Organized By Subject
Atmosphere and Space
Flora and Fauna - Biodiversity
Marine and Coastal
Trade and Commercial Relations
Rules of Warfare, Arms Control
MISCELLANEOUS HISTORICAL DOCUMENTS
Treaty of Westphalia (24 Oct 1648).
George Washington's Farewell Address to the People of the United States. September 17, 1796.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (2 Feb 1848)
Instructions for the Government of Armies of the United States in the Field. Prepared by Francis Lieber (The Lieber Code) (1863)
Convention (III) for the Adaption to Maritime Warfare of the Principles of the Geneva Convention of 22 August 1864 (1899)
John Hay to Andrew D. White First Open Door note. September 6, 1899.
Convention (XII) Relative to the Creation of an International Prize Court (1907)
Protocol for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes (1920)
Covenant of the League of Nations (as amended, 1924)
Briand-Kellogg Pact for the Renunciation of War as an Instrument of National Policy. (27 Aug 1928)
Statute of the Permanent Court of International Justice (as amended, 1929)
President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's "Quarantine" speech in Chicago, October 5, 1937.
The Truman Doctrine President Harry S. Truman's speech before a joint session of congress, March 12, 1947.
"Now the Trumpet Summons Us Again..." Inaugural Address of President John F. Kennedy, January 20, 1961.
Oneida Indian Nation's "Treaties Project"
Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat (RAMSAR) (2 Feb 1971).
Ramsar Convention Bureau
Treaty on the Prohibition of the Emplacement of Nuclear Weapons and other Weapons of Mass Destruction on the Seabed and the Ocean Floor and in the Subsoil thereof (11 Feb 1971).
Convention Concerning Protection against Hazards of Poisoning Arising from Benzene(23 June 1971)
Agreement Relating to the International Telecommunications Satellite Organization"INTELSAT" (with annexes and Operating Agreement) (20 Aug 1971)
Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Civil Aviation(23 Sep 1971)
Universal Copyright Convention as revised at Paris on 24 July 1971; and Protocols (24 Jul 1971)
Convention for the Protection of Producers of Phonograms against Unauthorized Duplication of their Phonograms (29 Oct 1971)
Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Seals (11 Feb 1972)
Convention on International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects (29 Mar 1972)
Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling ofBacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction (10 Apr 1972)
Treaty Between the United States of America and the Soviet Union and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Limitation of Anti- ballistic Missile Systems (26 May 1972); and Protocol of 3 July 1974.
United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm, 1972): Declaration;Action Plan
Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (16 Nov 1972).World Heritage List. List of the World Heritage in Danger. Operational GuidelinesSecretariat: UNESCO World Heritage Centre
Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter (London, December 29, 1972) and the 1996 Protocol (November 7, 1996)
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora(CITES) (3 Mar 1973); as amended 1979, 1983; 1995 with Appendices I, II and III. For the latest texts, consult the CITES Secretariat. List of Parties.
Convention Concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment (26 Jun 1973)
International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (2 November 1973).International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships as amended by the Protocol of 1978 (17 February 1978 from UNEP).
Agreement on the Conservation of Polar Bears (15 Nov 1973)
Convention for the Prevention of Marine Pollution from Land-Based Sources (4 Jun 1974); revised 1992
International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) (1 November 1974)
Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space (12 Nov 1974)
Convention for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea Against Pollution (16 Feb 1976) and Protocols (1980, 1982)
Convention on the Protection of the Archeological, Historical, and Artistic Heritage of the American Nations (Convention of San Salvador) (16 Jun 1976)
Convention on the International Maritime Satellite Organization (INMARSAT) with Annex and Operating Agreement (3 Sep 1976); as amended 1985; with Protocol (1981)
Convention on the Protection of the Rhine Against Chemical Pollution (3 Dec 1976).
Convention on the Prohibition of Military or any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques (10 Dec 1976)
Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the protection of victims of international armed conflict (Protocol I) (8 Jun 1977)
Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the protection of victims of non-international armed conflict (Protocol II) (8 Jun 1977)
International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships as amended by the Protocol of 1978 (17 February 1978 from UNEP).
Kuwait Regional Convention for Co-Operation on the Protection of the Marine Environment from Pollution (24 Apr 1978).
Vienna Convention on Succession of States in Respect of Treaties (23 Aug 1978)
Convention on Future Multilateral Cooperation in the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries (24 Oct 1978); as amended 1979
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (23 Jun 1979)
Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (19 Sept 1979)
Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (13 Nov 1979); and Protocols (Financing, 1984; Sulphur, 1985; Nitrogen Oxides, 1988; and Volatile Organic Compounds, 1991). Draft Protocol to the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution on Persistent Organic Pollutants. (1998)
Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies (5 Dec 1979)
United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (11 Apr 1980)
Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine and Living Resources (20 May 1980). Antartic Treaty System. Secretariat: Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR)
Convention on the Law Applicable to Contractual Obligations (19 Jun 1980)
Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weaponswhich may be deemed to be excessively injurious or to have indiscriminate effects (10 Oct 1980)
Convention on Future Multilateral Cooperation in the North-East Atlantic Fisheries (18 Nov 1980)
Convention for Co-operation in the Protection and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the West and Central African Region; and Protocol (23 Mar 1981)
Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and Coastal Area of the South-East Pacific (12 Nov 1981)
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (18 Dec 1981)
Regional Convention for the Conservation of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden Environment; and Protocol (14 Feb 1982)
Convention for the Conservation of Salmon in the North Atlantic Area (2 Mar 1982).
United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (10 Dec 1982).
-- Separated by PART and ANNEX. An indexed Web version of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. Text of Agreement Relating to the Implementation of Part XI. Ratification Status.
World Charter for Nature (1982)
Agreement for Co-Operation in Dealing with Pollution of the North Sea by Oil and Other Harmful Substances (13 Sept 1983)
International Tropical Timber Agreement (18 Nov 1983)
Convention in Agency in the International Sale of Goods (Geneva, 17 Feb 1983).
Provisional Understanding Regarding Deep Seabed Mining (3 Aug 1984) andAgreement on the Resolution of Practical Problems with Respect to Deep Seabed Mining Areas
Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (10 Dec 1984)
Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer (22 Mar 1985); Montreal Protocol (16 Sep 87), as amended 1990, 1992
Convention for the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Eastern African Region . (21 June 1985)
European Convention on Offences Relating to Cultural Property (23 Jun 1985)
South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty (6 Aug 1985)
Convention for the Protection of the Architectural Heritage of Europe (3 Oct 1985)
Inter-American Convention to Prevent and Punish Torture (9 Dec 1985)
Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties between States and International Organizations or Between International Organizations (21 Mar 1986)
Convention Concerning Safety in the Use of Asbestos (24 June 1986)
Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident (26 Sept 1986)
Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency(26 Sept 1986)
Convention for the Protection of the Natural Resources and Environment of the South Pacific Region (25 Nov 1986).
European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (Strasbourg 26 Nov 1987)
Unidroit Convention on International Factoring Ottawa, 28 May 1988. Text Version
Unidroit Convention on International Financial Leasing (Ottawa, 28 May 1988) Text Version
Convention on the Regulation of Antarctic Mineral Resource Activities (CRAMRA) (2 Jun 1988). Another copy; Antarctic Treaty System. Secretariat: Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR)
Additional Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights in the Area of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights "Protocol of San Salvador" (17 Nov 1988).
Antarctic Treaty System. Secretariat: Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR)
Convention on International Bills of Exchange and International Promissory Notes (9 Dec 1988)
Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal (22 Mar 1989). WWW version via Basel Convention Secretariat.
International Convention on Salvage; (24 Apr 1989). via Australian Treaty Series, 1998.
London Guidelines for the Exchange of Information on Chemicals in International Trade (25 May 1989)
ILO Convention Concerning Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Independent Countries (27 June 1989)
Convention on the Rights of the Child (20 Nov 1989)
Convention for the Prohibition of Fishing with Long Driftnets in the South Pacific (and Protocols) (24 Nov 1989)
Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights to Abolish the Death Penalty (7 June 1990).
Convention Concerning Safety in the Use of Chemicals at Work (25 June 1990)
Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (19 Nov 1990)
International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-Operation, 1990 (30 Nov 1990)
International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of all Migrant Workers and Members of their Families (18 Dec 1990)
Bamako Convention on the Ban of the Import into Africa and the Control of Transboundary Movement and Management of Hazardous Wastes within Africa (30 Jan 1991)
Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context (25 Feb 1991)
Inter-American Convention to Facilitate Disaster Assistance (7 Jun 1991).
Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty (4 Oct 1991)
Convention on Protection of the Alps (Alpine Convention) (7 Nov 1991)
European Convention for the Protection of the Archaeological Heritage of Europe (Revised) (16 Jan 1992)
Maastricht Treaty (Treaty of European Union) (12 Feb 1992) Treaty of Amsterdam (2 October, 1997). Text version of the Consolidated Treaty on European Union and the Treaty Establishing the European Community . Another version from the European Union Web Page. (1998). Treaty of Nice (26 Feb 2001) Ratification Situation.
Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes (17 Mar 1992)
Convention on the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents (17 Mar 1992)
Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area withAnnexes. (9 Apr 1992)
Convention on the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution (21 Apr 1992)
Draft Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (1992), University of Saskatchewan
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (9 May 1992) and Kyoto Protocol (Dec. 1997) ; Climate Change Secretariat. Climate Change Information from the UNEP Information Unit on Conventions
Convention on Biological Diversity (5 Jun 1992). Biodiversity Secretariat. States Parties.
Non-Legally Binding Authoritative Statement of Principles for a Global Consensus on the Management, Conservation and Sustainable Development of All Types of Forests [The Forest Principles] (13 Jun 1992)
The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development (14 Jun 1992)
United Nations Conference on Environment and Development: Agenda 21 and Other UNCED Agreements (14 Jun 1992)
Niue Treaty on Cooperation in Fisheries Surveillance and Law Enforcement in the South Pacific Region (9 July 1992)
Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North East Atlantic (22 Sep 1992). Web version from OSPAR.
Treaty on Open Skies; (24 Mar 1992). Text and annexes from U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Arms Control.
European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages (Strasbourg 5 Nov 1992)
Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction (13 Jan 1993). Technical Secretariat of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) and Ratification status.
North American Free Trade Agreement (1993) Printable text version.
Convention on the Protection of Children and Cooperation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption (29 May 1993)
Prevention of Major Industrial Accidents Convention (22 June 1993)
United Nations World Conference on Human Rights: Vienna Declaration and Action Programme (25 Jun 1993)
Convention on Civil Liability for Damage Resulting from Activities Dangerous to the Environment (1993)
North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation. (12 Sept 1993) Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC).
UN General Assembly Resolution (A/RES/48/15) on the Return or Restitution of Cultural Property to the Countries of Origin. (2 Nov 1993)
Protocol Number 1 to the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (Strasbourg 4 Nov 1993)
Protocol Number 2 to the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (Strasbourg 4 Nov 1993)
Code of Ethics on the International Trade in Chemicals (United Nations Environment Programme 1994)
Inter-American Convention on Forced Disappearance of Persons (9 June 1994)
United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa (17 Jun 1994); via UNDP with ratification information.
Convention for the Establishment of the Lake Victoria Fisheries Organization (30 June 1994)
Agreement on the Implementation of Part XI of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea ( 28 July 1994)
Buenos Aires Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage (Aug 1994)
European Energy Conference. European Energy Charter. Annexes and Protocol. (17 Dec 1994)
1994 Draft Declaration of Principles on Human Rights and the Environment
European Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities (Strasbourg 1 Feb 1995)
Unidroit Convention on Stolen or Illegally Exported Cultural Objects (24 June 1995)
Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 October 1982 Relating to the Conservation and management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks (4 August 1995)
Basel Ban (Amendment to the Basel Convention) (22 September 1995)
World Intellectual Property Organization - World Trade Organization: Agreement Between WIPO and WTO(22 December 1995)
International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in connection with the carriage of Hazardous and Noxious substances by Sea, 1996 (3 May 1996)
UNCITRAL - DRAFT MODEL LAW ON ELECTRONIC COMMERCE (revised 14 June 1996)
Final Communique of the NATO Partnership for Peace Conference on Cultural Heritage Protection in Wartime and in State of emergency, Cracow, 18-21 June 1996.
Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (Click on CTBT)(10 Sept 1996). UN Centre for Disarmamant Affairs
Convention on Jurisdiction, Applicable Law, Recognition, Enforcement and Co-operation in Respect of Parental Responsibility and Measures for the Protection of Children (19 Oct 1996)
Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans of the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and Contiguous Atlantic Area (November 24, 1996)
World Intellectual Property Organization: Copyright Treaty (December 20, 1996)
World Intellectual Property Organization: Performances and Phonograms Treaty(December 20, 1996)
Council of Europe: Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine (4 April 1997)
United Nations: Convention on the Law of the Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses (May 21, 1997)
Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management (5 September 1997) from IAEA.
Treaty of Amsterdam (2 October, 1997). Text version of the Consolidated Treaty on European Union and the Treaty Establishing the European Community . Another version from the European Union Web Page. (1998). Treaty of Nice (26 Feb 2001)Ratification Situation.
Council of Europe. European Convention on Nationality (6 Nov 1997)
Organization of American States. Inter-American Convention Against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials (14 Nov. 1997)
Conference of the Parties to the Framework Convention on Climate Change Kyoto Protocol(December 1997); Web version.
Draft version of OECD's Multilateral Agreement on Investment (MAI). (April 1998)
United Nations International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings (12 Jan 1998)
Protocol to the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution on Persistent Organic Pollutants (24 Jun 1998)
Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters (25 June 1998)
Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (17 July 1998); Ratification status.
Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure For Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade (11 September 1998)
Framework Agreement for the Conservation of the Living Marine Resources of the High Seas of the South Pacific ("Galapagos Agreement") (14 August 2000)
Convention on the Conservation and Management of Highly Migratory Fish Stocks in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean (5 Sept 2000)
Agreement on the International Dolphin Conservation Program (amended 30 October 2000) from the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission. Ratification status.
Convention concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour, entered into force Nov. 19, 2000.
United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. (15 Dec 2000) Advance copy of the authentic text. Includes the Protocol to prevent, suppress and punish trafficking in persons, especially women and children; and the Protocol against the smuggling of migrants by land, sea and air.
Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (22 Dec 2000); Ratification status.
United Nations Recommendations for the Transport of Dangerous Goods. Model Regulations. (12th revised edition 2001)
Treaty of Nice (26 Feb 2001) Ratification Situation.
Convention on the Conservation and Management of Fishery Resources in the South East Atlantic Ocean (20 April 2001)
Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (May 22, 2001)
International Code of Conduct on the Distribution and Use of Pesticides (Revised Version from Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, November 2002)
See Links to Other Treaty and Convention Sources