influence the parties; and manage the process effectively, including through facilitating interest-based talks, managing spoilers and exploiting leverage. The course will involve facilitated discussions, group work, structured exercises and simulations.

Credits/Units: 1.5

DHP D223 Theories of Conflict and Conflict Resolution

Offers an overview of theories of conflict and approaches to conflict resolution. It surveys theories of conflict that originate in various disciplines including sociology, political science, international relations, social psychology, and law. It presents multiple levels of analysis to explain both inter-state and intra-state conflicts. It also reviews approaches that seek to settle and to transform the relationships of disputing parties. This course will provide an in-depth and a critical look at leading theories of conflict and conflict resolution and will explore some of the major theoretical debates in the field.

Course faculty: Nadim N. Rouhana
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D224 Negotiation and Mediation in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Past Lessons and Future Opportunities

Integrates negotiation and conflict resolution theory, international negotiation and mediation practice, and area studies within the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Students will serve as active participants in their own learning by examining their ideas with people who have participated in negotiations or mediation in various rounds of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict or senior scholars who have studied this conflict. The first half of the course will explore the Israeli and Palestinian narratives and will review the conflict’s historical developments since 1948. It will also review briefly main concepts and theories of negotiation, mediation, and conflict resolution. The second half relies heavily on high-ranking guest speakers from the U.S., Israel, and the Palestinian territories in an effort to give students formal and informal opportunities to interact with professionals who have had first-hand experience negotiating or mediating in this conflict.

Course faculty: Nadim N. Rouhana
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D225 Conflict Resolution Practice

Focuses on three crucial aspects of conflict resolution practice: conducting a conflict assessment; facilitating discussions and consensus building processes in the context of intergroup conflict; and designing and conducting effective dialogues between contending identity groups. The seminar will emphasize the applied aspects of these processes and will use demonstrations, films, exercises, and guest lecturers. It will culminate with organizing and conducting a problem-solving workshop under the leadership of the instructor. Open to students who have completed D223.

Course faculty: Eileen F. Babbitt
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D228M: Protracted Social Conflict: Dynamics, Major Issues and Possible Consequences

Distinguishing protracted social conflict from other types of international and ethnic conflicts, we will review contending frameworks that examine sources of social conflict and its political, economic, societal, and psychological dynamics. In particular, we will examine: the role of social identity; culture and the conditions under which religion plays constructive and destructive roles in conflict escalation and de-escalation; the dynamics of escalation, stalemate, and de-escalation; the political and cultural basis of genocide, mass killings, and ethnic terrorism; and the psychology of perpetrators and bystanders. Some conflict resolution approaches that deal with protracted social conflict will be discussed.

Credits/Units: 1.5

DHP D230: Humanitarian Action in Complex Emergencies

This multi-disciplinary course covers a broad range of subjects, including the evolution of the international humanitarian system, the political economy of conflicts and humanitarian aid, analytical and normative frameworks for humanitarian action, and a variety of programmatic topics. By the end of this course you will be aware of the historical, legal, social, political and moral context of both the causes and responses to complex humanitarian emergencies, and have a working knowledge of the principles and standards for performing humanitarian response to complex humanitarian emergencies. This course is cross-listed with the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy.

Cross-listed with NUTR 0229

Course faculty: Daniel G. Maxwell
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D231: Gender and Human Security in Transitional States and Societies

This course uses gender as a key analytical tool to examine states and societies transitioning from large-scale social and political upheaval. It explores key gender dimensions of such transitions and their implications for states, societies and citizens, including those that have moved toward more democratic forms of governance and those that transitioned (or appear to be transitioning) into more authoritarian or fundamentalist regimes. The course balances a population-focused approach (examining the evolving roles, expectations, and norms for men, women, boys and girls) with an analysis of the health, humanitarian, development, security, justice/legal, and governance sectors.

Cross-listed with NUTR 0242

Course faculty: Dyan Mazurana
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D232: Gender, Culture and Conflict in Complex Humanitarian Emergencies

Examines situations of armed conflict, civilian experiences of these crises, and the international and national humanitarian and military responses to these situations from a gender perspective and highlights the policy and program implications that this perspective presents. Topics include gender analyses of current trends in armed conflict and terrorism; links among war economies, globalization and armed conflict; the manipulation of gender roles to fuel war and violence; gender and livelihoods in crises; masculinities in conflict; sexual and gender-based violence; women's rights in international humanitarian and human rights law; and peacebuilding. Case studies are drawn from recent and current armed conflicts worldwide. This course is cross-listed with the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy.

Cross-listed as NUTR 0222.

Course faculty: Dyan Mazurana, Elizabeth Stites
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D233: Migration and Human Rights: Movement, Community, and Mobilization

This course explores the complex relationships among nationality, citizenship, migration, and human rights. The questions animating this course are the degree to which rights are inherent in human identity and the primary factors that define, promote, protect, or violate the rights of people who move. In considering these concerns, the course explores the nature of social and political community, ethics, and political rationality. The teaching begins with an historical review of the emergence of ideas of universal rights and the universalisation of the nation-state. It then discusses international and regional mechanisms outlining the rights of international migrants and questions the presumed importance of law, documentation and nationality in claiming practical rights and protections. The course concludes with an exploration of human rights practice in cities and towns in the United States, Africa, and elsewhere. The final section looks at strategies for claiming, enforcing, or restricting rights and their implications for a broader understanding of rights.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D234: Humanitarian Leadership: The Political and Policy Challenges of Being in Charge

NUTR 329/D234 is designed to provide students with a broad understanding of leadership actions in extreme contexts and how politics and policy affect the choices leaders make in humanitarian assistance programs. The course also will cover leadership concepts to enable students to extract lessons to begin to develop a personal leadership style, and political frameworks that enable the student to better analyze such influences on humanitarian actions. The course will examine political and policy ramifications for decision makers in humanitarian settings through review of various institutions that conduct humanitarian activities, but are part of larger systems with other considerations. Through use of case studies, the course will help students identify how specific leaders dealt with major issues in humanitarian crises, the successes and failures attendant to those decisions, and the consequences of those actions. The course is designed to also help students begin to build their own leadership skills and styles.

Course is crosslisted with NUTR 0329.

Additional faculty: Gregory Gottlieb
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D235M: Overview of Research Methods

This is the introductory research module for Masters and PhD students, and is the foundation for Fletcher’s ‘Research Track.’ This module prepares students to come up with a draft research proposal that will be more fully fleshed out through a detailed exploration of qualitative and survey methods in subsequent modules. Research Module 1 has the following goals: - to learn how to conceptualize and write up the design for any research project, - to provide an overview of qualitative, quantitative, and ‘mixed methods’ - understand case studies from different social science perspectives - to develop a critical awareness of what constitutes sound empirical research and what does not.

Course faculty: Karen Jacobsen
Credits/Units: 1.5

DHP D236: Migration and Governance in the Global South

Nowhere are the impacts of human mobility more visible than in the global ‘south,’ where movements of people in search of profit, protection, and passage continue to shape political, economic, and social configurations. In an era of globalization and urbanization, such mobility can be simultaneously destabilizing and empowering; challenging socio-economic and political structures in ways resulting in both marginalization and opportunities. This course is designed as an ongoing conversation covering migration dynamics and how we understand how and who controls spaces and the people occupying or moving through them.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D237: Nutrition in Complex Emergencies: Policies, Practice and Decision-making

The course will introduce students to the concept of Public Nutrition and examine its central role in complex emergencies. The implications of the Public Nutrition approach for assessment and analysis, policy development, program design and implementation will be examined. This will provide an understanding of; the causes and nutritional outcomes of humanitarian crises and complex emergencies (malnutrition, morbidity and mortality). The course has a field oriented focus based on a wide range of recent and past food and nutrition crises ranging. The course reviews international response strategies, nutrition programmes and relevant policies; and incorporates relevant applied research. The course provides the opportunity for active class participation drawing upon the actual work experience of the students and applying a range of up-to-date case-study materials based on current humanitarian crises. This course is cross-listed with the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy.

Cross-listed with NUTR 0308; enrollment limited to 10 Fletcher students

Additional faculty: Erin Boyd
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D238: Current Issues in Global Immigration Policy

This is a comparative immigration politics and policy course, with a focus on national immigration policies and the foreign policy, security and development implications of migration. Since 2015 when the migration crisis took hold in Europe, long-standing debates over how to reconcile foreign policy interests, national security concerns, and the humanitarian and development implications of migration have re-emerged at a global scale. This course takes a comparative perspective to these issues, comparing the experience of the US, EU, other OECD and selected middle- and low-income countries. The first half of the course explores general issues, the second half focuses more closely on specific countries. It is an introductory level course, intended for students with little or no background in comparative policy or global migration, beyond a familiarity with current events expected of any Fletcher student.

Course faculty: Karen Jacobsen
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D239: Forced Migration

The course is an exploration of how forced displacement, which includes trafficking, and other forms of involuntary migration, relates to the broader spectrum of migration stemming from persecution, development, natural disaster, environmental change, and impoverishment. We begin with an analysis of the root causes of migration, then review the international legal framework, and analyze asylum and refugee policies in different national contexts. The course will explore a range of critical issues including current controversies about climate change and migration, urbanization, trafficking, and new approaches to humanitarian assistance and protection. The course focuses on refugee and IDP movements, but adopts a wider perspective so as to address all kinds of global movements.

Cross-listed with NUTR 0243

Course faculty: Karen Jacobsen
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D240: Children, Violence, Protection, and Resilience

Drawing upon relevant theories, concepts and frameworks, and using a thematic approach and case studies, this class explores children and childhood, gender, violence, protection and resilience in both development settings and humanitarian crises. After a deep grounding of what constitutes a `child’, `childhood,’ child protection, children’s international rights and resilience, we use gender and intersectional analyses to explore children and nutrition; children, adversity and mental and physical health; child labor and child slaves; children `on the streets’; children and migration, displacement and resettlement; child brides and grooms; children and political violence; child soldiers; and conducting research with children. Throughout the course students will engage in conducting gender and intersectional child protection analyses for both development settings and humanitarian crises.

Course faculty: Dyan Mazurana
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D241: Climate and Migration

This course explores the ways in which people are displaced by the destruction of our environment, the role of financial capitalism in that destruction, and the consequences for climate change and global migration. Through the lens of global supply chains, we explore the connections between economic development and global capitalism, environmental impact, human mobility and climate change. Through case studies we explore different supply chains, and the interaction of their links with the environment, migration, and climate change and consequently, human security and justice. The course provides a perspective on the fast-growing body of research on climate change and migration, and explores the associated challenges of human security and environmental justice. The course explores potential policy responses and technological solutions, including positive interventions in supply chains, and ends with a perspective on pandemics response at the national and international level. Participants will gain an exposure to academic and non-academic literature and case studies from different regions. Flexible course assignments will offer students an opportunity to delve deeper into topics of their interest.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D242: Famine, Livelihoods, and Resilience: Food Security Analysis and Response in Crisis

After a decade of absence, famine returned with a vengeance in Somalia in 2011, and in 2017-18, there were four countries at imminent risk of famine. While this return highlights the extreme risks of famine, particularly in conflict-affected areas, it also raises again the limited progress made in addressing the underlying causes of severe food insecurity. “Resilience” has been the good word of the decade, but limited progress has been made in building greater resilience among the poorest or most marginalized populations, and the livelihoods of these populations are under more stress now than ever. This class will draw primarily on the international experience of the co-leaders but will attempt to draw on domestic US cases as well. This seminar class will consider new (and some not so new) approaches to this kind of the understanding and analysis of, and response to, food insecurity, hunger and malnutrition among crisis-prone populations. Students can register for this course as either 3.0 or 1.5 SHUs. Students must register for 3.0 SHUs and then contact FletcherRegistrar@tufts.edu to register for 1.5 to have their enrollment adjusted.

Course faculty: Daniel G. Maxwell
Additional faculty: Merry Colleen Fitzpatrick
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D243M: Overview of Survey Methods

This module expects that students will come to the course with a developed research question and hypotheses to be tested using survey data. This module focuses on how to use survey methods, to explore research questions, test hypotheses, and combine with qualitative data in mixed methods designs. It has three broad goals: familiarize with different kinds of large-N data (e.g. Big Data, census, RCTs) and establish how surveys are one type); enable students to design and implement a household survey; give students hands-on experience in implementing a pilot survey and analyzing survey data; show how and why survey data can be combined with qualitative methods to enable ‘mixed methods’. Prerequisite: DHP D235M or equivalent preparation.

Course faculty: Karen Jacobsen
Credits/Units: 1.5

DHP D244M: Introduction to Qualitative Field Research Methods

This module builds on DHP D235M and expects that students will come to the course with a developed research question that they want to explore using qualitative methods in various field settings. The course is highly practical with short assignment due for nearly every class. Primary Course Objectives: students develop good observational, interview, note-taking and recording skills; students know how to validate/verify information; students can classify (code) and analyze qualitative data; students develop concrete calls to action — policies, products, and programs; students learn to write a policy brief based on their final projects. Prerequisite: D235M or equivalent preparation.

Course faculty: Kim Wilson
Credits/Units: 1.5

DHP D245M: Advanced Field Methods Research: Difficult Research Environments and Vulnerable Populations

Drawing upon relevant theories, concepts and frameworks, and using a thematic approach and case studies, this class explores conducting research with vulnerable populations in difficult research environments. We will study the ethics of conducting research with violence and conflict affected populations. We will engage with the specific practicalities of the researcher and her/his team members working safely in these difficult environments, and best practices to help ensure the research and researcher do not harm the research subjects or put them at risk. We will explore a variety of means and best practices to carrying out field research with populations on the move such as conflict-migrants and refugees; survivors of gender-based violence and sexual violence in fragile states; children that have experienced violence and depravation; and victims of international war crimes and crimes against humanity. Prerequisites: DHP D235M and DHP D244M or equivalent preparation.

Course faculty: Dyan Mazurana
Credits/Units: 1.5

DHP D250: Food for All: Ecology, Biotechnology and Sustainability

(Cross-listed w/ENV 182 and BIO 0185) An interdisciplinary examination of the pros and cons of two divergent approaches to meeting the increasing global food demand: organic farming and genetic engineering. Contrasting crops grown in developing and industrialized countries serve as case studies to evaluate: (1) how ecological knowledge makes food production more sustainable; (2) what existing and emerging approaches can, in the face of climate change, contribute to a reliable supply of nutritious food; and (3) the political and economic drivers that shape who has access to these technologies. An important focus is developing communication skills for negotiating stakeholder-specific perspectives (growers, advocacy groups, industry, governmental agencies). Please see departmental website for specific details. Recommendations: Intro Bio or Intro Chemistry or equivalent.

Course is crosslisted with BIO 0185.

Additional faculty: Colin Orian
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D252: Grand Strategy

This course seeks to introduce students to grand strategy. Definitions of that art vary - and we will discuss those variations - but we can start by understanding it as the weaving together of different categories of power to achieve overarching objectives. The best way of understanding grand strategy is to study it in action. This course, therefore, takes us through a series of case studies in grand strategy. Some of these are studies in success, others in failure; most have elements of both (part of the challenge you will face in the course, as well as in real life, will be figuring out what constitutes success or failure). Grappling with them all will hone students’ skills in grand strategic thinking: that is, in formulating a policy that is all-encompassing, looks to the long-term, and is sufficiently flexible to survive the real world. Though the course is rooted firmly in security studies and history, the principles of grand strategy are relevant to virtually all aspects of the policymaking world and can be usefully applied to business, activism, and other realms of life.

Course faculty: Sulmaan Khan
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D253M: Global One Health Diplomacy: Holistic Approaches to Global Health Challenges

We start with the One Health premise that health of humans, animals and the environment are interconnected, and that collaborative, multi-sectoral, transboundary and diplomatic approaches are needed locally, regionally and globally to advance well-being across One Health interfaces.We start with the One Health premise that health of humans, animals and the environment are interconnected, and that collaborative, multi-sectoral, transboundary and diplomatic approaches are needed locally, regionally Global health diplomacy is concerned with how and why global health issues play out in a policy context. In this course we aim to develop skills and understanding required to bring policy and One Health communities together to achieve mutual objectives. globally to advance well-being across One Health interfaces.

Course faculty: Deborah Kochevar
Credits/Units: 1.5

DHP D254M: Health Security, Emerging Infections & Outbreak Response

With increasing globalization of trade, travel and terrorism, public and individual human health have become topics of global concern, involving sovereign nations, international organizations and the scientific community. Threats from emerging infectious diseases outbreaks exemplify this trend. In contrast to the traditional idea of national security, the field of human security focuses on the individual, rather than state, as the nexus of analysis and takes a multidisciplinary approach through which to analyze the challenges related to community, national and global response to emerging infectious diseases epidemics. This course will start by examining human security literature and practice as it applies to infectious diseases threats. It will examine factors leading to increasing frequency of outbreaks due to novel pathogens, such as climate change and environmental degradation, and the concept of One Health. It will then look at the intersection between scientific research and related ethical issues, disease surveillance and global biosecurity issues. Further, the course will examine the historical basis for International Health Regulations and other frameworks for modern global health governance as they apply to outbreaks. Lastly, the class will utilize case studies to examine how outbreak preparedness and response have been managed during recent epidemics such as SARS, H1N1, MERS, Ebola and Zika. This course is meant to foster interdisciplinary perspectives by bringing together practitioners from international law, human development, public health and clinical care.

Course faculty: Nahid Bhadelia
Credits/Units: 1.5

DHP D255: Environmental Humanities and Global Health

The contemporary challenges arising from global environmental change, such as climate change, land degradation, loss of biodiversity, freshwater scarcity, toxic contamination and energy scarcity, are important issues for scholars from not only the natural and social but also the human sciences. As a result of increasing concerns about global environmental change, over the last decade a new scientific field of research has emerged, the Environmental Humanities (EH). Whereas scholarship on issues of environmental change was formerly dominated by the natural, economic and social sciences — and by technological approaches to problem-solving — this relatively new and rapidly growing field is constituted by the work of scholars from a wide variety of disciplines within the Humanities, including history, literature, philosophy, cultural studies, religion studies, arts, architecture, and linguistics. These scholars are investigating how the human and human agency are to be understood in the age of the Anthropocene –the era in which humans have become a geological force with devastating potential (Croetzen and Stoermer, 2000). Emergent transdisciplinary fields, such as the environmental humanities and global health, reflect a growing awareness that responses to contemporary environmental dilemmas require the collaborative work of not only diverse scientists, medical practitioners, and engineers, but also more expansive publics, including artists, urban and rural communities, social scientists, and legal fields. Environmental Humanities thus marks an effort to explore and channel the creative synergy that is possible when scholars from the humanities, social sciences, and sciences talk across disciplines about the environment and environmental problems. Central to our concerns are the unequal access to resources as well as the unequal exposure to risk during a period of widening economic disparity. The readings in this course have been selected to help us discuss questions that span the disciplines and the globe: What does it mean to be human in a time of global environmental change? What should environmental ethics look like? How are political, social, and economic structures—and inequities—intertwined with ecological realities? How has our understanding of the relationship between culture and nature shaped our conservation efforts? How do our concepts of nature and of environmentalism need to change in response to our current situation? Scholars in the environmental humanities ask and seek to answer these questions, and to develop more equitable ecologies.

Course faculty: Kimberly Theidon
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D258: Introduction to Data Science for Global Applications

Provides an overview of the principles and applications of data science. The first part of the course deals with the acquisition and handling of data, with an emphasis on contextualizing data and framing data analysis. The second part of the course will focus on tools and techniques for data manipulation and visualization. The third part of the course will introduce students to several methods for modeling data. The course will present both theoretical frame-works and practical tools for implementing various algorithms for regression, classification, and clustering. Students will become proficient in Python based tools for data analysis including numpy, pandas, and scikit-learn.

Course faculty: Anna Haensch, Karin Knudson
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D260: Southwest Asia: History, Culture, and Politics

This course is a survey of Southwest Asian institutional history from the middle of the 18th century to modern times. The course is designed for professional students. It examines the complexity of the region, with special emphasis on the impact of the Industrial Revolution. Topics include Great Power competition in the region; the influence of Turko-Muslim culture on contemporary events, Colonialism, the regional context for the formation of nation states, post WWII Globalization, the regional impact of explosive change in the Digital era, Fundamentalism, and chaotic conditions at the turn of the 21st century.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D261: Afghanistan and the U.S. "War of Necessity"

Despite a seemingly brilliant victory in the early days of the post-9/11 era, America’s campaign in Afghanistan has become the longest war in US history, with currently no end in sight. Balancing history, theory, and policy this seminar investigates the mechanisms and critical junctures that led to this entanglement. It explores the collision between the US-led coalition’s objectives, the lasting legacies of the Cold War and the specificities of Afghanistan’ society and regional dynamics. All along, we examine critical junctures, successes, failures, and ambiguities in light of scholarly disputes and policy debates. Themes addressed include the war on terror, South Asia’s geopolitics, democratization, state-building, insurgencies, and strategy.

Course faculty: Thomas P. Cavanna
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D262: The U.S. in South Asia since 1947: From Cold War to New Alignments?

This course examines US policy in South Asia from 1947 to 2018. Intersecting history, theory, and policy, it discusses the evolution of America’s strategic rationale over time, the local consequences of its policies, and the regional powers’ own counter-strategies. During the first third of the semester, we investigate how Washington integrated the subcontinent to its containment grand strategy against the Soviet Union, and the legacy of the Cold War. Then, we explore how the region’s status evolved in the post-Cold War era, following India and Pakistan’s acquisition of a nuclear-weapon status, the launching of the war on terror, and China’s rising influence. The course delves deeply into the US-India-Pakistan triangle but also covers America’s relations with other countries (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, etc.), its role in the Indian Ocean, its competition with other extra-regional powers, and the role of domestic politics.

Course faculty: Thomas P. Cavanna
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D263: The Arabs and Their Neighbors

With a particular focus on the Arab world and the Levant, this course examines the evolution of nation-states in the Middle East from colonial rule to the present. Themes addressed include the rise of nationalism and pan-Arabism, ideologies of internal unity and regional tensions, Islam as a political force, globalization, reform and radicalism, the current Arab revolts, and the search for new alternatives.

Course faculty: Leila Fawaz, Ibrahim Warde
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D264: Geopolitics of Energy in Eurasia

This course deals with the human impact of geopolitical and economic changes in Eurasia from the collapse of the Soviet Union to modern day. Since the supply of energy for industrializing societies in Eurasia is so important, the course will focus on issues related to the production, distribution and consumption of oil and gas and how they affect the political landscape of the region. Competition over the distribution of these critical resources has produced state conflict with global ramifications. A recent example of this is the current turmoil in the Middle East, which affects the entire political and economic situation in Eurasia. The trauma of the break-up of the Soviet Union has been exacerbated by the impact of accelerating technological changes taking place both in Eurasia and the rest of the world that has produced weak borders. To underline the importance of political instability, we will examine the difficulties that the Russian Federation has had with preserving peace and stability along its borders. Special emphasis will be placed on supranational issues such as the development of global LNG markets, migration, terrorism, climate change, and maritime security to highlight the importance of going beyond a state-centric view and approaching subjects from a global perspective.

Course faculty: Andrew C. Hess
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D265: The Globalization of Central Eurasia: Energy, Politics, and Culture

This course will examine the “Strategic Ellipse”, which includes Russia, Central Asia, South Asia, Southwest Asia, the Arabian/Persian Gulf, East Africa, and the Indian Ocean. This crucial region comprises approximately 70% of the world’s proven oil and gas reserves. It is also host to some of the world’s most pressing security problems. We will analyze the impact of globalization and modernization on the cultures and politics of the countries in this region and their effect on global energy security. This course will provide in-depth knowledge of ethnic and sectarian violence, modern educational change, social and cultural reaction to radical urbanization, creation of a modern legal system, transfer of modern technology, and foreign policies of major state and non-state powers.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D271: International Relations of the United States and East Asia: 1945 to the Present

An examination of the international relations of the United States and East Asia since the end of World War II, principally U.S. interactions with China, Japan, and Korea, and secondarily, with Vietnam and Southeast Asia. Focus on fundamental concepts and realities of international politics governing interactions between the U.S. and East Asian nations, as well as the major geopolitical issues of the day. Study of the continuing patterns of interaction among the U.S. and East Asian states—the dynamics of wars, ideologies, political, economic, and cultural issues.

Course faculty: Sung-Yoon Lee
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D280: U.S.-E.U. Relations in the 21st Century: Multidisciplinary Analysis of Transatlantic Affairs

The course will explore the origins of transatlantic cooperation and the creation of common European economic and political structures, notably the European Union, and the development of transatlantic security alliances, particularly NATO. It will compare constitutional governance in the differing federal systems of the US and the EU, explore centrifugal forces like Brexit that are testing the sustainability of the EU, and examine the populist and nationalist political movements and neo-authoritarian tendencies that are challenging liberal democracy on both sides of the Atlantic. Areas of economic cooperation and tension will be studied, including the financial crisis, international trade and regulatory affairs, and the failed negotiation of a transatlantic trade and investment partnership. The course will also take up cooperative and conflicting policies of transatlantic partners in addressing security problems of terrorism, failed states, refugees and human rights catastrophes. Finally, it will examine the relationship of Russia, Turkey and countries to the east with evolving transatlantic security, economic and political structures.

Enrollment limited to 15 students. Mandatory for MATA students.

Course faculty: John Shattuck
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D282M: Contemporary Issues in U.S. Russian Relations

This course examines major issues in US-Russian relations, including views on sovereignty, values, and world order; Eastern Europe, the Middle East, and East Asia; and nuclear weapons, cyber, and each country's role in the other's domestic politics. The course is video-linked with 15 students from MGIMO, a leading university in Moscow.

Enrollment limited to 15 students

Course faculty: Christopher Miller
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 1.5

DHP D283: U.S.-European Relations Since the Fall of the Berlin Wall

Examines U.S.-European relations since a peaceful revolution brought down the Berlin Wall in November 1989. The seminar looks at various common challenges in the period thereafter and how they were dealt with, both from a U.S. and a European perspective: the unification of Germany, the opening of NATO to new members, NATO/Russia, Russia/Ukraine, 9/11 and the threat of violent extremism, Afghanistan, Iraq, Iran and nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament, the dilemma of security vs privacy, climate, and newer issues such as trade, China policy, and extraterritorial sanctions. The emphasis is on practical skills rather than theory. Students will practice writing short memos for political leaders and giving short oral presentations.

Course faculty: Klaus Scharioth
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D284: Europe in the Changing World Order

In the 21st century, Europe finds itself between an introvert America and a resurgent Russia. This course will analyze European perceptions of Trump’s «America First» doctrine and its impact on policy changes in Europe. In this context we will examine trade issues and policies as well as changes in the European dependence on the Atlantic security structure. PESCO, the European Defense Fund, and the European Army proposals will be discussed. On the other hand, we will discuss the security challenges posed by a resurgent and revisionist Russia. The new Russian assertiveness, as evidenced in Georgia, Ukraine, the Balkans and Syria, and its interference in the domestic politics of Western democracies will be examined.

Course faculty: Constantine Arvanitopoulos
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D285: The Global Rise of Populism: Europe and Beyond

Populist parties are on the rise in Europe. From SYRIZA in Greece, Podemos in Spain, and the Five Star movement in Italy, to Brexit and the entry of AFD to the German Parliament, Orban in Hungary and Lepen in France, the increasing electoral support of populist parties is undoing the European political landscape.The objective of this course is to explore the phenomenon of populism. To provide definitions of populism, and examine current populist forces in Europe and their characteristics. It will also examine the ambivalent relationship between populism and democracy and assess national and international responses to the rise of populism.

Course faculty: Constantine Arvanitopoulos
Additional faculty: Constantine Arvanitopoulos
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D286: From Authoritarian Regimes to Illiberal Democracies

This is a seminar on the reverse waves to democratic rule. In 1922, the coming of power of Mussolini in Italy, and later Hitler in Germany, marked the first reverse wave that by 1942 had reduced the number of democratic states. The triumph of the Allies in WWII and the consequent expansion of democratic rule were followed by a second reverse wave in the Soviet space, and dictatorships in Latin America, Southern Europe and elsewhere. The triumph of liberal democracies in the Cold War is now threatened by a third reverse wave with the rise of illiberal democracies and the resuscitation of authoritarianism. This seminar will offer a broad taxonomy of authoritarian regimes in different times and will analyze the causes of this recurring phenomenon.

Course faculty: Constantine Arvanitopoulos
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D290: Cyber Risk Management

This course provides a survey of different tools and techniques for assessing and addressing online risks in an organization including threat modeling, security metrics and budgeting, incident response and remediation, legal compliance, and cyber-insurance. Through case studies of real companies and cybersecurity incidents, students will learn how to identify potential cyber threats to an organization, address related supply chain and procurement risks, develop qualitative and quantitative metrics for assessing cybersecurity, establish a policy for responding to law enforcement requests for data, use international security standards and frameworks, negotiate insurance coverage for cyber risks, and incorporate cloud-based services and other third-party IT vendors into a comprehensive cyber risk management plan for a multinational organization. The organizational risks discussed will include data breaches, online financial fraud, industrial espionage, social engineering, denial-of-service attacks, cloud provider outages, and online extortion. The first part of the class will focus on organizational threat modeling and risk assessment techniques, the second part will look at budgeting and metrics for cybersecurity, the third part will explore techniques for cyber risk sharing, and the fourth part will look at incident response and mitigation.

Course faculty: Josephine Wolff
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D291: Computer Science for Future Policymakers

Computer technology runs modern societies, underlying virtually every activity we do, from how the foods we eat arrive on our table to how we receive and consume information. Because cyber technology has such a profound influence on society, policymakers frequently face decisions on technical issues. Computer Science for Future Presidents is designed to provide students interested in policy, political science, and international relations aspects of cyber technology with an understanding of how these technologies work and the underlying issues of the policy debate. This course will cover Internet architecture and basic networking, the Web, cloud architectures, cryptography, security and privacy, open source systems, AI and machine learning, and other new technologies; it has a heavy emphasis on labs. It assumes no more previous exposure to computer science than a single programming course.

Course faculty: Susan Landau
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP D292: How Systems Work

(Cross-listed w/ CS 202) How computing systems work: bits, bytes, the representation of information, the CPU, assembly language, programming languages. Networking: including peering, packets, and the Internet. Algorithms and the fundamental limitations of computing.

Course faculty: Laurin Weissinger
Additional faculty: Mark A. Sheldon
Course duration: Full semester

DHP D293: How Systems Fail

(Cross-listed w/CS 203) Failure of computer systems within the larger context of complex systems, including the power grid and aviation. Failures of algorithms and protocols, engineering and implementation, systems and applications, people and culture. Attacks, attack recovery, security, privacy, and attribution. Case studies of failures and attacks, including distributed denial of service, Meltdown, Spectre, and spear-phishing attacks. Prerequisites: COMP 13 or consent of instructor.

Course faculty: Laurin Weissinger
Additional faculty: Mark A. Sheldon
Course duration: Full semester

DHP H200: The Foreign Relations of the United States to 1917

The history of American foreign relations from the Revolution to the First World War. The transformation of the former colony into a “world power,” noting the internal dynamics of this remarkable development, as well as its external causes. The evolution of major U.S. foreign policies—non-entanglement, the Monroe Doctrine, the Open Door, and Dollar Diplomacy—and the relationships of these policies to westward expansion, post-Civil War reconstruction, and industrialization and urbanization. The national debate following the Spanish-American War over “imperialism.” The leadership of Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson and their contrasting ideas of American power, interest, and purpose.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP H201: The Foreign Relations of the United States Since 1917

The history of U.S. foreign relations from the First World War to the present day. Woodrow Wilson and the Versailles Treaty. American responses to the Bolshevik Revolution, European fascism, and Japanese imperialism. The presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt, the Neutrality Laws, and U.S. involvement in the Second World War and major wartime conferences. The postwar “revolution” in American foreign policy—the Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan, and NATO. The conduct of the Cold War and the management of crises in the Caribbean and other regions. The Vietnam conflict, Nixon-Kissinger “Detente,” the Carter Doctrine, the Gulf War and “New World Order,” 9/11 and the Global War on Terror, the Arab Spring, worldwide financial instability, and the question of America’s future global engagement.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP H202: Maritime History in Global Perspective

A study of world history over the past 500 years from a salt-water perspective. The course will examine the ocean as avenue, arena, source, and cultural metaphor, analyzing major themes such as the impact of changing technologies and modes of warfare, evolving patterns of trade, and differing cultural perceptions. The format will be lecture, with some discussion.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP H203: U.S. Foreign Policy, 1898 to Present

This course will examine major themes in United States foreign relations, including isolationism, humanitarianism, and imperialism; the link between domestic politics and foreign policy; and the debate about American exceptionalism. Key topics will include the expansion of US power in the early 20th century; the diplomacy of the World Wars; the Cold War and the construction of the U.S. alliance system; and the challenges to the U.S. backed order.

Course faculty: Christopher Miller
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP H204: Classics of International Relations

Most graduate courses in international relations focus on “cutting edge” research. Without a working knowledge of Thucydides, Kant, or Schelling, citizens and policymakers are unable to place new theoretical propositions into a historical context. This course surveys the history of international relations theory through a close reading of 10-15 classic works in the field. Among the questions that will be addressed: how far has IR theory developed since Thucydides? How closely do theories of international relations mirror the era in which they were written? In what ways are these widely cited works simplified or misstated in the current era?

Course faculty: Daniel Drezner
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP H205: The Historian's Art and Current Affairs

Through case studies, this course aims to give students the historical powers they need as they go out into the world: empathy, detachment, and relentless skepticism. The course examines the origins of World War I and the analogies the war provoked and provokes, as well as the two paradigms that come up when debating whether or not to go to war: the trouble that flowed from appeasing Nazi Germany and Japan in the run up to World War II, and the disastrous Sicilian expedition embarked on by ancient Athens. The tension between these paradigms is explored through studies of war in Korea, Vietnam, and Iraq. The course will also examine how different readings of history can lead to dramatically different policies; the U.S., Russia, and China tell Cold War history differently and those differences do much to explain their different world views. Armed with knowledge of the many endings of the Cold War, the course will also compare the revolutions in Europe in 1989, Ukraine’s Orange Revolution, and the Arab Spring.

Course faculty: Sulmaan Khan
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP H210: Coronavirus as Contemporary History: Pandemics, Power, and Policymaking

The coronavirus pandemic has been nothing less than a tragedy and its full effects will be making themselves felt for years to come. But for historians and policymakers, the pandemic also offers an opportunity to study: 1) how and why the crisis unfolded the way it did; and 2) by extension, what we can do the next time a pandemic hits. This course addresses those questions using what we might think of as “historical thinking skills”. We do not have the extensive secondary literature that some historical topics offer (though where helpful secondary literature exists, we have assigned it). But there are many historians working on topics with only primary sources - sources fresh from the front as it were. (Apart from historians working on topics where sources are sparse, such as Mary Sarotte and Sergey Radchenko, think of the many outstanding works of contemporary history that are and will remain indispensable: those of Timothy Garton Ash, Adam Tooze, and Jill Lepore spring to mind). The pandemic offers such sources in abundance already (the tweets, public statements, and journalistic accounts it has generated are the lifeblood of history books) and while a definitive account will have to wait a bit, a first cut is both feasible and essential. It is feasible because, as mentioned, the sources are available. It is essential because this is precisely what policymakers need to engage in right now, whether in a congressional inquiry, a detailed report, or some other format. For students at Fletcher, the course offers an opportunity to explore the world where contemporary history and practical policy come together.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP H241: Grand Strategies in History: from the Greek City-States to America’s 21th Century Hegemony

This course examines the evolution of grand strategies over history, with a particular interest for the United States in the 20th and 21st centuries. First, it explores how the craft of grand strategy evolved over time, covering cases such as Greek city-states, the Roman Empire, and the British Empire. Second, it uses the US example to investigate the factors that underpin the formation of grand strategies (geopolitics, ideology, etc.), the domains in which these grand strategies are executed (military, economic, etc.), and their implications for key dimensions of national security (nuclear weapons, intelligence, etc.). Additionally, the course discusses the debates that have divided scholars and US policy-makers in the post-Cold War era. Along the way, it sheds light on the grand strategies of America’s main competitors - China and Russia - and on the distinct declinations of Washington’s grand strategy in key regions of the world.

Course faculty: Thomas P. Cavanna
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP H252: Russian Foreign Policy from Peter the Great to Putin

This course will examine major trends in Russian diplomacy and power projection. It begins by looking at Russian history, including the foreign policy of key tsars such as Peter the Great, Catherine the Great, and Alexander. Then the course turns to the 20th century, including the diplomacy of the early Soviet state, Stalin and World War II, the rise and fall of the Cold War, and post-Soviet Russia.

Course faculty: Christopher Miller
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP H261: War and Society in the Middle East in Historical Perspective

A century ago, World War I and its settlement shaped the modern Middle East. The end of the Ottoman Empire and the emergence of successor states in search of internal ideology and regional influence have characterized the region today. This course addresses the broader topic of struggle and survival during cataclysmic events, such as a world war, with reference to the history of the student’s region of interest. It is a research–based class in which students will learn how to better research conflict and how to develop an approach to the study of conflict given the many perspectives of those affected by it. The course will also discuss the ways in which conflict can transform a region.

Cross-listed with HIST 0209

Course faculty: Leila Fawaz
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP H262: A Century of Transformation: Western-Middle East Relations from the 1920s to the Present

This course will discuss the evolution of relations between the West and the Middle East as Western powers, who prior had begged for capitulations and other favors from local Middle East rulers, became the direct and indirect 'great powers' of the region, at different times throughout the 20th century. First as outsiders seeking special favors from local dynasts, Westerners evolved as partners who soon rapidly took over power throughout much of the Middle East, along the way turning their war allies effectively into their subjects. How nationalists responded to these changes and how the 20th and early 21st centuries adjusted to the new world order is part of the story. This is a research-based class in which students will learn to better examine how historical conflicts and life under occupation shape identity, and how to develop a thematic approach to viewing identities through a historical lens.

Course faculty: Leila Fawaz
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP H270: The United States and East Asia

An examination of the American experience in China, Japan, and Korea, from the centuries of sporadic encounter between the two distinctly disparate and seemingly antithetical worlds of Euro-America and Northeast Asia to the aftermath of the end of the Pacific War. Focus on the late nineteenth century, when mutual images begin to take form and the evolving pattern of the unequal relationship during the first half of the twentieth century. Topics include East Asian cultural traditions, Christianity, imperialism, wars, and modernization. Emphasis on ideas, national mythologies, and images.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP H271: Foreign Relations of Modern China, 1644 to the Present

This course is a survey of China’s foreign relations from the Qing dynasty to the present. Topics include geography, warfare, diplomacy, trade, cultural exchange, and the connections between past and present. Lectures followed by discussion.

Course faculty: Sulmaan Khan
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P201 Comparative Politics

This course is designed to introduce students to the study of comparative politics. The first two weeks of the course will familiarize students with the type of questions that comparative political scientists tackle and the methodological tools that they employ. This week will also concentrate on issues such as concept formation and theory development. The rest of the course will be structured around key research areas in the field of comparative politics such as state formation, nationalism, constitutional structure of states, origins and persistence of political regimes, emergence of political parties and voting, religion and politics, political culture, and political violence.

Course faculty: Katrina Burgess
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P202M Security Sector Reform: Conceptual and Contextual Debates in Peacebuilding

This module is an in-depth primer on the conceptual underpinnings and the record of implementation of security sector reform (SSR) over the past 20 years. The course begins with a brief overview of the historical and theoretical foundations of the field and frequent debates raised by the community of practitioners as well as critics. The course is organized around the SSR model as defined by Jane Chanaa across four dimensions: political, institutional, societal, and economic. Classes will explore the conceptual definitions, institutions and actors, and lessons learned within each dimension and apply the model to case studies. Students will compare SSR implementation when led by the local government, the United Nations, regional organizations, and/or outside states including the United Kingdom and the United States. The course closes with the students’ assessment of the SSR as a conceptual tool for peace building and prospects for its future evolution in practice.

Course faculty: Abigail Linnington
Credits/Units: 1.5

DHP P203 Analytic Frameworks for International Public Policy Decisions

Introduction to the basic tools of policy analysis and decision making, providing students with analytic skills to make policy decisions in many types of organizations. The course includes an introduction to public policy objectives, decision making, and the role of analysis. Students then learn powerful analytic decision-making techniques, including decision trees, Bayes theorem, utility theory, prospect theory, game theory, benefit-cost analysis, and tipping models. Case studies are used to learn the policy analysis tools while applying them to real world policy problems. Cases come from developed and developing countries, and cover many different policy fields. No background in economics or statistics is required.

Course faculty: Carolyn Gideon
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P204 Women in National Security

This seminar examines key issues in national security and global affairs through the lens of gender, placing a specific emphasis on the role of women in peace, war, intelligence, and governance. After grounding gender analysis in international relations theory, the seminar proceeds with three sections. The first section focuses on women in governance. In this section, we focus on women leaders, including those who have served as heads of state (including during times of war), as well as in parliaments around the world. What are some of the stereotypes of women leaders and the challenges they confront in rising to the top? Do women differ from men in such leadership positions? Would state interactions be more peaceful and our lives more secure if women ran the world? The seminar then moves from women in governance to the second broad section: women in warfare. In this section, two characterizations rise to the forefront: women as victims during conflict, including from displacement, sexual violence, and the disruption of everyday life, and then women as combatants during conflict, including in the armed forces, resistance movements, and terrorist organizations. The final section of the seminar examines a range of select topics related to Women and National Security. We explore women as builders of peace through peace accords and post-conflict reconstruction; the experiences of women serving in the Intelligence Services; the day-to-day practical realities confronting women with careers in global affairs; and how men can serve as agents of change for equality.

DHP P205 National Security Decision-making: Theory and Practice

Examines national security decision-making from both a theoretical perspective and from its execution in practice. The class focuses on how national security decisions are made rather than on the theories of international relations or the substantive content of national security or foreign policies. It begins with the history of the U.S. National Security Council, and an overview of the current structures, actors, and processes in the U.S. system of national security decision-making. Next, the course examines theoretical models of decision-making including cognitive biases, organizational processes, bureaucratic politics, how senior leaders often use history and analogies in their decisions, and the influence of domestic politics. The course also explores the roles of the Departments of State and Defense, the intelligence community, the influence of Congress and the media as well as the prospects for national security reform. Students are asked to analyze historical case studies and current events considering the broad themes covered throughout the semester. Emphasis throughout the course is placed on the national security decision-making system of the United States, however, participants are strongly encouraged to examine the systems and actors of other states and multinational organizations.

Course faculty: Abigail Linnington
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P206M Maritime Security

Maritime security is a constant fixture in security headlines. Ranging from territorial disputes in the South China Sea to piracy near strategic chokepoints, maritime security challenges are varied and complex. This course seeks to unravel these challenges by examining the basic foundations of maritime security. These include the key technologies and technological trends which affect maritime security, the role of Great Powers, the importance of chokepoints, and future of non-state actors. Students taking this course will emerge with a nuanced understanding of security challenges in the maritime domain and knowledge of maritime terminology used by practitioners in the field.

Course faculty: Rockford Weitz
Credits/Units: 1.5

DHP P207 GIS for International Applications

This course introduces students to the use of geospatial technologies, data, and analysis focusing on applications in the international context. The course gives primary emphasis to the use of geographic information systems (GIS) for data creation, mapping, and analysis. It will also cover the use of global positioning systems (GPS) for field data collection and mapping; cartography for high quality visualization; and the use of map mash-ups and crowd sourcing in the international arena. Final projects are large-format poster info-graphics. More detailed course information is available at: https://wikis.uit.tufts.edu/confluence/display/GISINT/Home. Enrollment limited to 24 students.

Course faculty: Patrick Florance
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P208 Current Topics in International Relations and Security Policy

This course examines core issues in international relations and security policy. It aims to give students a fundamental understanding of physical security and to address the broader dimensions of security and threats to human security in light of the contemporary challenges around the use of force and violence faced by states and citizens. We will investigate whether the nature of violence has changed such that states and citizens have had to reassess how to respond. For example, since the end of the Cold War, the locus of security threats has shifted. No longer is the only and greatest threat to security great powers tilting against one another but now the threat rests in dynamics within and across states by actors with global reach. Saying this, however, does not imply that dynamics between states no longer matter for global security. We live in an unprecedented era in which not only states but also individuals and groups of individuals can do great harm to global peace and security. Just consider the digital revolution and cyber security or transnational networks and jihadists. As we know from research on armed conflict, organized political violence has been declining, particularly interstate war, and trends indicate that people dying from war has also declined. Moreover, events of the past three decades have impressed upon scholars and policy-makers alike that the problem of fragile and failed states and internal war are no longer peripheral issues that can be ignored, as they are often at the center of major shifts in world affairs. Recent events in Syria, South Sudan, Nigeria, Libya, Iraq, and Ukraine demonstrate that fragile states and those states experiencing civil war pose serious threats to international stability through the overflow of violence, the mass migration of refugees, the disruption of trade, and the potential for terrorist network sanctuaries. Never before has the threat environment been so varied and the nature of violence so dispersed. Furthermore, we have come to understand that security is more than just physical and that issues of identity, justice, and societal well-being are core elements of security that also require consideration. Finally, we will examine the data-driven nature of existing research but acknowledge its limitations. The course will consider human rights and military intervention as well as the conditions under which external actors might intervene in the affairs of other states and the difficulties associated with decisions to intervene.

Course faculty: Monica Duffy Toft
Credits/Units: 1.5

DHP P209M Demography and National Security

Demography is a critical factor in explaining the stability of states, it is often missed by both policymakers and academics until it is too late. Why is it missed? Policy makers tend to be focused on immediate crises and events, while population change happens over the longer term, in slow motion. Academics tend to favor immediate and direct causal factors in explaining political instability, war and state death. How demography impacts societies and politics is too complex and too messy for contemporary analysis that tends to emphasize the search for causality through formal modeling and statistical methods. This course seeks to remedy these oversights by providing an introduction to key concepts and trends related to the study of populations and what it means to international and states’ national security. While demographers ask and answer questions such as ‘how many people, of what kind, and where?’ (facts of change); and ‘why did this come about?’ (determinants of change), international relations and national security experts need to understand why this matters (consequences of change). The goal is to build an understanding that enables scholars to better inform policy makers, and policy makers to be better prepared to grasp the opportunities and ameliorate the risks that demographic changes present.

Course faculty: Monica Duffy Toft
Credits/Units: 1.5

DHP P210 Research Design and Methodology

This course covers the basics of research design and methods in political science. The first part of the course is devoted to developing a research question, constructing testable theories, understanding the advantages of quantitative and qualitative methods, and concept formation. The second part of the course focuses on specific research methods (historical analysis, statistical methods, field research, archival research, and experiments) and their relative strengths and weaknesses. The final section of the course addresses the ways in which scholars combine different methods to study political phenomena. Open to PhD students only or with permission of instructor.

Enrollment limited to PhD students.

Course faculty: Monica Duffy Toft
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P212M Political Economy of the Global Arms Trade

The arms industry and trade sits at the intersection of global economics, security, and politics. Access to armaments, whether domestically produced or imported, is necessary for states and armed groups to develop military capability; thus the arms industry and trade is a key instrument of state policy and international relations. At the same time, the arms industry is an economic enterprise, in most countries a private, profit-seeking one. It depends on general national economic, industrial and technological development, and is often seen—debatably—as an important source of industrialization, jobs, and trade. But military spending, including arms acquisition, carries an opportunity cost, and how states choose to allocate limited resources between civilian and military priorities is the outcome of numerous economic, political and security factors.

Credits/Units: 1.5

DHP P213 Religion and Politics

This course is designed to introduce the students to the study of the relationship between religion and politics. The course will be structured around key research areas in the field such as the conditions under which societies or the institutions that govern them become secularized, the emergence and persistence of the religious-secular divide as a salient political cleavage, the relationship between regime type and religion, the potential implications of religious doctrines for public policy and economic outcomes, the causes of religious violence, as well as the historical and contemporary role of religion in the international sphere.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P214 Gender Theory and Praxis

This course provides a foundation in key theories and frameworks for understanding gender issues across disciplines. Drawing on key texts from the fields of anthropology, philosophy, post-colonial theory, women’s and gender studies, feminist theory, international relations, development economics, environmental studies and beyond, students will explore the role of gender and gender relations across the spheres of social, cultural, political, economic and religious life. The course syllabus seeks to capture the diversity of identities and viewpoints that are reflected in theoretical conversations about gender. While many of these debates are commonly discussed with reference to international studies, this course will also wade into the realm of the domestic, exploring how gender theories manifest in reproduction, labor, and peacetime relationships. Discussions will draw out intersectional themes and invite students to reflect on how to apply these theories and approaches to issues of race, social class, and other dimensions of identity and privilege.

Course faculty: Kimberly Theidon
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P215 Nuclear Weapons and Great Powers Competition

The seminar offers an in-depth analysis of selected nuclear issues that today top the U.S. nuclear agenda. The course seeks to explain the genesis and the evolution of these issues and to examine and debate the appropriateness of current policies. The course offers both theoretical and policy perspectives on these issues so as to encourage students to experiment with different theoretical lenses and to familiarize themselves with the constraints and limits of policy formulation in the face of complex and pressing dilemmas.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P216 Research and Writing in the Global Political Economy

The goal of this seminar is to introduce students to the process of writing research papers on topics in global political economy (GPE). We will examine how domestic and international politics influence the economic relations between states, and vice versa. The course is intended to introduce students to research design and guide them in selecting a capstone research question and methodology. The course objectives are – 1) introduce seminal theoretical debates and research approaches in global political economy 2) develop skills in critical reading and writing 3) to apply the logic of the scientific method 4) to have students develop a research proposal that can ultimately be the foundation of their Capstone Project.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P217 Global Political Economy

What determines the direction, magnitude, governance, and fluctuation of international economic exchange? This course surveys the theories and issue areas of the global political economy, both in the current day and in the past. Different analytical models are presented to explain the variations in economic exchange over time. The issue areas that will be examined include: world trade, monetary orders, global finance, and foreign investment. Current topics that will be covered include: the effects of the 2007-2008 financial crisis, the rise of the BRIC economies, the future of the dollar, and the future of global economic governance.

Course faculty: Daniel Drezner
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P218 Global Political Economy: Comparative and Critical Perspectives

The goal of this course is to introduce students to the social-scientific study of global political economy (GPE). We will critically examine how domestic and international politics influence economic relations between states, and vice versa. The course is organized into three sections. The first section draws the students into the study and broader history of GPE and introduces the theoretical framework(s). The second part of the course focuses on three dominant policy domains: International Trade, Finance and Investment. The remainder of the course covers a selection of contemporary, empirical phenomena that arise as political forces intervene in economic decision-making and/or economic constraints shape political outcomes.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P219 Political Economy of Development

This class offers a survey of some of the key debates and issues in the political economy of development. First, we examine alternative approaches to development and how they have informed policies in developing countries since the 1950s. Second, we compare different patterns of interaction among the state, political parties, interest groups, and civil society and examine how they have affected development outcomes. Third, we address current topics such as the rise of China and India, new approaches to poverty alleviation, and the impact of global financial crises on developing countries.

Course faculty: Katrina Burgess
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P220 Understanding Mass Atrocities

The study and development of policy related to “genocide” and mass atrocities are highly contested in terms of the universe of cases, key definitions, and thresholds of violence that should trigger action. This course provides an overview of the debates by introducing the key concepts, contexts and policies related to mass atrocities. Beginning with the introduction of the term “genocide,” we will explore a range of terminologies and frameworks for defining and explaining mass violence against civilians.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P221 Memory Politics: Truth, Justice, and Redress

Analyzes the relationship between memory and social reconciliation, and the role that theories of truth, justice and redress play in this equation. We begin with WWII, or more precisely its aftermath and the emergence of a series of conventions and covenants establishing human rights as a set of international laws, institutions, and norms. We trace the expansion of, and challenges to, the regime of human rights and international law by focusing on case studies that allow us to analyze war crimes tribunals, truth commissions, the burgeoning field of transitional justice, and local level forms of assessing guilt and administering justice. Our case studies this year include Rwanda, South Africa, Colombia, Guatemala, and Peru.

Course faculty: Kimberly Theidon
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P222 Development Aid in Policy and Practice

This course provides an overview of the key concepts, tools, challenges and trade-offs in the field of development aid. Students will gain an understanding of the theoretical and operational underpinnings of the current development aid system and its effects on development organizations, donors, aid workers, and the people the aid is ultimately intended to help. Students will not gain technical knowledge in education, health, infrastructure, etc., but they will learn about cross-cutting issues and approaches that appear in all fields of development cooperation: technical assistance, capacity building, participation, and conditionality among others.

Enrollment limited to 40 students

Course faculty: Elke Jahns-Harms
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P223M Political Violence

This course provides a theoretical and empirical overview of different types of political violence including interstate wars, civil wars, violence within wars and occupations, mass violence targeting groups (such as genocide and ethnic cleansing), and riots. One-half credit.

Credits/Units: 1.5

DHP P224 Cultural Capital and Development

The influence of cultural values, beliefs, and attitudes on the evolution of societies has been shunned by scholars, politicians, and development experts. It is much more common for the experts to cite geographic constraints, insufficient resources, bad policies, or weak institutions. But by avoiding values and culture, they ignore an important part of the explanation why some societies or ethno-religious groups do better than others with respect to democratic governance, social justice, and prosperity. They also ignore the possibility that progress can be accelerated by (1) analyzing cultural strengths and weaknesses, and (2) addressing cultural change as a purposive policy to apply through families, schools, churches, media, leadership, and/or the law.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P224M Cultural Capital & Development

The influence of cultural values, beliefs, and attitudes on the evolution of societies has been shunned by scholars, politicians, and development experts. It is much more common for the experts to cite geographic constraints, insufficient resources, bad policies, or weak institutions. But by avoiding values and culture, they ignore an important part of the explanation why some societies or ethno-religious groups do better than others with respect to democratic governance, social justice, and prosperity. They also ignore the possibility that progress can be accelerated by (1) analyzing cultural strengths and weaknesses, and (2) addressing cultural change as a purposive policy to apply through families, schools, churches, media, leadership, and/or the law.

Credits/Units: 1.5

DHP P225M Design, Monitoring and Evaluation

Provides a practical introduction to three of the main elements of the program cycle beginning with theories that underpin program design, then discussing monitoring for decision making, learning and accountability, the course ends with program evaluation from the perspective of an implementing actor or donor. The course focuses on the processes related to DME and applies them across development and humanitarian spheres.

Course enrollment limited to 35 students

Credits/Units: 1.5

DHP P226M Evaluation of Peacebuilding and Development for Practitioners and Donors

The course provides an in-depth, practical preparation for those seeking to be practitioners or donors in the final stage of the program cycle; evaluation. The core concepts will be applied primarily to international development and peacebuilding programming. This practical course should be taken by any student wishing to work in the development or peacebuilding field. Open to students who have completed P225m. Note: P226m is a prerequisite for P228m.

Credits/Units: 1.5

DHP P228M Advanced Evaluation and Learning in International Organizations

This advanced module is key for students who wish to develop the full-package of skills and concepts expected of professionals working in development and peacebuilding. At the end of this class, students will have a working knowledge of the key evaluation designs, approaches and tools; the ability to evaluate existing evaluations for adequacy of the design and quality; a clear picture of the link between evaluation and learning; and an overview of the latest strategies and challenges in creating learning organizations. Introduction to DME is a prerequisite to take this course.

Credits/Units: 1.5

DHP P229 Governance and Interest Groups: Comparative and International Perspectives

The course focuses on the crucial interface of governance and interests, aiming to explore the role of interest groups in today’s political systems. The course tackles the role of interests in governance in everyday, routine politics, as well as in cases of dramatic political change and upheaval. Interest groups are a major channel through which citizens express their views to decision-makers and impact policy. At the same time, interest groups may often help shape and direct the interest they are supposed to represent.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P230 Design, Monitoring and Evaluation of Programs in Resource-Limited Settings

In international development, donors, policymakers, program implementers, and end-users all have a significant investment in understanding to what extent a program or intervention works, for whom, and why or why not. To answer these questions we turn to evaluation research. This course focuses on the practice of program monitoring and evaluation in resource-limited settings. A central focus in program evaluation is causality: how do we identify the causal effects of a program or intervention and rule out other explanations for observed outcomes? How do we explain the potential influence of setting and context on the outcomes? Students will learn to conceptualize the entire evaluation process from engaging with stakeholders during the initial stages of program development through designing rigorous mixed-methods evaluation studies informed by the real-world challenges. Students will work in teams, choose an existing program or intervention, and design a realistic process and outcome evaluation proposal using a mixture of quantitative and qualitative methods.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P231 International Communication

The course covers international communication from three perspectives: its governance, its many-dimensional relationship with governments, and policy issues. Students explore different theories and examples of how different types of communication content and technology interact with sovereignty, politics, security, international relations, culture, and development. The course provides the foundations of this field with a structural approach. Topics covered include freedom of speech, global media and international journalism, public diplomacy, propaganda, media in democracies and totalitarian states, media influence on foreign policy, digital divide, intellectual property, privacy, convergence, security, media and political conflict and economic development.

Course faculty: Carolyn Gideon
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P232 Communications Policy Analysis and Modeling

Students will learn the important political and economic characteristics of communication policy and markets, and will practice using basic analytic tools through case studies and examples from different countries to enhance their understanding of communication policy issues. Students will study the general background and trends in communication policy in different parts of the world. This is followed by in-depth exploration of several issues of telecommunications policy, media policy, and policy issues of the Internet and newer technologies. Open to students who have completed either E201 or E211 or the equivalent.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P233 International Security

This course examines the use of armed force in international affairs. You will examine theories of war and bargaining, conflict prevention and termination, post-conflict management, and the role of third parties. You will study civil wars, interstate wars, and insurgencies (including terrorism) as well as different forms of warfare, including conventional, nuclear, information, and cyber warfare. Although we will consider the nature of the state system and the structure of the international order from a historical perspective, special attention will be paid to the post-Cold War era.

Course faculty: Monica Duffy Toft
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P234 The Arts of Communication

Today’s leaders must have the ability not only to analyze thoughtfully but also to communicate clearly and persuasively. This full semester course is intended to turn you into a significantly more persuasive and effective public speaker—someone who speaks with the ease, confidence, clarity, and modes of persuasion that are critical in today’s corporate, nonprofit, policy, and diplomacy worlds. We will cover a range of speaking scenarios, from podium speeches on values to simulations of a press conference or media interview on camera. The course is intended to help you develop your own personal style by deepening your understanding of the persuasive tools, recommendations, refutations, modes of analysis, and variations in audiences that motivate listeners to turn business, policy and diplomacy ideas into action. The full semester course will take a deeper and wider dive into the world of public speaking relative to the module course, and include sessions on debating, ceremonial speeches, as well as more detailed sessions on facing the camera and press, impromptu speaking, and elevator pitching. Approximately one-half of the course will be devoted to classes that introduce students to strategies of spoken communication and to models of public presentation. The other half will consist of speech delivery sessions in which students will hone their skills in public speaking.

Additional faculty: Larry Quartana
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P235 Technology and Public Policy

Throughout history, technology has played a fundamental role in shaping international affairs by serving as one of the principal drivers for cooperation, competition, and war among communities, societies, and nation-states. Advances in S&T have always been driven by man’s concurrent aspiration for progress and peace and primacy and domination. And in all ages, technologies inevitably brought about extraordinary benefits and daunting risks of weaponization and misuse. This class while trying to make sense of the contradictions, challenges and promises of technology, seeks to encourage students to think critically about these issues. Ultimately, this class hopes to contribute to create a new global generation of analysts and decision-makers prepared to manage the many facets of the future technological revolutions.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P236 Cyber in the Civilian Sector: Threats and Upheavals

There is a myth that the Internet erases borders. But as Internet companies’ ability to place localized ads show, that’s false. What’s more accurate is that the Internet complicates a nation’s ability to control of the flow of information within its borders. (This is not a new challenge for sovereign nations; consider the telegraph.) This fluidity has created great economic opportunity and simplified trans-border access, the latter potentially threatening security and other basic state functions. With bits increasingly controlling the world around us, the Digital Revolution poses a highly disruptive threat. In this course, we’ll explore cyber clashes in the civilian sec-tor: from jurisdictional issues and the challenges posed by new technologies to criminal activities and impacts on civil infrastructures.

*limited to 20 Fletcher students

Course faculty: Josephine Wolff
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P237 Privacy in the Digital Age

This module will provide an introduction to the threats to and protections for privacy in the digital age, examining public and private sector threats, and looking at issues from an international point of view. Topics to be covered include privacy threat models, location tracking and first and third party collection by private parties, government threats to privacy, and privacy protective technologies. No programming background needed, but a willingness and interest to play with digital tools is required.

Course faculty: Josephine Wolff, Susan Landau
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P238/ILO L238: Technology, Development, and Regulation

A so-called ‘digital revolution’ is beginning to sweep across the developing world. This revolution is creating new innovations in manufacturing, payment systems, agriculture, transport, and other sectors. There is great demand for policymakers and advisors who can design regulation, policies and other rules to effectively regulate these innovations into the 21st century. This course aims to assist students to take a leading role in designing such rules. Many of these innovations are so new that we cannot copy and paste regulatory solutions from developed countries. Instead, ‘new thinking’ is required. This course will teach students about different regulatory approaches in relation to these new innovations. Students will learn about regulatory theory and how it interrelates with technology and international development. Students will be better placed to assume leadership roles in the increasingly digitized 21st century world, particularly in developing and emerging economies.

Course is crosslisted in the DHP and ILO divisions.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P239 Nuclear Deterrence in the 21st Century

The Global Nuclear Order is changing in dramatic ways. Evolving and emerging military technologies are increasingly undermining nuclear and conventional deterrence. Norms – such as nuclear nonproliferation and nuclear non-use are weakening. Growing geopolitical tensions among nuclear weapons states have prompted all nuclear players to expand and modernize their arsenal and adopt assertive nuclear posture lenient towards a more explicit use of nuclear warheads in warfare. The principle of nuclear deterrence, once the cornerstone of the current nuclear order, is today eroding as new scenarios for “limited nuclear wars” enter into the mainstream policy debate. This course seeks to provide students with an in-depth understanding of the many dilemmas that a changing nuclear order raise. The course concentrates predominantly on the issues that the United States will have to confront in a nuclear multipolar world. However, we will dedicate a few lectures also to explore potential escalation pathways to nuclear use in regional theaters around the world including Europe, Northeast and South Asia and the Gulf Region.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P240 The Role of Force in International Politics

This core International Security Studies course presents an examination of the role of force as an instrument of statecraft. Topics covered include: 1) military power and the role of force in contemporary world politics; 2) the causes of war and the moral/ethical constraints on armed violence; 3) instruments and purposes of coercion force: military power and strategic non-violent action; 4) national security policy formation and process; 5) the modes and strategies of military power (nuclear, conventional, internal conflict); 6) the structure of the post-Cold War and post-9/11 international security environment.

Course faculty: Richard Shultz
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P241 Policy and Strategy in the Origins, Conduct, and Termination of War

This course employs case studies to assess enduring principles of war and their role in defending a nation’s interests and objectives. The works of three military strategists and four political theorists are examined to develop an analytical framework for assessing the origins, conduct, and termination of war. This framework is employed to analyze six major historical conflicts: the Peloponnesian War; the Wars of Revolutionary and Napoleonic France; the American Civil War; World War I; World War II; the French-Indo-China War/U.S. war in Vietnam.

Course faculty: Richard Shultz
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P242 Proliferation- Counterproliferation and Homeland Security Issues

The 21st-century proliferation setting; alternative approaches to threat reduction; international negotiations and agreements including the Non-Proliferation Treaty; the International Atomic Energy Agency, the Missile Technology Control Regime, the Chemical Weapons Convention, the Open Skies Treaty, the Biological Weapons Convention, and the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty; approaches to nonproliferation and counterproliferation; issues of homeland security; coping with the effects of weapons of mass destruction; cyber war; technology transfer; the nuclear fuel cycle; the fissile material problem; cooperative security; compliance, verification, and on-site inspection; missile defense; negotiating strategies, styles, objectives, asymmetries, and techniques.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P243 Internal Conflicts and War

Instability, conflict, and irregular warfare within states due to burgeoning challenges posed by armed groups have proliferated in number and importance since the Cold War ended. With the spread of globalization, the technological shrinking of the world and interdependence of states and regions, these internal/transnational conflicts have taken new dimensions with far-reaching consequences. This seminar examines their patterns and evolution. Topics include examination of: the global strategic environment which armed groups exploit; the causes of internal/transnational conflict; types of armed groups, their operational patterns and strategies; and six case studies.

Course faculty: Richard Shultz
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P244 Modern Terrorism and Counterterrorism

This course examines the nature of terrorism; the spectrum of terrorist motivations, strategies, and operations; the socio-political, economic and other factors that can enable terrorist group activities; the unique threat of WMD terrorism; and the internal vulnerabilities of terrorist organizations. Students will examine current and classic research on terrorism, and explore many of the puzzles that remain unanswered. Finally, the course will analyze these critical issues within the context of policies and strategies for responding to the threat of terrorism with increasing sophistication and success.

Course faculty: James Forest
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P246M Civil Resistance

Offers an in-depth primer on civil (nonviolent) resistance waged by ordinary people to bring about substantive political, economic, and/or social change. The course begins with a brief history of nonviolent struggle over the last century, the theoretical foundations of resistance, and common misperceptions. The course then turns to the historical record to study how and why nonviolent resistance movements succeed at double the rate of armed struggles even when waged against oppressive regimes. Students learn several of the core skills taught by practitioners and leading academics in assessment, strategy and planning, tactics, mass mobilization, and organization, and apply these frameworks to case studies throughout the course. Next, the course examines the dynamics that often emerge within nonviolent struggle such as how violent repression can backfire, how to maintain resilience and discipline within the movement, and the role of external actors and assistance. The course ends with students’ assessment of several ongoing civil resistance movements and the prospects for achieving enduring political, economic, or social change.

Course faculty: Abigail Linnington
Credits/Units: 1.5

DHP P248 Strategy and Grand Strategy: Theory, Art and Practice

This course aims to build students’ understanding of the theory and practice of strategy and grand strategy and their influence on policy. It is a course designed for practitioners in which students are asked to think critically and creatively about today’s geopolitical environment, potential strategies, their implementation and their consequences. The course begins by examining the nature of strategy and how it is defined across the literature. It explores the historic origins and modern foundations of the field, introduces the concepts of power and statecraft, and considers critiques of strategic planning. Next, the course turns to a discussion of strategic art - the assessment, formulation, and implementation of strategy including the use of diplomatic, economic, and military tools of statecraft. The course concludes by considering the influences of culture, national values, and institutions on contemporary cases of strategy in the United States, China, Russia, and the NATO Alliance. Emphasis throughout the course is primarily focused on nation-state behavior but students are strongly encouraged to apply the course frameworks to other actors in the international system including intergovernmental organizations, non-governmental organizations, the private sector, and other non-state actors.

Course faculty: Abigail Linnington
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P249 International Cyber Conflict

As a domain and instrument of competition and conflict, cyber space enables a range of global actors—including dissidents, terrorist organizations, and states with varying levels of offensive and defensive cyber capabilities—to assert influence, project power, and conduct activities in the increasingly ambiguous areas between war and peace. This course will explore the role of cyberspace in international conflict, including through the use of espionage, disinformation campaigns, and attacks; the course will examine the policies, strategies, and governance structures of key actors that operate within the cyber domain. We will also study why the development of international norms in cyberspace has proved so elusive.

Course faculty: Susan Landau
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P250 Environmental Problem Solving

Familiarizes students with global environmental problems – and solutions – facing the international community today. Global environmental problems can be thought of as a problem that has entered into the attention of governments, scientific communities, non-governmental organizations, and the public. Often these are complex, multi-faceted issues that are significant enough to be addressed by the global international community. While many of these issues can exist at multiple scales, our focus in this class will be on the international scale. The course is divided into two main sections: Foundations for Environmental Problem Solving and Environmental Problems and Solutions. The first section considers what environmental problems are, as well as the policy and quantitative tools used for addressing various environmental problems. Once there is a common foundation for discussing environmental problems, the course uses the framework of the Sustainable Development Goals to consider several global environmental problems. Through these discussions, we will explore the significant aspects of an environmental problem, some of its dominant solutions, as well as tools and skills that can contribute to solving the problem. This course aims to cover a breadth of environmental problems and policies to serve as a foundation for further exploration of these topics in other Fletcher courses.

Course faculty: Melissa McCracken
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P251 Energy, Entrepreneurship & Finance

Driven by environmental factors, technology and market conditions, opportunities abound in areas related to conventional and new energy, which is represented by renewables and new technologies. This course examines the role that entrepreneurship, policy and financing taken together play in driving change that impacts traditional energy sources and results new energy opportunities. Energy entrepreneurship and financing together will support and create new infrastructure and require new energy paradigms on both the supply and demand side. The class will meld policy, strategy, finance and entrepreneurship in order to build a coherent framework for integrating conventional and new energy with a focus on both business and the environment. DHP P254 is recommended but not required.

Course faculty: Barbara Kates-Garnick
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P252 Global Water Security Perspectives

This is a seminar-style course to introduce students to the concept of water security. Water security is a relatively new term in the field of water science and policy, and it is a concept with multiple interpretations. One definition by the Global Water Partnership is “Water Security, at any level from the household to the global, means that every person has access to enough safe water at an affordable cost to lead a clean, healthy, and productive life while ensuring that the natural environment is protected and enhanced.” Since the early 2000s, the term has been used in increasing popularity often as justification or informing technical or policy solutions to the world’s water challenges. How the term is applied in these situations depends on its interpretation, making a solid understanding of the underlying concepts of water security important for decision-makers. Ultimately, water security is a concept that allows us to consider the risks associated with water, such as the risk of a lack of access, risk of poor quality, or risk of flood, and to develop solutions to address these risks, thereby ensuring one’s water security. However, water security is often conflated with the idea of securitization, which has the potential to encourage a securitized approach to water resources management, when interdependence and cooperation are often what is needed to ensure water security for all. This course will take a deep dive into the main concepts and theories underlying the term water security. We will use the Web of Water Security (Zeitoun 2011) as a framework for understanding how water relates to climate, energy, food, human, and national securities, plus consider the economics of water and address environmental water needs. This course aims to help students build an understanding of water security as a concept so that they can use it as a tool to evaluate and inform sustainable and equitable water solutions to the global water crisis we are currently facing.

Course faculty: Melissa McCracken
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P253 Sustainable Development Diplomacy

Sustainable development diplomacy course examines how to integrate economic, environmental and social equity goals in foreign policy-making. It discusses the emergence of sustainable development as a concept and international institutions and negotiation processes that facilitate its implementation. Focusing on climate, water and forest diplomacy, we address a range of themes including UN climate negotiations, climate finance, environmental refugees, public-private cooperation, and water governance. The course also analyzes China and BRICS-led approaches to sustainable development and their new banks. It offers insights from practice, trainings in mutual gains negotiations and complex UN multiparty negotiations. Students develop expertise in policy analysis and planning, strategic thinking and feedback management.

Course faculty: Mihaela Papa
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P254 Climate Change Policy and Law

This course provides an overview of the scientific, economic, political and ethical dimensions of the challenge of global climate change. It then focuses on developing a detailed understanding of whether and how the international “climate change regime” (comprising the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Paris Agreement, and related instruments) has effectively and fairly addressed the challenge of reducing global greenhouse gas emissions. Students will develop an in-depth understanding of how the international climate change regime has put in place principles, goals and commitments to cut global emissions, as well as institutions, market and financial instruments, and transparency and accountability mechanisms to keep governments on track to meet their obligations. By participating in simulated negotiations on key elements of the Paris Agreement, students will gain a deeper appreciation of the geopolitics and the processes that have shaped the climate change regime. Finally, a series of case studies will assess how different national and regional jurisdictions have been implementing the international regime through their domestic law and policy, and assess whether these differences in approach are likely to lead to more cooperation or conflict in areas such as trade and investment policy.

Additional faculty: Jacob Werkman
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P255 International Energy Policy

Energy affects every dimension of human society and it is crucial for economic prosperity. Energy is at the heart of economic development strategies, national security challenges, and intractable environmental problems. This review course maps how challenges and opportunities differ among countries, exploring basic differences between industrialized and developing countries. The policies of major energy producers and consumers are compared. The focus is on oil and gas, but renewable energy sources are also considered. Topics include: energy and the world economy, the geopolitics of oil and gas, energy markets, energy policy and economic development, climate change, technological change and the future of energy.

Course faculty: Kelly Sims Gallagher
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P256 Innovation for Sustainable Prosperity

Innovation is the main source of economic growth and improvements in productivity, is a key lever for catalyzing development, reducing environmental harm, improving human health and well-being, and enhances national security. This seminar explores the nature of technology, theories and “stylized facts” about innovation processes, and how to think about innovation systems. A major focus is policy for innovation. Topics include national innovation systems, management of risks, global change, actors and institutions, social innovation, private vs. public, education, cross-country comparisons, competitiveness, technology transfer and diffusion, learning and “catch-up”, IPR’s, and leapfrogging. Case studies are used to understand each topic.

Course faculty: Kelly Sims Gallagher
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P258 Applied Research for Sustainable Development

This course primarily consists of experiential learning through applied group research projects for clients. Students will spend the bulk of the semester conducting two projects for leading development organizations in teams of two to five. In 2015, the clients were the Overseas Development Institute, the World Bank, and the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs. At the beginning of the term, lectures will be conducted on the process conducting rigorous-yet applied research. We will discuss the development of testable hypotheses, the acquisition of appropriate data for hypothesis testing, the art of policy analysis, techniques for effective team research, and writing policy memos that are both technically sound and persuasive. Open to students who have completed at least one of the following courses: DHP P250; EIB B284; DHP P257; DHP P254 ; DHP P255; EIB E243; EIB E247; EIB E213 and/or EIB E246. Students interested in taking this course but who have not taken one of the pre-requisite courses MUST seek permission of the instructor.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P259 Water Policy and Governance

Every day, multiple times a day, you interact with freshwater. Yet, how often do you think about the policies and management practices in place that bring clean, fresh water to your tap? For most of us, particularly those in the United States and other industrialized countries, we seldom think about it –it is almost a resource we can take for granted, knowing it will be there when we turn the tap. However, for much of the world, this is not the case. This course will ask you to dive deeper (pun intended) into the policies, governance, and management practices that ensures water is in the tap, as well as those that may limit the access and availability of water. We will look at the broad topic of water policy and governance from a multiscalar lens, focusing on the subnational and international scales. The course is divided into three sections: 1) water foundations, 2) subnational policies and governance, and 3) international policy and governance. This course is open to those without experience with freshwater as a resource, and the first section provides a common foundation and language to further our discussion. The next section on subnational policies and governance will explore core issue areas affecting decision-making for the governance and management of water resources at the subnational level. We will close by adding complexity and scaling the discussion to the international scale. At this scale, the course explores the influence of international water law and politics on the governance of transboundary waters. Students will practice developing policies at the national level and negotiating agreements over the sharing of transboundary water resources.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P260 Islam and the West

Going beyond the simplistic notion of a great civilization divide, this course puts the categories ‘Islam’ and ‘the West’ under the spotlight of historical and comparative analysis. After providing some essential background, the course concentrates on the colonial and postcolonial encounter between Muslim and Western societies and polities with special, but not exclusive reference to the South Asian subcontinent. Organized along historical and thematic lines, the course focuses on the overlapping domains of culture and politics, thought and practice, to elucidate aspects of dialogue, tension, and confrontation between the worlds of Islam and the West.

Course faculty: Ayesha Jalal
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P262 Contemporary South Asia

(Cross-listed w/ HIST 145) Organized along both historical and thematic lines, the course surveys politics, economy, and society in late colonial India and offers a comparative historical analysis of state structures and political processes in post-colonial South Asia, particularly India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. Among the themes considered are the reasons for the partition of 1947, the nature of the colonial legacy, the origins of democracy and military authoritarianism, history of development, the shifting balance between central and regional power, the ongoing clash between so-called secular and religiously informed ideologies, and the impact on interstate relations in the subcontinent.

Course faculty: Ayesha Jalal
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P263 Civil Wars: Theory and Policy

Introduces students to the analytical and comparative study of large-scale, organized violence within states. Historical and contemporary civil wars will be analyzed from a variety of perspectives, and prominent cases such as former Yugoslavia and contemporary Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Sudan and Syria will be discussed. The course will address the role of resources, grievances, religion, nationalism, interstate dimensions (including refugee flows and repatriation), external intervention, and conflict resolution. The course aims to provide students with solid theoretical and historical foundations, and to highlight the difficult policy dilemmas associated with civil wars. By the end of the course, students will be well prepared to think through policy options in the prevention and resolution of civil wars.

Course faculty: Monica Duffy Toft
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P264 Artificial Intelligence: Algorithms, Ethics, and Policy

Artificial intelligence algorithms are designed to assist human decision-making processes ranging from driving, medical diagnoses, and language translation to criminal sentencing, drone targeting, and fraud detection. Each application area where machine learning is applied raises complicated ethical and legal issues of bias, oversight, privacy, accountability, and liability for these algorithms and the resulting automated decision-making they implement. This course aims to introduce students to the technical underpinnings of artificial intelligence so that they can better understand the range of policy options for addressing these issues. Each session will focus on a particular application area of AI and include roughly an hour of discussion of the technical implementation of how machine learning algorithms work in that area—what parameters they use, what data sets they are trained on, what kinds of decisions they make and how—followed by an hour of discussion of the policy and ethical considerations that those algorithms raise and how they might be addressed.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P265 21st Century Intelligence and National Security Seminar

21st century challenges to U.S. intelligence are being influenced by two different security and conflict contexts. The first appeared in the immediate aftermath of 9/11. As peacetime turned into wartime, intelligence institutions were tasked with combating new threats posed by transnational, decentralized and networked armed groups. This had a significant impact on the kinds of intelligence methods and capabilities that were could meet these challenges, which differed from those employed against 20th century state threats. The second context is what has been characterized as the new era of “great-power competition.” For U.S. intelligence agencies this means that states will be the predominant target in years ahead, relegating nonstate armed groups to a secondary concern.

To meet the challenges emanating from each of these security contexts, the U.S. intelligence community (IC) has sought to adapt how intelligence is collected, analyzed, and disseminated, as well as how it is employed as an instrument to help achieve policy objectives. A major theme running through the seminar will be to examine how U.S. intelligence has sought to make the necessary changes to adapt to these different challenges, and the extent to which the practices of the 21st century IC have been and will be affected by dramatic technological changes that may result in a revolution in intelligence affairs (RIA).

Course faculty: Richard Shultz
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P266 The Islamic World

This course aims to explain those aspects of the Islamic world—history, politics, economics, society, legal systems, business practices—that are necessary to conduct business or political negotiations in a number of countries. The course will discuss issues of political economy and business of the Islamic world, with a special focus on Islamic networks, business culture, oil, and issues of globalization and governance. Case studies will focus on specific companies and institutions. From a geographic standpoint, the course will focus primarily on Middle Eastern and Persian Gulf countries, although it will also include countries such as Malaysia and Pakistan.

Course faculty: Ibrahim Warde
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P267 Development in a Digital Age

For decades, a community of practice called “Information and Communication Technologies for Development” (ICT4D) has championed the use of technologies to pursue lofty aspirations like the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals. Lately, that community is reinventing itself as “Digital Development”.  This reinvention reflects additions to the underlying technologies –satellites, AI, biometric identity, etc. -- but also, a changing understanding of the roles complex digital systems play in shaping economies and societies on a crowded, warming, interconnected world. This class will examine the history, unresolved tensions, and current state of the art in Digital Development, across topics such as health, livelihoods, sustainability, financial inclusion, agriculture, trade, and more. We’ll identify key actors (from governments and development institutions to NGOs and the new internet giants), apply useful toolkits and frameworks from practice, and explore insightful theoretical perspectives from a variety of disciplines.

Course faculty: Jonathan Donner
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P268 Islam and Politics: Religion and Power in World Affairs

Islamic ideas and actors play an important part in global politics today. Their impact on political change, international security, and economic and social trends has shaped international relations in recent years. This course will trace the historical evolution of political Islam from both an international relations and a comparative politics perspective. A particular focus will be on the diversity of political Islam and on the religious factor in the “Arab Spring”. The course will also look at the role of other religions in contemporary politics.

Course faculty: Ibrahim Warde
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P269 Israeli National Security Strategy, Policy, and Decision making

Since its inception, Israel has confronted nearly unremitting hostility: repeated wars, perpetual hostilities at lower levels, the failed peace processes with the Palestinians and Syria, and even the “cold” peace with Egypt and Jordan. Israel has responded by building up disproportionate national security (NS) capabilities. The course analyses Israel's NS decision making environment, the structures and processes of its NS establishment, basic tenets of Israeli NS strategy and primary issues, such as: US-Israeli relations, Iranian challenge, Hezbollah and Hamas, the peace process, relations with regional countries and the international community. Students draft policy papers to Israeli decision makers on major issues

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P271M The Cyber Domain and U.S. National Security

It has been roughly thirty years since "cyber" threats became part of the national security discourse. And yet, despite several decades of cyber-attacks, policy documents, cyber strategies, legislation, and countless academic articles, the place of cyber in the national security curriculum remains tenuous and underdeveloped. Practitioners worry endlessly about the challenge of cyber threat and hope that cyber weapons and capabilities might provide competitive, even war-winning advantages. Scholars, analysts and students need to catch up to the reality of cyberspace as a contested domain. This course will provide students with a solid foundation for thinking clearly U.S. national security and cyber conflict, especially with other state actors. By the conclusion of the final session students should be prepared to undertake further study on cyber topics and, perhaps most important, be alert to the many myths associated with the field.

Credits/Units: 1.5

DHP P272 China's Frontiers

This seminar examines the significance of China’s frontiers for Chinese foreign policy, Asian security, and international relations. The course will move geographically, taking students from Vietnam to the South China Sea, by way of the Tibetan plateau, Central Asia, the Mongolian steppe, and the Diaoyu (or Senkaku) islands, to name a few. Students will consider the different forces that come into play in a frontier region, such as ethnicity, trade, boundary disputes, and geography. The course is multidisciplinary: students are encouraged to take advantage of perspectives from history, anthropology, political science, economics, and journalism. Students are expected to produce a 15-30 page research paper. The assignments of an annotated bibliography, a précis, and a rough draft are meant to facilitate the writing process.

Course faculty: Sulmaan Khan
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P273 The Strategic Dimensions of China's Rise

This course is built around two key questions surrounding China’s rise: How will China rise? Where will this rise take China? To address these two deceptively simple questions, this course relies on the concept of strategy. In the broadest sense, strategy is the relationship between ends and means. For the purposes of this course, strategy is understood as the nexus between a nation’s long-term goals and the various implements of national power—diplomatic, economic, military, and cultural tools—to achieve those objectives. To sharpen the analytical focus, this course focuses primarily on the “hard” dimensions of China’s national power, which encompasses such material factors as geography, resources, economic size, and military power.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P274 The Politics of the Korean Peninsula: Foreign and Inter-Korean Relations

An examination of Korea’s modern “evolution” as a state and society. Emphasis on Korea’s modern political history, from the origins and theory of statecraft in traditional Korea to the major geopolitical issues of the present day. Topics include Korea’s relations with the great powers of the North Pacific and the primacy of international relations in the Korean world: from imperialism and Japanese colonialism, partition of the Korean peninsula and the establishment of two separate Koreas, Cold War politics and the Korean War, economic development and political freedom, to inter-Korean relations.

Course faculty: Sung-Yoon Lee
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P275 North Korean State and Society

North Korea is the world world’s last major hermit society. Since the division of the Korean peninsula in 1945, South Korea has developed into one of the largest trading nations in the world with a vibrant democratic polity, while North Korea has descended into a perpetually aid-dependent state that maintains domestic control through the deification of the ruling family and operation of extensive political prisoner concentration camps. What does the future hold for North Korea? Emphasis on the Kim family continuum, strategy of brinkmanship, human rights, nuclear politics, and the implications of regime preservation or collapse.

Course faculty: Sung-Yoon Lee
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P276 Seminar on Urban Africa

The city is often used as “a device to read social change” and this seminar draws on urban scholarship and writing to explore African challenges, opportunities and contributions. There are many ways to approach the study of African cities, and this course is my personal take, as both an African and an American, a transnational who visits the continent regularly for work, play and family, and as a researcher, scholar and recent author of a book about African cities. We focus on topics I believe are crucial to our planet today: the environment, migration, economic life, governance, public health and political action. Each week we focus on a specific issue, using one or two cities as case studies, and invite guest speakers from those cities. Students are encouraged to become familiar with at least one city, to study and write about it, possibly plan to visit it, and to engage with someone living in that city. Course readings draw on African scholars and writers as much as possible, from both the humanities and social sciences.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P277 Introduction to Nuclear Security: History, Policy, and Theory

This course offers a general introduction to nuclear security. It provides a comprehensive but concise overview of the topic’s main historical, theoretical, and policy dimensions. During the first part of the semester, we will discuss key concepts (fission, deterrence, vertical proliferation, etc.) associated with the post-World War II emergence of nuclear strategy, explore the superpowers’ Cold War competition, and study the emergence of new nuclear-weapon states (Britain, China, etc.). Once these conceptual and historical foundations in place, we will investigate the theoretical debates that have divided scholars on seminal questions such as the causes of proliferation, the effectiveness of the international non-proliferation regime (and of counter-proliferation), the impact of nuclear weapons on state behavior (war/peace, coercion, etc.), and the many constraints and forms of resistance that have emerged over time (norms, disarmament, etc.). During the third section of the course, we will examine the post-Cold War emergence of the “second nuclear age,” with a specific interest for nuclear terrorism, climate change, nuclear safety, and US primacy. Finally, we will probe the nuclear challenges that have (re)emerged in East Asia (China, North Korea), the Middle East (Israel, Iran), Europe (Russia’s nuclear resurgence, NATO’s extended deterrence), and South Asia (India, Pakistan). In each class meeting, we will cover these local nuclear powers’ historical emergence, their current status, and the US response. The conclusion of the course will survey the latest trends, including prospects for disarmament, the Trump Administration’s nuclear policy, and the impact of cyber on command-and-control systems.

Course faculty: Thomas P. Cavanna
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P278 Climate Change and Security

From sensational news headlines about resource wars to measured, consensus-based reports that warn of potential instability caused by climate change: the discourse around climate and security varies widely. This course will explore the evolution of that discourse from the early environment and security literature of the 1980s and 1990s to current empirical studies and government reports on the impact of climate change on national and global security. Looking at root causes, impacts, and responses to climate insecurity, the course aims to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of this complex field. By the end of this course, students will be prepared to think through policy options that consider the evidence-based security implications of issues like climate-induced migration, resource scarcity, and natural disasters.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P279 China Politics

This seminar covers domestic Chinese politics on center-local relations and state-society relations. Some undergraduate-level knowledge of Chinese politics and recent history is required. Conventional wisdom in the U.S. is that China’s post-Mao authoritarian central government has absolute power over society, exercised through efficient and obedient Party and state structures. This seminar asks students to reconsider this interpretation by examining how center, locality, and society interact and vie for influence in the making and implementation of policy.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P283 Europeanization and the Domestic Impact of European Integration

Addressing the EU’s strengths, as well as its weaknesses and limitations, this course focuses on the domestic impact of EU membership on selected EU member states. The effect of the EU on domestic institutions, processes, political culture, and policies, is examined first at a conceptual level and then through case studies of member states. The dramatic crisis of the Eurozone after 2008 provides a critical case study of the limits of Europeanization. It also encourages us to consider possible scenarios for the future.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P287M Political Economy and Business of the European Union

Has the European Union (EU) delivered on its promise of a fully integrated economic and political union? How has Europe grown from its modest beginning with the European Coal and Steel Community established in 1951 with only six countries to the European Union which today encompasses 27 countries? Is the Euro crisis undermining the future of the European Union or will it usher the EU in a fiscal union which by necessity requires a closer political union? How does this multi-faceted integrative process shape the European business environment? Through class discussion and case studies managerial implications for firms operating in Europe are assessed at the provincial, national, and EU level. For MIB students, this course is one of the regional options.

Course faculty: Laurent L. Jacque
Credits/Units: 1.5

DHP P288 Climate Change: Risk and Adaptation for Food Systems and Beyond

Climate change is one of the most pressing problems in the world today. This course will focus on the projected impacts of climate change around the world and related adaptations, with particular attention to humanitarian impacts and food systems. Students will cover climate risk assessment, risk perception, risk communication, and climate risk management/adaptation. The course will cover major climate impacts by sector, as well as their interactions and humanitarian implications. Each week of class will have two components: a lecture component and a lab component. The lecture will consist of instructor presentation of content as well as student reflection and discussion. The lab will consist of an exercise or simulation of technologies and methods related to climate impact assessment and management. Students will experiment with different methodologies to assess climate risk and identify impact modeling methodologies that are most appropriate for specific applications. Students will learn why people perceive risk differently and experiment with innovative methods to communicate risk. In the risk management section, students will critique alternative risk management strategies and identify equity and justice implications. As a final project, students will develop a proposal for the Green Climate Fund, which is the largest global fund to address climate change. Pre-requisite: Graduate standing or instructor consent.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P289 Advanced Geospatial Modeling

This course is a project-based exploration of advanced topics in GIS and geospatial technology, with a focus upon spatial data management, modeling, advanced spatial analysis and geoprocessing, spatial data manipulation, and geocomputation. Emphasis is placed upon support to decision-making processes in the international context and gives primary emphasis on foundational to the courses project-based approach. The course brings global issues and concerns to class to enhance student’s knowledge and interpretation of data, and to critically think about solutions that have a firm foundation in spatial thinking. Prerequisite: DHP P207 GIS for International Applications.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P289M Macroeconomic Environment for Business in Latin America

The course will examine the macroeconomic environment for business in Latin America, as shaped by the recent history of the region’s macro institutions and policies. Among the topics treated, all illustrated with regional case studies, are: inconstant capital inflows and economic volatility; the impact on the private sector of fiscal excess and sovereign default risk; high inflation; real currency appreciation, loss of competitiveness and balance of payments crises; financial system fragility and banking system risk; the resource curse and Dutch disease; vulnerability to adversity abroad. Prior command of basic macroeconomics is desirable, but not required.

Course faculty: Lawrence Krohn
Credits/Units: 1.5

DHP P290 Migration and Transnationalism in Latin America

This seminar will examine the implications of international migration, migrant remittances, and transnationalism for development and politics in Latin America. The first section addresses alternative theories of migration and reviews global patterns of migration in both sending and receiving countries. The last two sections focus on the impact of international migration and remittances on economic development and politics in sending countries, primarily in Latin America but with some comparative data from other developing countries.

Course faculty: Katrina Burgess
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P291 Power in World Politics

Power is the defining concept in the international relations discipline, and yet there is no consensus about what that concept means. This is a problematic state of affairs. The need for a better conceptual and empirical understanding of power should be obvious. This seminar will confront these conceptual and empirical problems head-on. Through an array of scholarly readings and case studies, we will aim for a better understanding of what power means, its myriad dimensions, how it is perceived over time, and how it is exercised by actors in world politics.

Course faculty: Daniel Drezner
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P292 The End of the World and What Comes Next

The world has been coming to an end for some time now. Take your pick of catastrophe: terrorism, financial crisis, nuclear war, cyber-collapse, natural disasters, climate change, or, hey, devastating pandemic. It seems as if the 21st century has been replete with world-defining catastrophes and we are barely a fifth of the way through it At the same time, however, it is worth remembering how many times civilization was supposed to come to an end in the past. Parson Malthus predicted a demographic time bomb in the mid nineteenth century. The Club of Rome predicted the depletion of key natural resources in the 1970s. Y2K was supposed to break the Internet on January 1, 2000. Many people embraced the misplaced eschatological beliefs surrounding the Mayan prediction of the end of civilization in December 2012. Even when catastrophes strike, like the Black Death or the 1918/19 influenza pandemic, civilization adapts and overcomes. This course is borne out of the coronavirus pandemic but focused on the larger questions it raises about possible catastrophes and the ability of the world to respond to them. It starts with some theoretical considerations of why societies might not be prepared to cope with looming catastrophic events. These include problems of collective action, time discounting, failures to differentiate risk and uncertainty, normal accidents, bureaucratic politics, millenarian beliefs, and the anarchical structure of international politics. It then considers which kinds of societies and polities are better placed to respond to disasters and catastrophes. The next section considers some of the historical instances in which threats both real and imagined affected the globe, and how they played out. These threats range from pandemics to famines to nuclear catastrophes to overpopulation to cyber collapse. The third section of the course compares and contrasts the global responses to the 2008 financial crisis and the 2020 covid-19 pandemic. The fourth section of the course considers the post-coronavirus threats to the world, from climate change to the renewed possibility of great power war. The final section considers the role that fictional narratives play in thinking about catastrophes.

Course faculty: Daniel Drezner
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P293 Democracy and State Reform in Latin America

This seminar examines how democratization and market reform have interacted to reshape the state and society in Latin America. The first part of the course provides an historical overview of these processes in ten Latin American countries: Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Chile, Peru, Venezuela, Colombia, El Salvador, Bolivia, and Ecuador. The second part of the course addresses the region’s ongoing struggles to deepen democracy in the areas of participation, citizenship, public security, accountability, decentralization, social policy, and civil rights.

Course faculty: Katrina Burgess
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P295 Introduction to Human Security

Human security is a value proposition. It argues that seeking the security of the individual, as defined by that individual, is at least as important as seeking the security of the state – and sometimes more important. Although the term “human security” is relatively recent, originating in the 1990s post-Cold War era, the question of whose security is primary, the individual’s or the state’s, is seminal in international relations scholarship. The argument revolves around differences of viewpoint on what obligations the state has to its people in terms of providing for their security, and whether individuals have claims beyond the state if/when their security is threatened. In the 1990s in particular, these discussions included expanding the definition of security beyond physical safety (e.g., to include economic, identity, and rights-based dimensions), the recognition that entities other than the state provide for individuals’ security when the state either can’t or won’t, and the need for including vulnerable groups in decision-making about security provision. Human security covers a broad range of issues and practices, but they all share three main analytic components: (1) person-centered, focusing on views of security as defined from the ground up rather than top-down; (2) multi-dimensional, requiring both an interdisciplinary approach and one that integrates all voices and perspectives; and (3) preventive, choosing to look at root causes and early indicators to be pro-active rather than reactive to threat. Human security thus provides a powerful lens through which to analyze all threats to the security of individuals and communities. The issue areas in which the human security lens in most often applied include: gender-based violence; human trafficking; forced migration; drug policy; civilian protection through human rights or non-violent action; multi-track diplomacy; youth and conflict; financial inclusion; and provision of basic services such as healthcare and education. In this course, we will review the critical security and feminist security literature that preceded the development of human security. We then cover the core concepts in human security as outlined above: person-centered, multi-dimensional, and preventive. Under each of these themes, we will introduce relevant skills for building analytic competency and draw upon case studies that illustrate how these analytic approaches have been used in practice. Case studies will be drawn from the issue areas listed above. Throughout the course, emphasis will be placed on becoming a “reflective practitioner,” with the ability to investigate one’s own values and assumptions and incorporate the learning from this inquiry into one’s work.

Course faculty: Eileen F. Babbitt
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P296 Democracy and Authoritarianism in Comparative Perspective

Over the course of human history, most political regimes have been authoritarian. In this seminar, we will begin with the classic reading on authoritarianism (including totalitarian and military regimes) but quickly shift our focus to contemporary regimes that have been variously described as “hybrid,” “competitive authoritarian,” or “partially democratic.” Specific topics include authoritarian institutions, elections in non-democracies, political violence, and the political economy of authoritarian states. Finally, since it is impossible to study authoritarianism in isolation from the vast literature on democratization, we will also consider several prominent theories in this tradition. Prior coursework in democratization is helpful, but it is not a prerequisite for this course.

Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P297 Engaging Human Security

This course enables students to develop a nuanced understanding of the central issues and debates in human security, and also develop a deeper understanding of various aspects of the predicament facing the people of a crisis-affected, conflict or post-conflict country, and international organizations mandated to help address their problems. Human security privileges the security and well being of humans rather than the state. A field of study in international affairs and international relations, human security focuses on issues at the heart of human rights, humanitarian affairs, conflict studies and mediation, economic development, health and wellbeing. Human security approaches are inter-disciplinary and problem-focused, and seek to understand a problem from the perspective of the people most affected, which requires an anthropological sensibility and an appreciation of different social-cultural framings of problems. Thus, the course itself is problem-focused. It takes five central fields, which human security has drawn from and influenced – human rights, humanitarian studies, feminist and gender studies, mediation and conflict resolution, and development – and uses foundational theories and applications in those fields to bring a human security lens to better understand and address current problems in Latin America. The course is also inter-disciplinary and involves readings in anthropology, political science, law, international relations, security studies, humanitarian studies, public health and trauma, conflict resolution, feminist/gender studies, economics, environmental studies, and history.

Course faculty: Kimberly Theidon
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP P298 Conflict in Africa

During this course, students should gain a deeper understanding of the nature of contemporary violent conflict in Africa. Students will be expected to master the key theoretical approaches to violence in Africa, and to become familiar with a number of important case studies. The focus is on the origins and nature of violence, rather than policy responses and solutions. The course is inter-disciplinary and involves readings in political science, international relations, and social anthropology, while also touching on economics, environmental studies, and history.

Course faculty: Alex de Waal
Course duration: Full semester
Credits/Units: 3.0

DHP 300-399: Independent Study

Directed reading and research for credit, providing an opportunity for qualified students to pursue the study of particular problems within the discipline of Diplomacy, History, and Politics under the personal guidance of a member of faculty. The course may be assigned to a Field of Study according to the topic selected. By consent of the professor and petition.

DHP 400: Reading and Research

Noncredit directed reading and research in preparation for PhD comprehensive examination or dissertation research and writing on the subjects within this division. By consent of the professor.