Tom Dannenbaum

Tom Dannenbaum

Mugar 250B
160 Packard Avenue, Medford, MA 02155
Research/Areas of Interest:

International humanitarian law; International criminal law; International law on the use of force; Judging and judicial ethics; Just war theory; Peacemaking, peacekeeping, and transitional justice; Shared responsibility; Terrorism and counter-terrorism


  • Ph.D., Princeton University
  • J.D., Yale Law School
  • B.A., Stanford University


Tom Dannenbaum is assistant professor of international law. Prior to joining Fletcher in 2017, he was lecturer in human rights at University College London and visiting lecturer in law and Robina Foundation visiting human rights fellow at Yale Law School. Tom writes on international law, focusing primarily on the laws of war, the law on the use of force, international criminal law, shared responsibility, and international judging. He has also written on peace negotiations, terrorist strategy, reparations, and the philosophical basis for punishing atrocity crimes perpetrated via the state.

His work has been published in a range of leading journals, including the Yale Law Journal, the European Journal of International Law, International & Comparative Law Quarterly, International Law Studies, the Harvard International Law Journal, and Security Studies. His book, The Crime of Aggression, Humanity, and the Soldier, was published by Cambridge University Press in 2018. His article, "Why Have We Criminalized Aggressive War?", was awarded the Lieber Prize by the American Society of International Law in 2017. His work on accountability for peacekeeper abuses has been cited by the International Law Commission and the Hague Court of Appeals in the Netherlands.

Areas of expertise

Human Rights
Humanitarian Affairs
International Law & Organizations
International Security
Negotiations & Conflict Resolution

Courses taught

Selected Publications and Presentations


The Crime of Aggression, Humanity, and the Soldier (Cambridge University Press, 2018)


Encirclement, Deprivation, and Humanity: Revising the San Remo Provisions on Blockade, 97 Int’l L. Stud. 307 (2021)

Legitimacy in War and Punishment: The Security Council and the ICC, in The Oxford Handbook of International Criminal Law (Kevin Jon Heller, Frédéric Mégret, Sarah M.H. Nouwen, Jens David Ohlin, & Darryl Robinson eds., Oxford University Press 2020)

War Crimes and Just War Theory, in The Palgrave Handbook of Applied Ethics and the Criminal Law (Kimberly Kessler Ferzan & Larry Alexander eds., Palgrave Macmillan 2019).

The Criminalization of Aggression and Soldiers' Rights, 29 Eur. J. Int'l L. 859 (2018)

Why Have We Criminalized Aggressive War?, 126 Yale L. J. 1242 (2017)

Regulation of the International Bench, in Research Handbook on International Courts & Tribunals (William Schabas & Shannonbrooke Murphy eds., 2017).

Dual Attribution in the Context of Military Operations, 12 Int’l Orgs. L. Rev. 401 (2015)

Public Power and Preventive Responsibility: Attributing the Wrongs of International Joint Ventures, in Distribution of Responsibilities in International Law (André Nollkaemper & Dov Jacobs eds., 2015).

Killings at Srebrenica, Effective Control, and the Power to Prevent Unlawful Conduct, 16 Int’l & Comp. L. Q. 713 (2012)

Nationality and the International Judge: The Nationalist Presumption Governing the International Judiciary and Why it Must Be Reversed, 45 Cornell Int'l L. J. 77 (2012)

Bombs, Ballots, and Coercion: The Madrid Bombings, Electoral Politics, and Terrorist Strategy, 20 Security Studies 303 (2011)

The International Criminal Court, Article 79, and Transitional Justice: The Case for an Independent Trust Fund for Victims, 28 Wis. Int'l L. J. 234 (2010

Translating the Standard of Effective Control into a System of Effective Accountability, 51 Harv. Int'l L. J. 113 (2010)

Finding Balance in the Attribution of Liability for the Human Rights Violations of U.N. Peacekeepers, 51 Hard. Int'l L.J. Online 105 (2010).

Crime Beyond Punishment, 15 U.C. Davis J. Int'l L. & Pol'y 189 (2009)

War and Peace in Rwanda, in Stopping Wars and Making Peace: Studies in International Intervention 71 (Kristen Eichensehr & W. Michael Reisman eds., Brill, 2009)