Close Menu

About The Field

The International Negotiation and Conflict Resolution field (INCR) examines the causes of and approaches to managing and resolving violent conflict in the international context. Toward this end, it focuses especially on the theory and practice of international negotiation and mediation.

The program is inherently multidisciplinary and includes:

  • Concepts and skills of negotiation, for use in diplomacy, business, and law
  • Methods of third-party intervention, from mediation to coercion
  • New approaches to international intervention, recognizing the roles played by the coordination of political, military, and non-governmental actors
  • Crisis management and arms limitations, as modes of containing or preventing conflict
  • In-depth analysis of specific contexts in which conflict must be managed, such as trade, environmental and resource issues, international organizations, business ventures, as well as in struggles of war and peace.

All students receive a foundational education in the processes of international negotiation. Using exercises and simulations, students examine such issues as the problems of inducing parties to negotiate, the roles of culture and power, multilateral negotiation, and the implementation of negotiated agreements.

In addition to the academic courses, the program offers a non-credit mediation practicum, in which students receive 32 hours of mediation training and then apprentice with experienced mediators in local small claims courts.

Students should refer to the Registrar's Field of Study Guide for definitive field requirements in a given academic year.

Current Students and Alumni

Mark Hoover

Foreign Affairs Officer, U.S. Department of State - Kinshasa, D.R. Congo
Master of Arts in Law and Diplomacy (MALD)
Class Year: 2015

John Foster

Master of Arts in Law and Diplomacy (MALD)
Class Year: 2020

Outside the Classroom

  • Corporations and Human Rights: Accountability Mechanisms for Dispute Resolution
  • Disarming, Demobilizing and Reintegrating the Kurdistan Worker's Party
  • Negotiating Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration - A discussion of the Lord's Resistance Army and Uganda
  • Azerbaijan: Challenges and Opportunities
  • The Role of Negotiation and Mediation in Global Conflict Management
  • The Application of Complexity Science to Peacebuilding and Conflict Analysis
  • Israelis and Palestinians: What Trajectory for the Future?
  • Northern Ireland Since the Good Friday Agreement
  • Book lecture on South Sudan: A Slow Liberation with Edward Thomas
  • Sudan Book Launch and Lecture: A Poisonous Thorn in Our Hearts
  • The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict and the Future of Zionism: The Meaning of the March 2015 Israeli Elections
  • The Curse of a Holy Land: Negotiating Visions for Palestine and the Palestinians
  • The Entrepreneur and the Intifada: Resolving the Israel-Palestine Deadlock
  • Changing American Public Attitudes Toward the Middle East
  • CARE International - Arua, Uganda
  • Center for Dialogue and Reconciliation - Gurgaon, India
  • INCORE - Derry/Londonderry, Northern Ireland
  • Manos de Madres - Kigali, Rwanda
  • International Crisis Group - Beijing, China
  • US Department of State, Bureau of Conflict & Stabilization Operations - Washington, DC
  • Search for Common Ground - Yangon, Burma
  • The Advocacy Project - Lima, Peru
  • Mercy Corps - Bamako, Mali
  • Concur Inc. Environmental Conflict Resolution - San Francisco, CA
  • UN Peacebuilding Support Office - Washington, DC
  • US Department of State, Conflict Stabilization Operations - Washington, DC
  • "How to Evaluate Non-State Actors for Political and Military Partnerships in Irregular Conflicts: A Case Study of the Free Syrian Army"
  • "Demystifying the Sponsor-Proxy Relationship: The Case of Syria and its Armed Groups"
  • "Where Peace Begins: The Role of Local People and Communities in Transforming Economies of War"
  • "Mediating Constitutional Reform in Bosnia and Herzegovina: An Analysis of Three Constitutional Reform Attempts"
  • "The Right to a Fair Trial in States of Emergencies: Non-Derogable Aspects of Article 14 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights"
  • "Complementing Constitutionalism: Exploring Post-Conflict Constitution Drafting Processes as a Tool for Peacebuilding"
  • "Drivers of Conflict Around Hydropower Development in the Brazilian Amazon"
  • "Talking with the Taliban: The Importance of Timing to Negotiations in Afghanistan"
  • "Establishing Proactive Peacebuilding as Norm of Religious Leadership: The Case of Muslim Leaders in Ghana"
  • "Private Shoes for Public Benefit: Evaluating a Reintegration Program in Colombia"
  • "Rehumanization and Resilience: The Peacebuilding Role of Music in Contexts of Forced Migration"
  • "Mass Atrocity Prevention in the Twenty-First Century: Assessing the Risk for Violence in Burundi and Examining Options for US Government Policy
  • Converging Policies and Competing Interests: Securitized Migration Policies in the European Union and their Impact on Conflict-Affected Migrants"
Research Centers
Student Groups
  • The Fletcher Mediation Practicum
  • International Negotiation and Conflict Resolution Club
  • The Fletcher Syria Crisis Working Group
  • Human Rights Project
Annotated Curriculum

A Fletcher education is highly customizable, and each student may decide on a different academic trajectory to suit his or her own professional and academic goals. To get a better sense of how these individual curricular decisions can play out, we asked recent students in their final semester to talk about their goals, their classes, and the decisions made during their Fletcher career. Meet Mark:

Pre-Fletcher Experience
International Admissions Counselor, Wake Forest University
Fulbright Fellow, Andorra

Fields of Study
International Negotiations and Conflict Resolution
Role of Religion in International Affairs (Self-designed)

Capstone Topic
Recalibrating Development: Proposing a Framework for State-driven Diaspora Development

Post-Fletcher Professional Goals
I have a particular interest in working in US-African relations and learning better ways to coordinate diplomatic affairs with civil society. At the moment, I would like to serve as an employee of the US government, but am open to working in other sectors if a position opens up which furthers my professional and personal goals.

Read about Mark's curricular path.