Why the IAEA Won the Nobel Peace Prize
Dr. Mohamed ElBaradei was the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). He was appointed to the office in December 1997 and reappointed to a third term in September 2005. From 1984, Dr. ElBaradei was a senior staff member of the IAEA Secretariat, holding a number of high-level policy positions, including Agency's Legal Adviser and subsequently Assistant Director General for External Relations. In October 2005, Dr. ElBaradei and the IAEA were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for efforts "to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way." Dr. ElBaradei is also the recipient of a number of honorary degrees and decorations, including a Doctorate of Laws from New York University and the Nile Collar – the highest Egyptian decoration. Larry Johnson served at United Nations Headquarters as the Assistant Secretary General for Legal Affairs from 2006-2008. He formerly served as the Legal Adviser of the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna (1997-2001) and as Chef de Cabinet, Office of the President of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in The Hague (2003-2005).
Mr. Graham Allison is Director of the Belfer Center at the John F. Kennedy School. Under his leadership, from 1977 to 1989, a small, undefined program grew twenty-fold to become a major professional school of public policy and government. Dr. Allison has served as Special Advisor to the Secretary of Defense under President Reagan and as Assistant Secretary of Defense for Policy and Plans under President Clinton, where he coordinated DOD strategy and policy towards Russia, Ukraine, and the other states of the former Soviet Union. He has the sole distinction of having twice been awarded the Department of Defense's highest civilian award, the Distinguished Public Service Medal, first by Secretary Cap Weinberger and second by Secretary Bill Perry. He served as a member of the Defense Policy Board for Secretaries Weinberger, Carlucci, Cheney, Aspin, Perry and Cohen.
Mr. Larry Johnson joined the United Nations Office of Legal Affairs in 1971 as an Assistant Legal Officer in the Codification Division and prior to his last posting at Headquarters served as Principal Legal Officer in the Office of the Legal Counsel (1989-1997). Among his special assignments was serving as Chief of Staff to the Special Representative of the Secretary-General, United Nations Protection Force in the former Yugoslavia (1994).
Laura Rockwood is a senior research fellow with the Project on Managing the Atom.
Ms. Laura Rockwood served as the Section Head for Non-Proliferation and Policy Making in the Office of Legal Affairs of the IAEA from 1985 to 2014. She was involved in all aspects of the negotiation, interpretation and implementation of IAEA safeguards for over twenty-seven years. Prior to working for the IAEA, Ms. Rockwood was employed by the U.S. Department of Energy as a trial attorney in radiation injury cases, and as counsel in general legal matters, and, before that, by the U.S. General Accounting Office as an attorney.
Moderator: Professor Michael Glennon
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