William C. Martel

Associate Professor of International Security Studies


Education
  • BA, St. Anselm College
  • PhD, Political Science, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Biography

William C. Martel is Associate Professor of International Security Studies whose research and teaching interests are in international security and public policy. His recent publications include Victory in War: Foundations of Strategy (Cambridge UP, 2011); “For America, Decline is a Choice,” The Diplomat, March 15, 2013; “A Roadmap for American Grand Strategy,” The Diplomat, March 4, 2013; “America’s Dangerous Drift,” The Diplomat, February 25, 2013; Grand Strategy of ‘Restrainment’, (Orbis, 2010); “Victory in the Scholarship on Strategy and War,” Cambridge Review of International Affairs, September 2011; A Strategy for Victory and Implications for Policy (Orbis, 2008); and Victory in War: Foundations of Modern Military Policy (Cambridge UP, 2007). Currently, he is completing a book on grand strategy. Formerly a Professor of National Security Affairs at the Naval War College, he also served on the professional staff of the RAND Corporation in Washington. He served as an advisor to the National Security Council, was a consultant to Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Office of Secretary of Defense, U.S. Air Force and USAF Scientific Advisory Board, and served on the Defense Department’s Threat Reduction Advisory Committee. Martel is the Principal Investigator in joint The Fletcher School-MIT Lincoln Laboratory studies formulating cyber codes of conduct and space rules of engagement. He lectures on national security to government agencies and Fortune 100 companies, is a member of the International Institute for Strategic Studies, and of the World Affairs Council of New Hampshire. He received his AB from St. Anselm College, his doctorate from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, and was a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow at the Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government.


Professional Activities
  • Principal investigator on space policy study with support from MIT Lincoln Laboratory (2007-2009)
  • Research support from Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Office of Secretary of Defense
  • Member, Editorial Board of the Naval War College Review
  • Academic Director, Fletcher Summer Institute for the Advanced Study of Nonviolent Conflict (2006, 2007)
  • Professor of National Security Affairs, Chair of Space Technology and Policy Studies, Naval War College (1999-2005)
  • Research support from Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Office of Secretary of Defense, MIT Lincoln Laboratory (current)
  • U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board (2001-2002)
  • Associate Professor of International Relations, Air War College (1993-1999)
  • Former Director and Founder, Center for Strategy and Technology (CSAT) (1993-1999)
  • Post-Doctoral Fellow, Harvard University (1991-1993)

Research Interests
  • International security
  • Policymaking processes and governmental institutions
  • Policy analysis and strategic planning
  • Technological innovation
  • Space policy, ballistic missile defense, nonproliferation, and homeland security
  • Leadership studies
  • International relations and American foreign policy

ARTICLES
Martel, William C. “America’s Grand Strategy Disaster, The National Interest, June 9, 2014
Martel, William C. “On Syria: Don't Take Regime Change Off the Table,” The National Interest, September 9, 2013
Martel, William C. “Seven Reasons Moscow Will Say "Nyet" to Nuke Cuts,” RealClearDefense, June 27, 2013
Martel, William C. “Strong Defense Begins at Home,” RealClearDefense, June 12, 2013
Martel, William C. “A Roadmap for American Grand Strategy,” The Diplomat, March 4, 2013
Martel, William C. “For America, Decline is a Choice,” The Diplomat, March 15, 2013
Martel, William C. “America’s Dangerous Drift,” The Diplomat, February 25, 2013
Martel, William C. “R.I.P. Containment,” The Diplomat, September 24, 2012
Martel, William C. “A Challenge for the West,” Cognoscenti, WBUR
Martel, William C. “Grand Strategy of the Authoritarian Axis: How Will the West Respond?” The Diplomat, July 24, 2012
Martel, William C. “An Authoritarian Axis Rising?” The Diplomat, June 29, 2012
Martel, William C. “Why America Needs a Grand Strategy,” The Diplomat, June 18, 2012
• Martel, William C. “American Grand Strategy after November 2012,” Social Science and Modern Society: Symposium: The 2012 Presidential Election, Vol. 49, No. 5, Fall 2012, pp. 433-438
• “Victory in Scholarship in Strategy and War,” Cambridge Review of International Affairs, Vol. 24, Number 3, September 2011, pp. 417-440 (refereed).
• “Grand Strategy of ‘Restrainment’,” Orbis, Vol. 54, No. 3, Summer 2010, pp. 356-73.
• Martel, William C. "Review of Space as a Strategic Asset." Journal of Strategic Studies (Spring 2009).
• Martel, William C. "A Strategy for Victory and Implications for Policy." Orbis. Fall, 2008, Volume 52, No. 4, pp.613-626
Martel, William C. "Transparency is the Key to Avoiding Space Conflict." Arms Control Today (December 2008).
• Martel, William C. "The Search for Strategy: Review Essay." Naval War College Review (Summer 2007): 123-132.
• Martel, William C. "Technologies That May Yet Revolutionize Warfare." Naval War College Review (Autumn 2006): 131-133.
• Martel, William C. "Review of Seapower and Space: From the Dawn of the Missile Age to Net-Centric Warfare." Naval War College Review (Winter 2004).
• Martel, William C and Toshi Yoshihara. "Averting a Sino-U.S. Space Race." The Washington Quarterly 26, no. 4 (2003): 19-35.
• Martel, William C. "Averting a Sino-U.S. Space Race." Washington Quarterly (Fall 2003): 19-35.
• Martel, William C. "Technology, Systems Architecture, and Policy." Report on Availability and Survivability of Militarily Relevant Commercial Space Systems (March 2002).
Martel, William C. "Technology and Military Power." Fletcher Forum (Fall 2001).
• Martel, William C. "Countering the Proliferation and Use of Weapons of Mass Destruction." Naval War College Review (Winter 2000).
• Martel, William C. "Proliferation and Pragmatism." Deterrence and Nuclear Proliferation in the Twenty-First Century (2000).
• Martel, William C. "The End of Non-Proliferation?" Strategic Review (Fall 2000).
• Martel, William C. "The Risks of a Networked Military." Orbis (Winter 2000). co-author
• Martel, William C. "Our Failure to Convert Russia's Arms Industry." Orbis (Summer 1999). co-author
• Martel, William C. "Deterrence and Alternative Images of Nuclear Possession." The Absolute Weapon Revisited: Nuclear Arms and the Emerging International Order (1998): 213-234.
• Martel, William C. "Is Ukraine a Universal Example of Nonproliferation?." Defense Analysis (December 1998).
• Martel, William C. "Why Ukraine Gave Up Nuclear Weapons." Pulling Back from the Nuclear Brink: Slowing, Stopping, Reversing, and Countering Nuclear Threats (1998).
• Martel, William C. "Collective Insecurity: U.S. Defense Policy and the New World Disorder." American Political Science Review (September 1996): 691-692.
• Martel, William C. "Defense Conversion and Missing Markets." EDI Forum: A Review of Ideas and Experiences (1996).
• Martel, William C. "Rethinking U.S. Proliferation Policy for the Future." Weapons of Mass Destruction: New Perspectives on Counterproliferation (1995).
• Martel, William C. "Controlling Borders and Nuclear Exports." Harvard University, CSIA Studies in International Security no. 2 (1993).
• Martel, William C. "Russia's Foreign Policy Bureaucracies and Uncontrolled Nuclear Proliferation." Northeastern University Political Review 1, no. 2 (Spring 1993).
• Martel, William C. "Non-Superpower Nuclear Crisis De-Escalation." The De-escalation of Nuclear Crises (1992).
• Martel, William C. "Bases Abroad: The Global Foreign Military Presence." Armed Forces and Society (Winter 1991): 305-307.
• Martel, William C. "A Framework and Approach to Foreign Policy." Strategic Air Defense (1989).
• Martel, William C. "America's Commitment to Europe in Decline? The End of Extended Deterrence," Deterrence Workshop Session Five: Nuclear Weapons and Extended Deterrence (1989), Santa Monica, CA: The RAND Corporation, Report No. WD-4422-AF.
• Martel, William C. "Nuclear Strategy: What It Is and Is Not." The Nuclear Reader: Strategy, Weapons, and War (1989).
• Martel, William C. "Nuclear Crisis Exercise at Harvard University." Nuclear War Education: Conference Proceedings (1988).
• Martel, William C. "Exchange Calculus of Nuclear War." Strategic War Termination (1987).
• Martel, William C. "Review of Nuclear Battlefields: Global Links in the Arms Race." Armed Forces and Society (Winter 1987): 308-309.
• Martel, William C. "The East German Army." World Armies: NATO and the Warsaw Pact (1983).
• Martel, William C. "The Soviet Army." World Armies: NATO and the Warsaw Pact (1983).
• Martel, William C. "A Historical Review of U.S. Participation in Military Exercises, 1959-1989." The Role of the Office of the Secretary of Defense in Major Command Post Exercises, Santa Monica, CA: The RAND Corporation, R-3973-USDP.
• Martel, William C. "Technologies and Techniques: Satellites." Encyclopedia of International Security Congressional Quarterly Press (forthcoming).

BOOKS
• Martel, William C. Grand Strategy in Theory and Practice: The Need for an Effective American Foreign Policy. Cambridge University Press, 2014. refereed
• Martel, William C. Monograph, Global Vigilance, Global reach, Global Power for America. Washington, DC: Department of the United States Air Force, August 2013, principal author.
• Martel, William C. Victory in War: Foundations of Modern Strategy, Revised and Expanded Edition. Cambridge University Press, 2011, refereed.
• Martel, William C. Victory in War: Foundations of Modern Military Policy. Cambridge University Press, 2007. refereed
• Martel, William C. The Technological Arsenal: Emerging Defense Capabilities. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 2001.
• Martel, William C. Russia's Democratic Moment: Defining U.S. Policy to Promote Democratic Opportunities in Russia. Montgomery: Air War College Studies in National Security No. 2, 1995.
• Martel, William C. Nuclear Coexistence: Rethinking U.S. Policy to Promote Stability in an Era of Proliferation. Montgomery: Air War College Studies in National Security No. 1, 1994.
• Martel, William C. Improving the USAF Technology Transfer Process. Santa Monica, CA: The Rand Corporation, 1991, Report No. R-4081-AF.
• Martel, William C. Review of Bases Abroad: The Global Foreign Military Presence. Santa Monica, CA: The Rand Corporation, 1990, P-7649.
• Martel, William C. A Preliminary Perspective on Regulatory Activities and Effects in Weapons Acquisition. Santa Monica, CA: The Rand Corporation, 1988, Report No. R-3578-ACQ.
• Martel, William C. How To Stop A War: Research on Two Hundred Years of War and Peace. NY: Doubleday, 1987.
• Martel, William C. Strategic Nuclear War: What the Superpowers Target and Why. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1986.

BOOK CHAPTERS
• Martel, William C. “Reformulating Grand Strategy in the Indian Ocean Region: The Case for Containment,” in Peter Dombrowski and Andrew C. Winner (editors), American Strategy in the Indian Ocean (Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2014).
• "Deterrence and Alternative Images of Nuclear Possession," in T.V. Paul, Richard J. Harknett, and James J. Wirtz (editors), The Absolute Weapon Revisited: Nuclear Arms and the Emerging International Order (Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 1998), pp. 213-34.
• Martel, William C., Steven E. Miller, "Controlling Borders and Nuclear Exports," in Graham Allison, Ashton B. Carter, Steven E. Miller, Philip Zelikow, (eds.), Cooperative Denuclearization: From Pledges to Deeds (Cambridge: CSIA Studies in International Security, No. 2, Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard University, 1993), pp. 198-220.
• Martel, William C. "Deterrence After the Cold War." Controlling and Ending Conflict: Issues Before and After the Cold War (1992).
• Martel, William C. "Nuclear Strategy: What It Is and Is Not," in Charles Kegley and Eugene Wittkopf (eds.), The Nuclear Reader: Strategy, Weapons, and War (New York: St. Martin's Press

CONFERENCE PRESENTATIONS
• Martel, William C. "Nuclear Proliferation and Implications for Victory". Presented at Bridging Divides in Nuclear Strategy Panel, San Francisco, March 2008.
• Martel, William C. Discussant and reviewer, "Technology and Terrorism Conference Paper". Presented at Oxford University, September 2007.
• Martel, William C. "Andrew Bacevich's The New American Militarism". Presented at New England Political Science Association, April 27 2007.
• Martel, William C. "Victory and its Implications for Technological Leadership". Presented at Integrated Sensing and Decision Support Symposium, MIT Lincoln Laboratory, April 2007.
• Martel, William C. "Defining and Debating the Concept of Victory in Afghanistan". Presented at Appraising Afghanistan: Measuring Success and Failure, Six Years Later, Washington, DC, December 6 2007.
• Martel, William C. "Defining Victory: Implications for Iraq". Presented at Governance, Security, and Foreign Policy Panel, International Security and Arms Control Section (ISAC) of American Political Science Association, and International Security Studies Section (ISSS) of International Studies Association, Montreal, October 19 2007.
• Martel, William C. "American Strategic Interests and Developments in Asia". Presented at The Asian Century: Common Challenges, Emerging Strategies, The Pell Center, Salva Regina University, September 2006.
• Martel, William C. "Space Technology and US-Sino Competition". Presented at Asia Rising, Pell Center, Salva Regina University, Newport, RI, April 2005.
• Martel, William C. "Space and Sino-US Strategic Culture". Presented at Conference at Watson Institute at Brown University, April 2004.
• Martel, William C. "Technological Risk, Innovation, and National Power". Presented at DARPA conference on Advanced Technologies, Newport, RI, October 2003.
• Martel, William C. "Technological Issues and Terrorism". Presented at Technologies of Anti/Counter/Terror Symposium, Infowar, Cyberwar, and the War of Dis/simulation Panel, Brown University, June 8 2002.
• Martel, William C. "Ukraine's Role in European Security". Presented at National Security and Public Opinion: Seminar for Members of the Press, Kiev, Ukraine, February 27-28 1998.
• Martel, William C. "A Strategy of Military Sanctions". Presented at Cantigny Conference, Chicago, May 1997.
• Martel, William C. "Does Deterrence Theory Matter in a Proliferated World?". Presented at Nuclear Weapons in a Transformed World, Montreal, November 1995.
• Martel, William C. "Deterrence Images and Strategic Personality: Rethinking What We Know about Conventional Deterrence". Presented at International Studies Association Conference, Air War College, October 1993.
• Martel, William C. "Conventional Deterrence, Images, and Strategic Personality: The Relationship Between Societies and U.S. Policy". Presented at Conventional Deterrence in the Post-Cold War Era Conference, Monterey, august 1992.
• Martel, William C. "Conceptual Problems in International Relations and Conflict". Presented at Lecture at U.S. Army War College, 1992.
• Martel, William C. "The Necessity for 'Restrainment' in American Foreign Policy". Presented at New Paradigms for Foreign Policy, New England Political Science Association, 1992.
• Martel, William C. "Politics of Proliferation: How the U.S. Government Makes Decisions about the Proliferation of Technology". Presented at Winter Faculty Workshop, Amherst College, 1992.
• Martel, William C. "The Problem of Deterrence: A Metaphysical or Societal Paradigm". Presented at Midwest Political Science Association, 1992.
• Martel, William C. "Politics of Proliferation: How the U.S. Government Makes Decisions about the Proliferation of Technology". Presented at Cooperative Security Workshop, Harvard University, 1991.
• Martel, William C. "Extended Deterrence and American Neutrality". Presented at U.S. Institute of Peace, Washington, D.C, 1990.
• Martel, William C. "In Search of Doctrine". Presented at Nuclear War and Peace Education Conference, Arlington, VA, 1989.
• Martel, William C. "Is America's Commitment to Europe in Decline? End of Extended Deterrence". Presented at Defense Roundtable, Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, 1989.
• Martel, William C. "Politics and Deterrence after the Cold War". Presented at U.S. Institute of Peace, Washington, D.C., 1989.
• Martel, William C. "Decline in Nuclear Utility". Presented at Defense Roundtable at Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, 1987.
• Martel, William C. "Nuclear Crisis Exercise at Harvard University". Presented at Nuclear War and Peace Education Conference, Arlington, VA, 1987.
• Martel, William C. "The Declining Utility of Nuclear Weapons". Presented at International Studies Association, Atlanta, 1987.

OP-EDS
• Martel, William C. "Tea Party Politics From Colonial Boston to the Obama Bailouts." U.S. News & World Report, 30 April 2009.
Martel, William C. "Ban on Photographing Military Coffins Protected Grieving Families from Media." U.S. News & World Report, 9 March 2009.
Martel, William C. "Fanatics Don't Compromise." USA Today, 29 October 2008.
• Martel, William C. "Victory in Iraq Is a Moving Target." Providence Journal, 31 March 2007.
• Martel, William C. "Polarized Politics and America Paralyzed?." Providence Journal, 22 December 2007.
• Martel, William C. "Why U.S. Can't Live With a Nuclear Iran." Providence Journal, 21 September 2006.
• Martel, William C. "'Permanent' Crisis over North Korea's Nukes." Providence Journal, 16 February 2003.
• Martel, William C. "America at War." Providence Journal, 12 September 2001.
• "Information Revolution and American Military Power," (co-author) Orbis (2000);
• Martel, William C. "Corruption and Russian Economic Reform." Providence Journal, 3 October 1999.
• Martel, William C. "The Myth of Russia's 'Loose Nukes'." Air Force Times, 25 August 1997.
Martel, William C. "Russia's 'Loose Nukes' -- A Myth That Distorts US Policy." Christian Science Monitor, 16 June 1997.
• Martel, William C. "Puncturing the 'Loose Nukes' Myth." USA Today, March 1997.
• Martel, William C. "Nuke the Denuclearization Campaign." Wall Street Journal, 16 February 1995.

Courses

FALL TERM

SPRING TERM

NOT CURRENTLY OFFERED



Email Address
William.Martel@tufts.edu

Office Phone
617.627.4706

Office Fax
617.627.3005

Office Location
Cabot 602

Office Hours
Monday 1:00 AM - 3:00 AM
Wednesday 10:00 AM - 11:00 AM


Mailing Address
The Fletcher School, Tufts University, 160 Packard Ave
Medford, MA, 02155