Tom Dannenbaum

Tom Dannenbaum

Mugar 250B
160 Packard Avenue, Medford, MA 02155
Research/Areas of Interest:

International humanitarian law; International criminal law; International law on the use of force; International human rights law; Peacekeeping; Shared responsibility; Judging


  • Ph.D., Princeton University
  • J.D., Yale Law School
  • B.A., Stanford University


Tom Dannenbaum is Associate Professor of International Law at the Fletcher School of Law & Diplomacy. Prior to joining Fletcher, he taught at University College London and Yale Law School. Dannenbaum writes on the law of armed conflict, the law governing the use of force, international criminal law, human rights, shared responsibility, and international judging. His articles have appeared in a range of leading journals and have received multiple awards, including the International Legal Theory Scholarship Prize from the American Society of International Law (ASIL) in 2022 and ASIL’s Lieber Prize in 2017. His book, The Crime of Aggression, Humanity, and the Soldier, was published by Cambridge University Press in 2018. In 2021, Dannenbaum was awarded the James L. Paddock Teaching Award at Fletcher.


Areas of expertise

Human Rights
Humanitarian Affairs
International Law & Organizations
International Security
Negotiations & Conflict Resolution

Courses taught

Selected Publications and Presentations


The Crime of Aggression, Humanity, and the Soldier (Cambridge University Press, 2018)


Siege Starvation: A War Crime of Societal Torture, 22 Chi. J. Int’l L. 368 (2022)

Aggression and Atrocity: The Interstate Element, Politics, and Individual Responsibility, in Rethinking the Crime of Aggression: International and Interdisciplinary Perspectives (Stefanie Bock & Eckart Conze eds., TMC Asser Press 2021)

Encirclement, Deprivation, and Humanity: Revising the San Remo Provisions on Blockade, 97 Int’l L. Stud. 307 (2021)

Legitimacy in War and Punishment: The Security Council and the ICC, in The Oxford Handbook of International Criminal Law (Kevin Jon Heller, Frédéric Mégret, Sarah M.H. Nouwen, Jens David Ohlin, & Darryl Robinson eds., Oxford University Press 2020)

War Crimes and Just War Theory, in The Palgrave Handbook of Applied Ethics and the Criminal Law (Kimberly Kessler Ferzan & Larry Alexander eds., Palgrave Macmillan 2019).

The Criminalization of Aggression and Soldiers' Rights, 29 Eur. J. Int'l L. 859 (2018)

Why Have We Criminalized Aggressive War?, 126 Yale L. J. 1242 (2017)

Regulation of the International Bench, in Research Handbook on International Courts & Tribunals (William Schabas & Shannonbrooke Murphy eds., 2017).

Dual Attribution in the Context of Military Operations, 12 Int’l Orgs. L. Rev. 401 (2015)

Public Power and Preventive Responsibility: Attributing the Wrongs of International Joint Ventures, in Distribution of Responsibilities in International Law (André Nollkaemper & Dov Jacobs eds., 2015).

Killings at Srebrenica, Effective Control, and the Power to Prevent Unlawful Conduct, 16 Int’l & Comp. L. Q. 713 (2012)

Nationality and the International Judge: The Nationalist Presumption Governing the International Judiciary and Why it Must Be Reversed, 45 Cornell Int'l L. J. 77 (2012)

Bombs, Ballots, and Coercion: The Madrid Bombings, Electoral Politics, and Terrorist Strategy, 20 Security Studies 303 (2011)

The International Criminal Court, Article 79, and Transitional Justice: The Case for an Independent Trust Fund for Victims, 28 Wis. Int'l L. J. 234 (2010

Translating the Standard of Effective Control into a System of Effective Accountability, 51 Harv. Int'l L. J. 113 (2010)

Finding Balance in the Attribution of Liability for the Human Rights Violations of U.N. Peacekeepers, 51 Hard. Int'l L.J. Online 105 (2010).

Crime Beyond Punishment, 15 U.C. Davis J. Int'l L. & Pol'y 189 (2009)

War and Peace in Rwanda, in Stopping Wars and Making Peace: Studies in International Intervention 71 (Kristen Eichensehr & W. Michael Reisman eds., Brill, 2009)