PUTTING PEOPLE FIRST
PROTECTION AND PROMOTION OF THE RIGHTS OF AT-RISK POPULATIONS
EMPOWERMENT OF PEOPLE
PROMOTION OF RESPONSIBLE GOVERNMENT AND INSTITUTIONAL PRACTICES
Lecture: "A Greater Measure of Justice: Reflections on the Women, Peace and Security Agenda," by Dr. Kimberly Theidon
Inaugural Henry J. Leir Human Security Award to Dr. Maria J. Stephan, F02, FG05
What factors affect state legitimacy in conflict-affected or fragile states, and how do researchers communicate these findings with policy makers in ways that enhance the likelihood of their use in policy decision-making?
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This week, the third in a series on our democracy in 2016, we’re discussing what you can’t change with a vote — at least for now.
Change is the electoral mood for now, with Bernie Sanders and Donald Trump’s victories in New Hampshire in the news. But change was the watchword of Barack Obama, too. What is an uneasy electorate asking for seven years later, and why aren’t they getting it?
Michael Glennon has a theory. He’s a former Senate lawyer who today teaches at Tufts’ Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy. In his book, National Security and Double Government, Glennon wants to explain the durability of national habits like the drone war, crackdowns on journalists, widespread surveillance, and secrecy by getting voters to see our government as split in two.
Listen to the full interview
Cautiously optimistic is how Dr. Saleem al-Jubouri, Speaker of the Iraq Council of Representatives, described the future of his country. While noting that Iraqis had faced enormous challenges in the last few years, including the rise of the Islamic State (IS, also known as Daesh) and a weak economy, he nevertheless reemphasized his belief in the Iraqi people in all its diversity.
“Differences in Iraq should be a unifying factor,” al-Jubouri said during an event held at The Fletcher School on January 28. “We cannot call Iraq, Iraq without all the minority groups.”
Al-Jubouri, who was presented the Public Diplomacy award for his services to Iraq, spoke to Fletcher students, faculty and administrators about his vision for the future of the country. He was elected to the Iraq Council of Representatives in 2014, after playing a key role in drafting the Iraqi constitution.
Dean James Stavridis, who introduced al-Jubouri at the lecture, called him “a man of courage, a man of principle and a man of deep integrity.” Citing al-Jubouri’s work as a human rights leader, Dean Stavridis continued, referring to the Speaker as “a model for the type of political leader we would hope to have in any country in the world today.”
The lecture al-Jubouri presented centered on the many challenges facing Iraq, including the threat posed by ISIS. By massacring thousands of people, selling women and children as sex slaves, persecuting various minority groups and causing the displacement of millions of people, ISIS has proven a threat to global stability, al-Jubouri said.
He also contested the association that the terrorist group wants to form with Islam.
“Islam as a religion is purely not related to any of this terror,” al-Jubouri said, adding that the tolerance, love, and peace preached by Islamic tenets separates the teachings of Islam from the goals and aspirations of terrorists. He also refuted IS’ claims of fighting for Muslims.
“What’s so strange is that they are trying to associate with [Sunni] Muslims, trying to send the message that ISIS is protecting the wellbeing of [Sunni] Muslims,” al-Jubouri said. “As a matter of fact, Sunnis are the worst affected … and they are the first ones opposing Daesh.”
While praising recent military advances against IS, he cautioned against complacency by arguing that military victories alone won’t be enough to defeat the terrorist organization.
“We can get rid of Daesh through military power, but we have to combine this with political, social and political structures,” al-Jubouri said. He warned that it was important to think about what comes after ISIS, and that measures need to be put in place to ensure another group is not created in its wake.
Other challenges include the difficulty of repatriating four million displaced people and the weak economic condition Iraq is currently experiencing. He noted how the reduction in the worldwide price of oil, and the lack of vision in economic planning has caused Iraq’s economic malaise and called for investment and the creation of opportunities in the public and private sector to facilitate growth.
Concluding his lecture, al-Jubouri reemphasized his faith in the ability of the Iraqi people to successfully overcome the many challenges they face. The future of Iraq, he said, can be secured by ensuring the participation of all aspects of the Iraqi community in the decision-making process of the state.