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Speaker Bios

Faculty Chairs

Jenny Aker, Assistant Professor of Economics, The Fletcher School and the Department of Economics, Tufts University

Steven Block, Professor of International Economics, The Fletcher School

Bhaskar Chakravorti, Senior Associate Dean, International Business & Finance, The Fletcher School

Alex de Waal, Executive Director, World Peace Foundation and Research Professor, The Fletcher School

Peter Uvin, Academic Dean and Henry J. Leir Professor of International Humanitarian Studies, The Fletcher School

Peter Walker, Director, Feinstein International Center and Irwin H. Rosenberg Professor of Nutrition & Human Security, Tufts University

Keynote Speakers

Kwesi Botchwey, Former Finance Minister, Ghana; and Founder and Executive Chairman of the African Policy Ownership Initiative (ADPOI)

Deogratias Niyizonkiza, Founder & Director, Village Health Works

Panelists

Wendy Peter Abt, Deputy Assistant Administrator, Bureau for Economic Growth, Education and Environment, US Agency for International Development

Mimi Alemayehou, Executive Vice President, Overseas Private Investment Corporation

Patrick Bitature, Founder and Chairman, Simba Telecom & Simba Group; and Chairman, Uganda Investment Authority

Deborah Brautigam, Professor and Director, International Development Program, School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), Johns Hopkins University

Ann Cotton, Executive Director, Camfed International

Anamitra Deb, Senior Manager, Monitor Inclusive Markets, Monitor Group

Tony Elumelu, Founder, The Tony Elumelu Foundation; and Chairman, Heirs Holdings Limited

Michael Fairbanks, Co-Founder, SEVEN Fund

Anne-Marie Gulde-Wolf, Deputy Director, African Department, International Monetary Fund

Jay Ireland, President and CEO, GE Africa

Joseph Kitamirike, CEO, Ugandan Securities Exchange 

Anna Locke, Head of Programme, Agricultural Development and Policy, Overseas Development Institute

Laila Macharia, Founder, Scion Real

Kingsley Moghalu, Deputy Governor, Central Bank of Nigeria

Leonce Ndikumana, Andrew Glyn Professor of Economics, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Mouhamadou Niang, Manager, Industries & Services Division, Private Sector Department, African Development Bank

Steven Radelet, Chief Economist, U.S. Agency for International Development

Reeta Roy, President and CEO, The MasterCard Foundation

Minoru Tsukada, President, Hitachi Research Institute

Ian Solomon, United States Executive Director, World Bank Group

Reid E. Whitlock, President, African School of Finance & Banking, Kigali, Rwanda

With our agenda and list of participants still evolving, please note that new speakers and participants will be added as they are confirmed.

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Wendy Abt

picWendy Peter Abt joined USAID in 2010 as the Deputy Assistant Administrator for the Bureau for Economic Growth, Education, and Environment.  Ms. Abt’s portfolio includes private sector engagement, entrepreneurship, inclusive finance, and education. 

Ms. Abt has extensive experience in commercial and turnaround banking, bank management consulting, and public policy research.  She has worked in Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Lesotho and Ghana serving as adviser to Ministers of Finance and Central Bank governors on bank restructuring, privatizations, credit risk management, and pricing.  She was the General Partner of Africa International Financial Holdings (AIFH), a private equity fund investing in the financial sector in Africa and subsequently has worked with large international investors in the African banking sector.  Prior to her work in emerging markets, Ms. Abt assembled domestic investor groups to acquire control positions of undervalued or under-performing U.S.-based commercial banks and thrifts, serving as chairman of a high performance thrift acquired on behalf of the limited partnership.  She was also a Managing Director at Bank of Boston.

Ms. Abt spent over ten years in public policy research, first in Africa and then in the United States with the African American Institute in New York, and Abt Associates in Cambridge, Massachusetts.  Most recently, on behalf of Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Labs (J-PAL) and Innovations for Poverty Action, she co-led a national scale-up of a low-cost approach to remedial education in Ghana. 

Ms. Abt received a Bachelor of Arts in Economics and Government from Connecticut College, and holds a Master’s Degree from Harvard University’s School of Education.

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Jenny Aker

picJenny C. Aker is an Assistant Professor of Economics at The Fletcher School and the Department of Economics at Tufts University. She is also a Non-Resident Fellow at the Center for Global Development and a member of the Advisory Board for Frontline SMS.

After working for Catholic Relief Services as Deputy Regional Director in West and Central Africa between 1998 and 2003, Jenny returned to complete her PhD in agricultural economics at the University of California-Berkeley. Jenny works on economic development in Africa, with a primary focus on the impact of information and information technology on development outcomes, particularly in the areas of agriculture, agricultural marketing and education; the relationship between shocks and agricultural food market performance; the determinants of agricultural technology adoption; and impact evaluations of NGO and World Bank projects. Jenny has conducted field work in many countries in West and Central Africa, including Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, DRC, The Gambia, Ghana, Liberia, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Sudan, as well as Haiti and Guatemala.

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Mimi Alemayehou 

picMimi Alemayehou is Executive Vice President of the Overseas Private Investment Corporation. She was nominated as the EVP of OPIC by President Obama on March 10, 2010 and confirmed unanimously by the full Senate on September 16, 2010.

Previously, Ms. Alemayehou served as the United States Executive Director at the African Development Bank where she was responsible for executing Board decisions on behalf of the United States government. Ms. Alemayehou served as the most senior US Treasury official in Africa and was instrumental in pushing for reforms to make the Bank more transparent and to engage more broadly with outside stakeholders. Prior to the AfDB, she was Founder and Managing Partner of Trade Links, LLC, a development consulting firm that worked with clients on emerging markets issues and promoting African exports under the African Growth and Opportunity Act.

Previously, Ms. Alemayehou was with the International Executive Service Corps where she managed a multi-country trade project in Africa. She also served as a Director of International Regulatory Affairs at WorldSpace Corporation; an emerging market focused satellite telecommunications company. Earlier in her career, she worked as a Legislative Staffer in the United States Congress.

Ms. Alemayehou holds a Masters degree in International Business and International Law and Development from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University.  Ms. Alemayehou currently serves on the Board of the United States African Development Foundation, a post she was nominated to by President Obama and confirmed unanimously by the full Senate. Ms. Alemayehou is a naturalized US Citizen; she was born in Ethiopia and spent her early years in Kenya before emigrating to the United States.

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Patrick Bitature

picPatrick Bitature is the founder and Chairman of the Simba Group of companies, an East African conglomerate of businesses. The Group started with Simba Telecom, founded in 1998, a telecom sales and distribution company with operations in Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania. Other Simba Group companies include Protea Hotels Uganda, Electro-Maxx (a power generation company), Simba Propreties, an exploratory mining operation, and a new integrated farm and biomass power plant. 

Patrick is the Chairman of the Uganda Investment Authority. He is also the Chairman of Uganda’s electricity utility and holds Directorships in various NGOs, including Cure Hospital Uganda and Traidlinks. He is the Honorary Consul for Australia in Uganda.

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Steven Block

Steven A. Block is Professor of International Economics and Director of the Program on International Development at the Fletcher School of Law & Diplomacy, and Associate Professor at the Friedman School of Nutrition Science & Policy, both at Tufts University.  His research focuses on food and agricultural policy in developing countries, and on the political economy of policy reform.  Much of his work concentrates on sub-Saharan Africa.  His recent publications include:  “The Decline and Rise of Agricultural Productivity in Sub-Saharan Africa Since 1961,” as well as “The Political Economy of Agricultural Trade Interventions in Africa,” (with Robert Bates), “Up in Smoke: Tobacco Use, Expenditure on Food, and Child Malnutrition in Developing Countries," (with Patrick Webb), and he is also co-author of a leading textbook on development economics.  Professor Block teaches courses on development economics, agricultural policy, and political economy.  He earned his MPP and Ph.D. (in political economy) from Harvard University.

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Kwesi Botchwey

After an early school foundation which spanned elementary schools in Bawku, Yendi, and Wa, all in what is now Ghana's Upper East Region and in Agona Asafo, and a combination of Presbyterian and Catholic second cycle education, Dr. Kwesi Botchwey obtained degrees from the University of Ghana, Yale Law School and the University of Michigan Law School, where he obtained his doctorate degree in Juridical Science.

In 1970, he launched an academic career that started with lecturing at the University of Zambia, and continued with positions at the University of Dar es Salaam, and the University of Ghana. In 1982, he interrupted his academic career with a long thirteen year stint as Ghana’s Minister of Finance and Economic Planning, after which he resumed his academic career, which then took him to the Harvard Institute of International Development (HIID), the Center for International Development at Harvard (CID), the Earth Institute at Columbia University, and the Fletcher School at Tufts University where he was Professor of Practice in Development Economics.

He is currently Founder and Executive Chairman of the African Policy Ownership Initiative (ADPOI), and a member of the President’s Economic Advisory Council in Ghana. He is also a serving member of the UN Committee on Development Policy. Visit his website here.

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Deborah Brautigam

picDr. Deborah Bräutigam has been writing about China, Africa, state-building, governance and foreign aid for almost 30 years. Currently Professor and Director of the International Development Program at Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), she has also held faculty appointments at American University, Columbia University, and the University of Bergen, Norway, and been a fellow with the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; the Centre for Chinese Studies, Stellenbosch University, South Africa; the Universities of Liberia, Mauritius, and Sierra Leone; and the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).

Author most recently of The Dragon’s Gift: The Real Story of China in Africa (Oxford University Press 2009, 2011), Dr. Bräutigam’s other books include Taxation and State-Building in Developing Countries: Capacity and Consent (co-editor, Cambridge University Press, 2008); Aid Dependence and Governance (Almquist & Wiksell, 2000); and Chinese Aid and African Development: Exporting the Green Revolution (St. Martin’s Press, 1998). Professor Brautigam has published over sixty scholarly articles, book chapters, and commentaries for the general public. Her work has been translated into Chinese, Spanish, Danish, French, Norwegian, and Turkish.

Dr. Bräutigam has twice won the Fulbright research award, and is also a recipient of a Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellowship, grants from the Smith Richardson Foundation, the German Marshall Fund of the United States, and the Centre for Economic Policy and Research (CEPR). In addition to her scholarship, she has served as a consultant for Transparency International, the United Nations, the World Bank, DfID, GTZ, DANIDA, the African Development Bank, and the U.S. Agency for International Development. Her Ph.D. is from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University.

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Bhaskar Chakravorti

Bhaskar Chakravorti is the executive director of Fletcher's innovative Institute for Business in the Global Context and Center for Emerging Market Enterprises (CEME) and a professor of practice in International Business. Prior to Fletcher, he was a Partner of McKinsey & Company and a Distinguished Scholar at MIT's Legatum Center for Development and Entrepreneurship. He also served on the faculty of the Harvard Business School and the Harvard University Center for the Environment. Over his 20+ year career as consultant and educator, he has advised more than 30 companies in the Fortune 500, policy-makers, investors, and entrepreneurs. His work has spanned multiple geographies: the Americas, EU, Asia, and Africa. At McKinsey, he was a leader of its Innovation and Global Forces practices and he served on the Firm's Knowledge Services Committee that oversees McKinsey Knowledge Centers, a 1,200 member group of researchers and analysts based in China, India, Belgium, and the US, among others. At Harvard, he taught innovation, entrepreneurship management, and new venture formation. Chakravorti's prior appointments include: partner and thought leader at Monitor Group; game theorist and member of the technical staff at Bellcore (formerly Bell Labs); assistant professor of economics at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; and officer of TAS, the executive cadre for the Tata Group. Chakravorti's book, "The Slow Pace of Fast Change: Bringing Innovations to Market in a Connected World," Harvard Business School Press -- selected as one of the Best Business Books of the year by multiple publications and an Amazon.com best-seller on Innovation -- has been influential in many client and policy recommendations. He has published widely in both academic and widely read publications and has been invited to speak before academic, executive, and policy audiences and to the media around the world.

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Ann Cotton

picAnn Cotton is Executive Director of Camfed International, a nonprofit organization which fights poverty and HIV/AIDS in Africa by educating girls and empowering women to become leaders of change. Young people and education have been the focus of Ann Cotton's life. In her early career, she established and led an education center for girls excluded from mainstream education in London. While at Boston University in the US, she studied the multi-cultural education system of Massachusetts before returning to the UK to study Human Rights and Education at the London Institute of Education. Following research into the constraints on girls' education in Zimbabwe, Ann founded Camfed in 1993. In 2000, Ann went on to study at the UK School for Social Entrepreneurs. She has an MA in Human Rights and Education, is an honorary Master of the Open University, and is an Entrepreneur in Residence at Cambridge University. In 2004 Ann was named UK Social Entrepreneur of the Year, and in 2005 was awarded both the Skoll Award for Social Entrepreneurship and a UK Beacon Fellowship. In 2006, she became a Schwab Social Entrepreneur and Ann received an OBE in honor of her services to girls' education in Africa. In 2007 she was awarded an honorary doctorate in law from the University of Cambridge.

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Alex de Waal

Alex de Waal is executive director of the World Peace Foundation at The Fletcher School. Considered one of the foremost experts on Sudan and the Horn of Africa, his scholarly work and practice has also probed humanitarian crisis and response, human rights, HIV/AIDS and governance in Africa, and conflict and peacebuilding.

In 1988, he received a D.Phil. in social anthropology at Nuffield College, Oxford for his thesis on the 1984-5 Darfur famine in Sudan. The next year he joined the Africa division of Human Rights Watch, only to resign in December 1992 in protest for HRW's support for the American military involvement in Somalia. He was the first chairman of the Mines Advisory Group at the beginning of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines. He set up two independent human rights organizations, African Rights (1993) and Justice Africa (1999), focusing respectively on documenting human rights abuses and developing policies to respond to human rights crises, notably in Rwanda, Somalia and Sudan. From 1997 to 2001, he focused on avenues to peaceful resolution of the second Sudanese Civil War. In 2001, he returned to his work on health in Africa, writing on the intersection of HIV/AIDS, poverty and governance, and initiated the Commission on HIV/AIDS and Governance in Africa.

Following a fellowship with the Global Equity Initiative at Harvard (2004-06), he worked with the Social Science Research Council as director of the program on HIV/AIDS and Social Transformation, and led projects on conflict and humanitarian crisis in Africa (2006-09). During 2005-06, de Waal was seconded to the African Union mediation team for Darfur and from 2009-11 served as senior adviser to the African Union High-Level Implementation Panel for Sudan. He was on the list of Foreign Policy’s 100 most influential public intellectuals in 2008 and Atlantic Monthly’s 27 “brave thinkers” in 2009.

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Anamitra Deb

picAnamitra Deb is a Senior Manager at Monitor Group and a founding member of Monitor Inclusive Markets, a dedicated practice that focuses on catalyzing market-based approaches to improve the lives and livelihoods of the global poor (see www.mim.monitor.com).

In that capacity, he has led multiple engagements, notably in financial inclusion, low-income housing, agriculture and livelihoods, healthcare and impact investing for a variety of clients spanning foundations and donors, emerging market-oriented corporations and investment funds. Currently based in Cambridge, MA, he has worked for Monitor in South Asia, Africa and MENA, and North America on a range of private sector, public sector and development issues.

Anamitra has co-authored reports on financial inclusion and capability (Bridging the Gap: The Business Case for Financial Capability); low-income housing (Building Houses, Financing Homes); and contributed chapters to other publications by Monitor and others. He has been invited to speak at numerous conferences, panels and fora on inclusive business models and market-based solutions. Anamitra holds two Masters of Science degrees from Oxford University, which he attended as a Rhodes Scholar, and is also a graduate of Mount Allison University, Canada and the Lester B Pearson United World College, Canada. 

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Tony Elumelu

picTony O. Elumelu, MFR is Founder of The Tony Elumelu Foundation, an Africa-based and African-funded philanthropy, whose mission is to identify and groom African business leaders and entrepreneurs to achieve the Foundation’s central objective of enhancing the competitiveness and growth of Africa’s private sector. He is also Chairman of Heirs Holdings Limited, an African investment company deploying proprietary capital for the long term in the most promising sectors of the continent and Tenoil Petroleum and Energy Services Limited.. His reputation as a prominent African business leader is founded on his vision and strategy for United Bank for Africa Plc (UBA), a single country bank he transformed into a Pan-African financial services institution serving over 7 million customers in 20 African countries and operating in Europe and the United States. He retired as Group Chief Executive Officer of UBA in July 2010.

Mr. Elumelu is the leading proponent of Africapitalism™: the private sector’s commitment to the economic transformation of Africa through investments that create economic prosperity and social wealth. His passionate commitment to proving that the African private sector can be the primary driver and beneficiary of Africa’s economic transformation is evident by the numerous honors, board and committee appointments he has. In 2003, the government of Nigeria conferred on him the national honour of Member of the Order of the Federal Republic. In 2011, New African magazine named him one of the Top 100 Most Influential Africans in the area of business and finance. He also serves as Chairman of Transnational Corporation (Transcorp), a diversified conglomerate with strategic investments and core interests in the hospitality, agribusiness and oil and gas sectors.

He is married to Dr. Awele V. Elumelu and together they have five children.

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Michael Fairbanks

picMichael Fairbanks co-founded the SEVEN Fund in 2005. SEVEN is a philanthropic foundation based in Cambridge, Massachusetts run by entrepreneurs, whose strategy is to produce films, books and original research to markedly increase the rate of diffusion of enterprise solutions to global poverty.

He is the founder and Chairman Emeritus of the OTF Group, a strategy-consulting firm based in Boston, and the first venture-backed U.S. firm to focus on developing nations. He was a U.S. Peace Corps teacher in Kenya. A long-time angel investor in the life sciences, he is a founding shareholder in Merrimack Pharmaceuticals, based in Cambridge, Massachusetts, which has drugs currently undergoing FDA trials to fight cancer. Mr. Fairbanks is also a founding board member of Silver Creek Pharmaceuticals, based in San Francisco, which is focused on solutions to heart disease. He is helping to launch Akagera Pharmaceuticals, which will focus on solutions to infectious disease.

He has been a Senior Advisor since 2001 to President Paul Kagame of Rwanda on private sector development and export competitiveness. Other recent projects include advising the President of the Inter-American Development Bank on creating its USD 250 million Opportunities for the Majority private sector initiative; and advising the Minister of Finance of Afghanistan on private-sector reforms. Mr. Fairbanks testified to U.S. Congress twice in the last twelve months on enterprise solutions to poverty in Haiti. He conceived and oversees the Global Pioneers of Prosperity Program, in cooperation with OTF, Legatum, the Multilateral Investment Fund, and the Templeton Foundation, which finds and recognizes role model businesses in the world’s poorest nations. Read more about Mr. Fairbanks here.

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Anne-Marie Gulde-Wolf

picAnne-Marie Gulde-Wolf, a German National, is Deputy Director of the IMF’s African Department (AFR). In addition to her involvement in the overall management of AFR, she is directly overseeing the Department’s work on a number of Southern and Central African countries, including South Africa. Before re-joining the African Department in early 2012, she was Deputy Director of the European Department (EUR, 2008-2012), and earlier held positions in the African, and Monetary and Capital Markets Department. As Deputy Director in EUR she was overseeing work on Central and Eastern Europe—including the programs with Hungary and Latvia—and on Sweden, Switzerland and Israel. She also served and the IMF’s mission chief to France. In her earlier tenure in the African Department (2004-2007) Ms. Gulde-Wolf was mission chief for the two monetary unions (WAEMU and CEMAC) and coordinated the department’s financial sector work. While in MCM she was in charge of financial stability policy, including the original design of the Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAPs).

Ms. Gulde-Wolf studied Economics, Political Science and History in Tuebingen, (Germany), St. Louis (USA), and Kiel (Germany) and holds a PhD in international economics from the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva (Switzerland).  She has published widely on different topics in international economics, with a focus on exchange rate regimes, currency boards, and financial stability and development issues.

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Jay Ireland

picJay Ireland is President and CEO of GE Africa. In this role he has responsibility for GE’s operations in sub-Saharan Africa, which includes more than 800 professionals.

Previously, Jay was President and CEO of GE Asset Management (GEAM), a leading global investment firm managing portfolios for a variety of clients, including corporate and public plan sponsors, foundations, endowments, and other investors worldwide, as well as those for GE’s primary U.S. pension plan and other benefit programs. Prior to GEAM, Jay was President of NBC Universal Television Stations and Network Operations. In this role, he had overall executive responsibility for NBC Universal’s 10 television stations, the Telemundo network and its 16 Spanish language television stations, domestic first-run syndication, affiliate relations, and Network Operations. Before joining NBC in 1999, he had been the CFO of GE Plastics. 

After three years as an U.S. Army Officer, Jay started his career with General Electric in 1980 in the Financial Management Program in Lynchburg, Virginia. He became a member of the Corporate Audit Staff, and in 1988 joined GE Plastics where he held several financial and product management assignments. In 1990, Ireland was named managing director of Polymerland-Europe, a plastics distribution company. In March 1993, he was named Manager, Corporate Investor Communications, and was appointed Vice President, Corporate Audit Staff in May 1995. 

Jay is a Trustee of the Norman Rockwell Museum in Stockbridge, Massachusetts, a member of the board of the Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation, and a Trustee of St. Lawrence University, where he received a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1977.

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Joseph Kitamirike

picMr. Joseph S. Kitamirike has been the Chief Executive of Uganda Securities Exchange, since August 2010.

In his previous assignments he worked as CEO of National Housing & Construction Company between 2005 and 2010, Commissioner for Industry & Technology between 2004 and 2005 at the Ministry of Tourism, Trade & Industry and Research Analyst at General Electric Capital Corp, Stanford, Connecticut. He also worked with Uganda Development Bank and Uganda Investment Authority.

Mr. Kitamirike is currently the Chairman of the East African Securities Exchanges Association (EASEA), an executive member of the African Stock Exchanges Association (ASEA. He also serves as director on the Board of the Central Depository & Settlement Corporation of Kenya, the Fidelis International Institute and as Senior Director at the Albright Stonebridge Group in Washington, DC.

Mr. Kitamirike holds a B.Sc. (Eng) (Hons.) in Mechanical Engineering from Makerere University and a MBA (Finance) from the University of Connecticut, USA. He is an avid reader with interest in the fields of business, economics and leadership.

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Anna Locke

picAnna Locke is Head of the Overseas Development Institute's Agricultural Development and Policy Programme. She joined ODI in July 2011 after having worked for 19 years in development, 12 of which were based in Mozambique.

Anna is an agricultural economist with an MSc in Agricultural Economics for Developing Countries from the University of East Anglia following a BA in Philosophy, Politics and Economics at the University of Oxford. She started her career as an ODI Fellow in Mozambique, followed by six years in a commodities research consultancy, working in a range of countries in southern Africa and Brazil. She returned to Mozambique to help the government of Mozambique to establish an agriculture promotion center, developing policy to promote a range of crops and private sector development in agriculture. 

She has in-depth experience of working with market-led agriculture, analyzing and advising on how to develop agriculture in such a way as to promote sustainable growth and reduce poverty, based on principles of competitiveness, market access and inclusiveness. Her focus in recent years has been on issues of land governance and biofuels, looking at: the linkages between agriculture, energy and climate change; drivers and issues in large-scale land acquisition and agricultural investment; land tenure regularisation and strengthening of land administration; and land policy.

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Laila Macharia

Raised in Kenya, Namibia and Somalia, Dr. Laila Macharia is the Founder of Scion Real, an investment firm that targets opportunities in Africa’s cities. Prior to Scion Real, Dr. Macharia had wide experience managing US$ portfolios and transactions in the United States, including at the New York office of Clifford Chance.

Since relocating to East Africa in 2003, Dr. Macharia has been at the forefront of several transformative initiatives in the financial, transport and building sectors. This rich experience informs her current teaching at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public & International Affairs of Princeton University. 

Dr. Macharia holds a doctorate in law from Stanford University and a JD and LL.M from Cornell University.  She is a Fellow of the Aspen Institute’s Africa Leadership Initiative and in 2012, was named one of the “Top 20 Women to Watch in Africa” by the Times of London.

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Kingsley Chiedu Moghalu

picDr. Kingsley Chiedu Moghalu is Deputy Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria with responsibility for Financial System Stability.

He was the Founder and CEO of Sogato Strategies SA, a global strategy and risk management consulting firm in Geneva, Switzerland. He previously worked for the United Nations for 17 years in legal, strategy and senior management roles at The UN Headquarters in New York and at duty stations in Cambodia, Croatia, Tanzania, and Switzerland.

Dr. Moghalu obtained a Ph.D. In International Relations at the London School of Economics and Political Science, the M.A. from The Fletcher School at Tufts University, the LL.B degree from the University of Nigeria, and the Certificate in Risk Management from the Institute of Risk Management in London, UK. He is the author of Global Justice: The Politics of War Crimes Trials (2008), Rwanda's Genocide (2005), the forthcoming Africa's Future: A Worldview Argument, and Banking on Reform: Banking Regulation, Financial Stability and Public Policy. His articles on international affairs, political economy and public policy have appeared in Central Banking Journal, Washington Post, International Herald Tribune, and in academic journals.

Kingsley Moghalu was conferred with the Nigerian national honor of the Officer of the Order of the Niger (OON) by the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria in 2012.

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Léonce Ndikumana

picLéonce Ndikumana is the Andrew Glyn Professor of economics and Director of the African Policy Program at the Political Economy Research Institute (PERI) at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. He served as Director of Operational Policies and Director of Research at the African Development Bank, Chief of Macroeconomic Analysis at the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA. He is an Honorary Professor of economics at the University of Stellenbosch. He has contributed to various areas of research and policy analysis on African countries, including external debt and capital flight, financial markets and growth, macroeconomic policies for growth and employment, and the economics of conflict and civil wars in Africa. He is co-author of Africa’s Odious Debt: How Foreign Loans and Capital Flight Bled a Continent, in addition to dozens of academic articles and book chapters on African development and Macroeconomics. He is a graduate of the University of Burundi and received his doctorate from Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri.

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Mouhamadou Niang

picMr. Mouhamadou Niang works at the African Development Bank as Manager of the Industries & Services Division, in the Private Sector Department. He oversees the Bank’s private sector investments in Natural Resources, including  Mining, Oil and Gas, and Agribusiness industries.  Mouhamadou has more than 15 years of experience in project finance and private equity funds investing.  Before joining the Bank, he held various positions, most recently at the Islamic Development Bank as deputy head of structured finance, Senior Advisor to Modern African Managers and Investment Officer at the IFC.

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Deogratias Niyizonkiza

Deogratias (Deo) Niyizonkiza is Founder & Director of Village Health Works. Deo is a leading advocate for the most impoverished people in the world. His compassion, expertise and life experience have made him a key voice in global health and development. 

An American citizen, Deo was born in rural Burundi where he attended grade school and part of medical school. Arriving alone in the US, his incredible courage, determination and ingenuity led him to Columbia University for his undergraduate education. He went on to study at Harvard's School of Public Health and Dartmouth Medical School. In 2006, Deo traveled back to Burundi to establish Village Health Works. Deo's passion rallied the southern Burundi community of Kigutu into action. With community-donated land and an army of committed volunteers, the clinic opened in December 2007. Deo's success in building an entirely community-driven health and development organization is unprecedented, and makes Village Health Works unique among NGOs. 

Deo’s extraordinary story is told in Tracy Kidder’s most recent work, Strength in What Remains, a New York Times best seller named one of the best books of the year by the Washington Post, the San Francisco Chronicle, the Los Angeles Times, and the Chicago Tribune. A frequent lecturer on global health, Deo is the recipients of multiple awards including the 2011 International Medal Award of St. John’s University and the 2010 Women Refugee Commission’s Voices of Courage Award.


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Steven Radelet

picSteve Radelet is the chief economist for the U.S. Agency for International Development. During 2010, he served as senior adviser for development for the secretary of state, where he advised leadership on strategies to strengthen and elevate development across the U.S. Government. From 2002 to 2010, he was a senior fellow at the Center for Global Development, where his work focused on economic growth, poverty reduction, foreign aid, debt and trade.

Radelet served as an economic adviser to the President of Liberia from 2005-2009, and was founding co-chair of the Modernizing Foreign Assistance Network. From 2000 to 2002, he was deputy assistant secretary of the treasury for Africa, the Middle East and Asia. From 1990 to 2000, Radelet was a fellow at the Harvard Institute for International Development, director of the institute's macroeconomics program, and a lecturer on economics and public policy at Harvard University. He has also served as resident adviser to the Ministry of Finance in Indonesia and The Gambia, and he was a Peace Corps Volunteer in Western Samoa.

Radelet is the author of Emerging Africa: How 17 Countries are Leading the Way (2010) and Challenging Foreign Aid: A Policymaker's Guide to the Millennium Challenge Account (2003), and co-author of Economics of Development (6th edition, 2006), a leading undergraduate textbook.  He holds master's and PhD degrees in public policy from Harvard University, and a B.S. in mathematics from Central Michigan University.

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Reeta Roy

picReeta Roy is President and CEO of The MasterCard Foundation, a leading philanthropic organization focused on microfinance and youth learning initiatives. Under her leadership, the Foundation has prioritized Africa to make its most substantial commitments.  It forges large-scale partnerships with a diverse range of visionary organizations, and is initiating large-scale initiatives, such as the $500 million Scholars Program. 

A passionate advocate, Reeta works to ensure that the Foundation is deeply engaged in the field and travels extensively in the field to better understand the lives of the people served by the Foundation’s partnerships.  Her reflections on these experiences have been featured on the blogs of the Foundation, the Huffington Post, and the Standford Social Innovation Review.

Reeta is a member of the Aspen Philanthropy Group and the World Economic Forum Council on Social Innovation. She has spoken before a wide array of fora, including the UN General Assembly (for the International Year of Youth), the Clinton Global Initiative, the World Innovation Summit for Education, and the UNESCO Youth Forum.  

Prior to joining the Foundation, Reeta was the Divisional Vice President of Global Citizenship and Policy at the global health care company Abbott, and was Vice President of the Abbott Fund, its corporate foundation.  She led Abbott’s public-private initiatives related to HIV/AIDS in Africa, its global product donations program, and a variety of community initiatives. From 1991 to 2002 Reeta held a number of leadership positions at Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, working on global health issues and private-public partnerships. Prior to joining the private sector, she worked at the United Nations. 

Reeta received a Master of Arts in Law and Diplomacy from The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University, and a Bachelor of Arts from St. Andrews Presbyterian College.  In 2011, Reeta accepted the Women’s Opportunity Network’s International Women’s Leadership Award, on behalf of The MasterCard Foundation.

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Ian Solomon

picIan Solomon is the United States Executive Director of the World Bank Group. Mr. Solomon was nominated by President Barack Obama and confirmed unanimously by the United States Senate. As the U.S. Executive Director, he represents the United States as the largest shareholder on the executive boards of the World Bank Group institutions.

Previously, Mr. Solomon was Senior Advisor to the Secretary of the United States Department of the Treasury on international and domestic issues, including working on the Administration’s global food security initiative as a member of Secretary Geithner’s senior staff. From March 2005 through November 2008, Mr. Solomon served as Legislative Counsel to then-U.S. Senator Barack Obama working on issues relating to poverty, economic development, government reform, tax, budget, banking, and finance.

Before coming to Washington DC, Mr. Solomon was Associate Dean at Yale Law School overseeing finance and administration. He co-taught a popular seminar on negotiation and conflict resolution and was actively involved in urban economic development initiatives. Mr. Solomon served as Chairman of the New Haven, Connecticut Port Authority and as Treasurer to revitalize New Haven’s world-renowned Shubert Theater. He directed an initiative to increase small and minority business contracting with the City of New Haven, and worked to grow businesses and create jobs through technology transfer by Yale University. Mr. Solomon was a consultant with McKinsey & Company in New York, where he helped global financial institutions, media companies, and non-profit organizations realize strategic and operational opportunities. He advised the CEO of the Upper Manhattan Empowerment Zone, a major urban economic development initiative, and served as Acting Director of its lending subsidiary for small businesses and entrepreneurs.

Originally from New York, Mr. Solomon lived in South Africa during the period of transition to nonracial democracy. He co-authored two chapters in “No More Tears… Struggles for Land in Mpumalanga, South Africa” (Africa World Press, 1997). Mr. Solomon received his bachelor’s degree, magna cum laude, from Harvard College and his law degree from Yale Law School. He lives in Maryland with his wife and their two sons.

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Minoru Tsukada

picMr. Minoru Tsukada is the President of Hitachi Research Institute, a position he has held since 2009. Prior to serving as president of HRI, Mr. Tsukada had held various positions at Hitachi, Ltd. since joining the company in 1969. Most recently, he was Senior Vice President and Executive Officer, Corporate Planning & Development from 2008-2009. From 2006 to 2008 he served as Senior Vice President and Executive Officer, Chief Executive for China, and Chief Innovation Officer for China.  Mr. Tsukuda also served as Chairman of Hitachi (China) Ltd. from 2005-2008. Mr. Tsukada obtained an MBA from Northwestern University, and is also a graduate of Kyoto University, Faculty of Law.

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Peter Uvin

Peter Uvin is Academic Dean and Henry J. Leir Professor of International Humanitarian Studies at The Fletcher School. He has written extensively on the intersection between human rights, development, and conflict resolution. He has been a frequent consultant to agencies working in Africa on these same issues. His 1998 book “Aiding Violence: The Development Enterprise in Rwanda” won the Herskovits Award for the most outstanding book on Africa. In 2006/7, he received a Guggenheim Fellowship, which led to his latest book “Life after Violence. A People’s History of Burundi” (2008). He also wrote a book on "Development and Human Rights" (2004). Dr. Uvin obtained his Licences in Diplomatic Science and in Political Science from the University of Ghent and his Ph.D in Political Science from Institut Universitaire de Hautes Etudes Internationales, University of Geneva.

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Peter Walker

picPeter Walker has been Director of the Feinstein International Center at Tufts University since September 2002 and active in development and disaster response since 1979. He has worked for a number of British-based NGOs and environmental organizations in several African countries, and has been a university lecturer and director of a food wholesaling company. He joined the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies in Geneva in 1990 where he was Director of Disaster Policy for 10 years before moving to Bangkok as Head of the Federation's regional programs for Southeast Asia. He has traveled extensively in the Middle East, Africa, Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union, and has published widely on subjects as diverse as the development of indigenous knowledge and famine early warning systems, to the role of military forces in disaster relief. Dr. Walker was the founder and manager of the World Disasters Report and played a key role in initiating and developing both the Code of Conduct for disaster workers and the Sphere humanitarian standards. He holds a BSc from Sheffield University and a Ph.D in soil science, also from Sheffield University.

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Reid E. Whitlock

Dr.Whitlock is the President of the School of Finance and Banking, one of East Africa’s most prestigious business universities, based in Kigali, Rwanda. Prior to that he was most recently the Country Director for the OTF (On The Frontier) Group, where he led the firm’s competitive strategy practice in the East Africa region from a base in the firm’s Rwanda office. Over a thirty year career, Dr. Whitlock has served as a business school professor, a diplomat, an entrepreneur, a Special Forces commander and an advisor to scores of developing country leaders in Africa, Asia and the Middle East on economic development. His career has given him a clear grasp of business strategy, transportation issues, post-harvest agricultural value chains and private sector development in post-conflict, state-led and formerly-state-led economies. In the academic arena, he has taught graduate economics/business courses in universities in Denmark, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Rwanda and the United States. He received his Ph.D. and law degree from the Fletcher School of Law & Diplomacy. He is also an alumnus of Harvard Business School and Princeton University.

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