Inside Fletcher: Faculty

Affiliated Faculty Appointments at The Fletcher School

The “affiliated faculty appointments at the Fletcher School” policy enters into force on the date of adoption by the faculty, i.e. March 31, 2010.

Members of the affiliated faculty who currently have contracts with the School will continue to carry their titles until the end of their current contract. Any change in title or contractual terms, if required, will occur at the time of contract renewal.

If there are members of the affiliated faculty whose terms are indeterminate, then review and, if necessary, adjustment, of their titles should occur within one year of adoption of the policy.

I.          General remarks on “affiliated faculty”

For the purpose of this document, the term “affiliated faculty” refers to all non-tenure-track faculty at the School.

While the School remains firmly committed to the policy of filling long-term positions with tenure-track/tenured faculty, the breadth of the School’s course offerings and the diversity of its educational programs frequently require the hiring of affiliated faculty. The need for affiliated faculty is no longer limited to temporary exceptional circumstances (filling in for a faculty member on sabbatical, for example), or for narrow niche courses (having a highly specialized course taught by an outside expert, for example). Increasingly, the School faces circumstances where it is necessary to hire faculty who are expected to make important contributions to the Fletcher School on a medium-term affiliated basis. Examples of this include situations where the nature of the underlying funding stream is too uncertain to make tenure track/tenured appointments financially feasible; where highly competent scholars pursue non-traditional academic career paths; or where important professional and pedagogical competencies are possessed by people without traditional professorial profiles. In all these cases, upon careful consideration, the School may wish to hire affiliated faculty not as a second-best but as a first-best option, and possibly on a basis that is more long-term, more collegial, and more advantageous than the traditional model of temporary adjuncts or visiting faculty (although both of these types of positions are likely to continue to exist as well).    

As the School is called to broaden its range of appointments, it seeks to maintain a balance between its continued commitment to hiring as many faculty as possible on a tenure track/tenured basis and providing the best possible working conditions for affiliated faculty.  

The Fletcher School is committed to supportive working conditions for all faculty, whatever their contractual basis, and regardless of whether they are full-time or part-time, tenure-track or affiliated. This will be achieved by, among others things, making affiliated appointments for multi-year periods wherever possible (i.e. when predictable income flows exist; after an initial test period and subject to the individual’s performance; and after a determination has been made that there is continued need for the individual’s services); by providing affiliated faculty with a faculty allowance to allow them to remain professionally active; by including certain categories of affiliated faculty in the Full Faculty; by inviting, wherever possible and desirable, affiliated faculty in the institutions of governance of the School; and by providing affiliated faculty with benefits when warranted.

Affiliated faculty, if they meet the criteria of the job description, are eligible to apply for openings on the tenure track.  If selected for such positions, they "switch" (i.e., receive a new appointment) to the tenure track.  None of the time served at the School on an affiliated appointment will count toward the tenure probationary period, but the individual may request early tenure pursuant to tenure regulations.

              II. Categories of Affiliated Faculty

 

Affiliated faculty includes the following categories:

1.         Adjunct Professors. Adjunct appointments are for people from outside the University who may or may not hold academic appointments elsewhere. Adjunct appointments can be made at the assistant, associate or full professor rank for instructors hired to teach for a specified term. Adjunct professors may hold full-time administrative positions at Tufts (but not concurrent faculty positions at Tufts).

Adjunct professors are not required to make the type of scholarly contribution expected of tenured or tenure-track faculty.

Adjunct appointments can be part-time or full-time. Most appointments are part-time. Initial part-time appointments shall normally be for one semester or one year, and may be renewed for fixed terms of no more than three years, so long as the needs of the School and the quality of the individual’s performance warrant such appointment.

Individuals hired for a full-time adjunct appointment should have academic or professional experience that is sufficiently distinguished to warrant such an appointment. While excellence in teaching is the primary criterion for renewal and promotion, full-time adjunct professors are also expected to be active in research. Appointments of full-time adjunct faculty may be made for up to 5 years and are renewable, although there is no presumption in favor of renewal.

2.         Visiting Professors.  Visiting appointments at the assistant, associate, or full professor rank are appropriate for instructors who are on leave from a full-time academic position to serve at the Fletcher School for a specified period of time.  The rank of the individual serving in the visiting capacity should be commensurate with his/her title at the institution from which he/she is on leave. It is expected that the individual will be in residence at the Fletcher School during the period of the appointment. Visiting appointments may be made for terms not to exceed two years. 

3.         Lecturers.  Appointments at the lecturer and senior lecturer rank are appropriate for instructors whose primary qualification for hiring is their involvement or experience in practice, whether in government, international organizations, non-governmental organizations, or private sector enterprises and who are hired to teach on a part-time or full-time basis. Lecturer appointments will be made at junior levels, with the title “Lecturer,” or at senior levels, with the title “Senior Lecturer.” Persons who have not earned the PhD,  JD, or comparable terminal degree and who do not qualify for the professor of practice category can only be appointed as lecturers.

Lecturers may be appointed on a full-time or part-time basis. Initial appointments shall normally be for one semester or one year, and may be renewed for fixed terms of no more than three years, so long as the needs of the School and the quality of performance warrant such appointment.  There is no presumption in favor of renewal.

4.         Professors of Practice.  Professors of Practice are senior practitioners who have a distinguished record of public or private service. Professors of practice should be able to bring to the students, on a continuing basis, the benefits of such experience. Professors of practice are not required to make the type of scholarly contribution expected of tenured or tenure-track faculty.   Professors of Practice will be appointed for one semester or one year; such appointments are renewable for terms of up to three years, so long as the individual’s performance and the needs of the School warrant renewal. There is no presumption in favor of renewal.

5.         Research Professors. Term appointments at the assistant, associate or full professor rank may be made for faculty hired to do research within the School. The assistant, associate and full professor designations are intended to reflect the same levels of achievement as those designations for tenured and tenure-track faculty, but the prime standard for evaluation will be excellence in research. Research professors will be appointed pursuant to the Tufts University Board of Trustees Policy on Research Faculty Appointments. 

Research faculty members are expected to dedicate their full professional commitment to research and affiliated educational activities. Research faculty members may lecture in areas of their specialty, supervise students at various levels in related research projects, and participate in seminars, conferences, and similar activities.

Research faculty appointments require external support. The appointment terminates at any time the full external support terminates or is reduced to a level that is insufficient to provide full compensation and affiliated indirect costs.

6.         Post-Doctoral Fellows. Postdoctoral Fellows are persons who have earned a terminal degree and who work under the supervision of a faculty advisor pursuant to a grant or fellowship from an institution external to Tufts. Postdoctoral Fellow employment at Tufts is considered temporary and is dependent on continued availability of appropriate funds from the awarding body and satisfactory performance by the Fellow. The Fellow works under the direct supervision of a faculty advisor and is expected to produce work of publishable quality. Post-doctoral fellows will be appointed pursuant to the Tufts University’s Postdoctoral Handbook.

III. Procedures for Appointment

All appointments of affiliated faculty shall be made by the Dean.  All appointments must comply with University and School rules and procedures, including The Fletcher School of Law And Diplomacy Executive Faculty Statement on Affirmative Action, provided that all affiliated faculty appointments shall comply with the procedures provided for adjunct appointments in that Statement. 

The Dean shall solicit advice from the Curriculum Committee before appointments of the Adjunct, Visiting, and Lecturer type.  The Curriculum Committee bases its discussion on an analysis of, among other things, the importance of the proposed course(s) to the curriculum; the adequacy of the background of the proposed faculty member including, where possible, the candidate’s prior teaching experience; and the quality of the proposed syllabus.

The Dean shall solicit advice from the Tenure and Promotion Committee before appointments of Research Professors and Professors of Practice.

Appointments to postdoctoral fellow positions are subject to the requirements of research and training grants and must be approved by the Academic Dean.


IV. Procedures for Renewal 

The terms and conditions of each affiliated faculty member’s appointment are included in a written contract.  Term appointments of affiliated faculty are subject to renewal as set forth in the individual’s contract. The renewal decision is made by the Dean, up to the maximum duration allowed by the position category. The Dean has full discretion in renewal decisions: there is no presumption in favor of renewal.  

The Dean shall solicit advice from the Tenure and Promotion Committee before making reappointments of Research Professors, Professor of Practice, and full-time Adjunct Professors.

The appointments of Postdoctoral fellows, Part-time Adjunct Professors, and Lecturers may be renewed upon recommendation by the Academic Dean. 

Part-time Adjunct Professors, Lecturers, and Professors of Practice will be judged primarily on the basis of excellence in teaching: their student course evaluation scores should consistently be above the average scores for all courses in their division. Maintaining research productivity is encouraged but is of secondary importance in contract renewal. For full-time Adjunct Professors, in addition, a research agenda and research productivity in line with rank is expected for performance to be evaluated as satisfactory.

Professors of Research and Postdoctoral Fellows will be judged foremost on excellence in research; to the extent that they maintain a role in teaching and mentoring, this criterion will be of secondary importance in contract renewal.

The Tenure & Promotion committee will adapt its standards and procedures to reflect appropriate differences in the character of professional expertise expected of affiliated faculty members and tenure-track faculty members.

V. Procedures for Promotion

Affiliated faculty may request promotion when they are being considered for reappointment. The determination of promotion is made by the Dean. There is no presumption in favor of promotion.   

Individuals appointed to Visiting Faculty, Adjunct Professors who have tenured/tenure track academic appointments elsewhere, and Courtesy appointments (see below) will be appointed to the same rank as they have in their institutions of primary employment; consequently, promotion at the Fletcher School will normally follow promotion in their institution of primary employment.

Postdoctoral fellows and Professors of Practice are not eligible for promotion.

The Dean shall solicit advice from the Tenure and Promotion Committee before the promotion of Adjunct Professors who do not have tenured/tenure track academic appointments elsewhere, Lecturers, and Research Professors.

Adjunct Professors and Lecturers will be judged primarily on excellence in teaching: their student course evaluation scores should consistently be above the average scores for all courses in their division. Maintaining research productivity is encouraged but is of secondary importance in promotion.

Professors of Research will foremost be judged on excellence in research; to the extent that they maintain a role in teaching and mentoring, this criterion will be of secondary importance in promotion decisions.

The Tenure and Promotion committee will adapt its standards and procedures to reflect appropriate differences in the character of professional expertise expected of affiliated faculty members and tenure-track faculty members.

VI. Courtesy Appointments

Faculty at other Tufts schools are eligible for courtesy appointments at the Fletcher School if there is evidence of actual or potential collaboration at the highest level (level 1 below) in one of the areas of research, teaching or service, with some cooperation also occurring in at least one other area (levels 2 or 3 below).

A)    Research activities

            Level 1) co-operation in research projects, grant applications, etc.

            Level 2) co-operation within research institutes

            Level 3) co-organization of joint seminars and workshops

B)    Service and institutional co-operation

            Level 1) formal participation in job searches and other major tasks

            Level 2) informal participation in job searches and other major tasks

            Level 3) participation in other joint committees, etc.

C)   Teaching and advising

            Level 1) teaching of courses

            Level 2) advising (master’s theses, doctoral theses, etc.).

            Level 3) guest lecturing and other forms of pedagogical cooperation

Their appointment shall be at the same rank and title that they hold in their main appointment.

These appointments are voluntary.  They entail no formal obligations (whether teaching or service). They are non-budgetary: they commit the Fletcher School to no expenditures.  Individuals with Courtesy appointments are not evaluated by the Fletcher School’s faculty for promotion or tenure decisions.  

Candidates for courtesy appointments will contact the Dean or the Academic Dean, who will determine whether the above conditions have been met. The existence of tenured/tenure-track faculty sponsors within the Fletcher School is an important indicator of support for such an appointment. If the Dean determines that the individual has met the conditions for a courtesy appointment, the Dean will propose the candidate to the Executive faculty, which shall vote to approve or disapprove the conferring of the title. Appointments may be made for a period of up to 5 years and are renewable (as long as the preconditions for appointment continue to be satisfied, and after a renewal recommendation is made by the faculty).