How Mass Atrocities End book cover against soft background

Edited by Bridget Conley-Zilkic, the book analyses the processes, decisions, and factors that end mass atrocities.

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The Real Politics of the Horn of Africa book cover

Alex de Waal's new book delves into the business of politics in the turbulent, war-torn countries of north-east Africa.

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Access the second cartoon series by Alex de Waal and Victor Ndula on the political marketplace in South Sudan.

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WPF is proud to support the South Sudanese team documenting Southerners killed in conflict.

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Stimulating a new conversation about corruption and the global arms business.

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New WPF Publication

How Mass Atrocities End

Book cover How Mass Atrocities End sunrays breaking through cloudsNow available through Cambridge Press, How Mass Atrocities End presents an analysis of the processes, decisions, and factors that help bring about the end of mass atrocities. It includes qualitatively rich case studies from Burundi, Guatemala, Indonesia, Sudan, Bosnia, and Iraq, drawing patterns from wide-ranging data. How Mass Atrocities End offers a much needed correction to the popular “salvation narrative” framing mass atrocity in terms of good and evil.

WPF Publication

The Real Politics of the Horn of Africa

Political Marketplace book cover stacks of moneyAlex de Waal's latest book draws on his thirty-year career in Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea and Somalia, including experience as a participant in high-level peace talks, to provide a unique and compelling account of how these countries leaders run their governments, conduct their business, fight their wars and, occasionally, make peace.



South Sudan Occasional Paper

New analysis by Alex de Waal argues that South Sudan today is a collapsed political marketplace. He also warns that the convergent economic, security and political crises mean that South Sudan is entering an extremely dangerous phase.

WPF Publication

AU Decision-Making on Burundi

Perhaps the most significant outcome of the 26th summit of the African Union (AU) was the decision scrapping the plan to deploy troops to Burundi for human protection purposes. This occasional paper, "To Intervene or Not to Intervene: An inside view of the AU's decision-making on Article 4(h) and Burundi," by Solomon Dersso, examines in detail how and why the AU summit arrived at its decision on MAPROBU, and discusses the implications of the AU summit decision vis-à-vis the situation in Burundi.
WPF Publication

Assessing the Anti-Atrocity Toolbox

Beginning in the 2000s a new international consensus emerged regarding the need--both ethical and strategic--to prevent and halt genocide and mass atrocities. A suite of policy mechanisms, commonly called the "Anti-Atrocity Toolbox," were elaborated to support these goals. But what do we know about the effectivity of these various policy mechanisms? This paper by Bridget Conley-Zilkic, Saskia Brechenmacher and Aditya Sarkar reviews and synthesizes the academic literature that helps us gauge the policy impact on violence.

Peace Missions in Africa

The WPF is spearheading research on peace missions in Africa, drawing upon African expertise and insight, in order to inform an African-led agenda for a new generation of political initiatives in support of peace, and international missions involving armed peacekeepers in the continent. The project will culminate in an independent Report to the African Union.
From the Archives

A Peace Reflection

Archive poster - A Peace Reflection blue and green

WPF Supported Project

Remembering the Ones We Lost

WPF is proud to support the work of South Sudanese civil society actors as they document the names of people killed in South Sudan's conflicts since 1955. As the website states, "This project is designed for one purpose: to honor the memory of each person who has died or gone missing during conflict in South Sudan."
Occasional Paper

Gender, Peace and Conflict

Dyan Mazurana and Keith Proctor draw on interdisciplinary research to provide a summary of the key literature, frameworks and findings in five topic areas related to Gender, Conflict, and Peace, and suggest areas that need further research. Questions addressed include: How does a gender analysis inform our understanding of armed conflict and peace-making? What are the gendered dimensions of war, non-violent resistance, peace processes, and transitional justice?
New WPF Publication

Occasional Paper

We invite you to read, "What Went Wrong?: The Eritrean People's Liberation Front from Armed Opposition to State Governance: A Personal Observation" by Paulo Tesfagiorgis. This occasional paper discusses how the Eritrea People's Liberation Front evolved from a liberation front (1971-1991), into a highly successful organization with clear social and political agenda, and, ultimately, into an oppressive state where power is concentrated in the hands of the President and his close network.

From The Hague to Abidjan: Whither Transitional Justice in Côte d’Ivoire?

  • The past few weeks have seen important developments in the realm of international criminal justice. On March 24th, the ICTY convicted Radovan Karadzic of genocide and other crimes against humanity over atrocities committed by Bosnian Serb forces between 1992 and 1995. The same week, the International Criminal Court’s Pre-Trial Chamber confirmed 70 charges against [...]

  • The Masculinities of Gang Violence in Latin America and Caribbean

  • I have been studying young men in youth gangs in Latin America and Caribbean, mainly in the poor neighborhoods of Medellín, Colombia, for the better part of a decade. I have sat down and talked to lots of young men in gangs, some whom had left gangs, and even their girlfriends and mothers. I have also spoken to young men who didn’t join gangs that came from the very same neighbourhoods and conditions of poverty. Is it possible to trace their trajectories to male adulthood and the processes of socialisation that led some into the gang whist not others? Yes, I think it is. Is it possible to draw up a neat list of causal factors to explain these processes? Well, that is a little more difficult, but it is something we should debate.
  • The Challenge of Decoupling

  • Scientific evidence from a range of disciplines confirms the close connections between early developmental processes and subsequent behavior. Thus, traumatic stress in early childhood can have enduring effects, that in extreme cases may be irreversible despite later remedial or attenuating behavior (Shonkoff et al). A well known example of this coupling between experience and conduct is the case of Romanian orphans, so severely neglected and deprived of sensory stimulation in very early childhood that later intense nurturing failed to reverse serious cognitive and affective deficits (Nelson). Profound neglect is one form of traumatic stressor; violence is another. Research on early childhood confirms the statistical correlation between early exposure to violence, and enduring, often life long, violent subsequent behavior. (Kagitcibasi) Children subjected at home to physical child abuse are more likely to be abusers than those not so exposed; the same is true of children exposed to familial sexual abuse, or of street children who endure police brutality or the violence of gang members from an early age (Rizzini).