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Prajapati Trivedi

Dr. Prajapati TrivediUntil August 2014, Dr. Prajapati Trivedi was Secretary to the Government of India with the responsibility for Performance Management in Government of India. Based in the Cabinet Secretariat, he reviewed and reported on the performance of all government departments to the Cabinet Secretary and Prime Minister. He designed and implemented the Performance Monitoring and Evaluation System (PMES) for Government of India that covers 80 departments and 800 responsibility centers under them. Under his guidance 18 States of the Indian Union are at various stages of adopting PMES.

From 2009-2014, Dr. Trivedi was involved with a large number of administrative reforms and helped pioneer implementation of many of them. In addition to implementation of a system of Results-Framework Documents (RFDs) as part of PMES, some of his other major contributions are: implementation of Citizens’/ Clients’ Charter and Grievance Redress Mechanism in government departments through RFD system, ISO 9001 certification of government departments; E-office implementation; Innovation Action Plans to create an innovation eco-system in government departments; design and implementation of Corruption Mitigation Action Plans; Performance-Related Incentive Scheme (PRIS); and creation of executive agencies.

In addition, he was Chairman of the National Authority for Chemical Weapons Convention. In this capacity he represented India in the Executive Council of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons in The Hague, The Netherlands. Today, India’s National Authority is considered to be an example of best practice globally.

Prior to joining the Government of India, Dr. Trivedi worked as a Senior Economist for the World Bank in Washington, DC (from 1995-2009). He worked on various aspects of public sector reforms, including privatization. He advised several countries on improving their governance systems within government and public enterprises. In the World Bank, he pioneered the use of performance-based management contracts to improve delivery of results in public organizations. As World Bank advisor to Saudi Arabia, he guided the development of their long-term development strategy. He pioneered the design of an implementation and accountability mechanism as an intrinsic part of a development strategy.

In his earlier stint in the Government, Dr. Trivedi was Economic Adviser to Government of India from 1992-94. As Economic Adviser, Dr. Trivedi was the architect of the famous Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) system for performance management of Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs). This system (MOU) is now a mandatory requirement for finalizing the performance criteria for over 240 CPSEs in India.

A distinguished academician, Dr. Trivedi was STC Chair Professor of Public Sector Management and Director of the Centre for Public Enterprise Management at the Indian Institute of Management Calcutta (IIMC) from 1987-1992. Starting his career as an Economics faculty member of the prestigious St. Stephen’s College in 1974, he continues to be a visiting faculty at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government. In addition to other leading universities of the World, he has taught at Harvard University regularly since 1979. In 2014, Dr. Trivedi taught a course on Government Performance Management at the Indian School of Business (Hyderabad/Mohali).

Dr. Trivedi studied at St. Stephen’s College (BA Economics Honours), London School of Economics (M. Sc. Economics) and Boston University (Ph.D. Economics). He has worked in more than 25 countries of the World and published four major books on various aspects of public sector management and privatization. One of his books is still used as an Economics textbook at Harvard University.

Dr. Trivedi’s commitment to make ministries and government departments accountable and performance driven is unique. Globally, he continues address governments outside India on Performance Management of Government departments and related governance issues.

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