The Fletcher School: International Security Studies Program

Professor Richard H. Shultz

Director, International Security Studies Program

Professor of International Politics

Since Professor Richard Shultz began studying security issues, there have been massive changes in the global use of force and its implications. The most recent shift, which began in the immediate post-Cold War period and climaxed with terrorist attacks such as 9/11, has highlighted the fact that traditional warfare is slowly being replaced by a new form of warfare - one which modern armies are ineffective in combating.

Professor ShultzThis change led Shultz to explore many aspects of the issue: What were the tools the U.S. had at its disposal to deal with these security challenges? What were the roles of Special Forces? Why did the U.S. never use Special Forces to capture Osama bin Laden?

The latter question was addressed in a year-long study Shultz conducted with the Pentagon starting in December 2001, which was later briefed to Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld and Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz. Shultz made a convincing argument to the Department of Defense to allow publication of declassified portions of the study. These excerpts were published in a 2004 Weekly Standard article entitled "Showstoppers: Nine Reasons Why We Never Sent Our Special Operations Forces after al Qaeda Before 9/11."

Shultz's other work includes research on how other democracies have collected intelligence on armed groups, which was conducted through the Consortium for the Study of Intelligence, a project of the Washington, DC based National Strategy Information Center (NSIC). Since 1962, NSIC has been at the forefront of innovating and institutionalizing education on major dimensions of security and intelligence studies. He works directly with Roy Godson, NSIC president and professor of government at Georgetown University. The findings from this research, which are part of the Consortium's "Armed Groups Project" have been presented to senior U.S. government officials in Washington and Shultz and Godson have published the results in the article "Intelligence Dominance, A Better Way Forward," The Weekly Standard (July 31, 2006).

His recent research under the auspices of the Consortium's "Armed Groups Project" also includes how to best understand non-state armed groups. This has appeared in a Consortium monograph (with Douglas Farah and Itamara V. Lochard) titled Armed Groups: A Tier-One Security Priority, (Colorado: USAF Academy, Institute for National Security Studies, September 2004).

In August 2006, Shultz (with Andrea Dew) came out with a new book titled Insurgents, Terrorists, and Militias: The Warriors of Contemporary Combat, published by Columbia University Press. It is intended, according to Shultz, as "a provocative account and analysis of 21st century warfare and the failures to understand the changing face of combat," and is designed to appeal to informed readers both in and out of the academic field, from policy-makers to politicians.

Contact information:
Telephone: 617-627-2730
Fax: 617-627-3933
Office: Cabot 609C

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