Francesca Giovannini is the Program Director for Global Security and International Affairs at the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. She has recently been appointed Adjunct Assistant Professor for International Security at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University. She is also an Associate to the Project on Managing the Atom at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs and an Affiliate to the Center for International Security and Cooperation (CISAC) at Stanford University, where she was previously a MacArthur Nuclear Postdoctoral Fellow. She has taught undergraduate courses at University of California, Berkeley, and at Oxford University. Prior to completing her Ph.D., Francesca served as a Post-Conflict State-Building Consultant for the Crisis Prevention and Recovery Network program and the United Nations Regional Pacific Center, Suva – Fiji Islands, and as Resident Coordinator Analyst and Post-Conflict State-Building Specialist for the UN Development Program (UNDP) in Beirut, Lebanon. She also served in the Gaza Strip, Turkey and Ghana. She has written and presented on the emerging regional nuclear architectures in Southeast Asia, Latin America, and Europe. She is currently working on turning her dissertation into a book manuscript, among other projects. Her latest publications include a chapter in an Anthology of Poems written by 50 Japanese Poets on the nuclear accident in Fukushima Dai-ichi, and “Understanding the ‘Proliferation’ of Nuclear Cooperation: An Alternative Theoretical Framework and Its Implications for Regional Efforts,” in Jeffrey Knopf, ed., International Cooperation on WMD Nonproliferation (University of Georgia Press, 2016).