Resources


CHRCR has compiled a preliminary list of resources which examine the intersection between theories of and approaches to human rights and conflict resolution. We welcome the suggestion of articles, reports, books and other publications that should be added to the list.

To request an addition, please contact chrcr@tufts.edu.

Conflict Resolution & Specific Rights Abuses


C. Davenport, "Human Rights and the Democratic Proposition", 43 Journal of Conflict Resolution 92 (1999).
Davenport extends the proposition that democratic states are less likely to war with each other to the corresponding notion that as a state democratizes the more likely its leaders are to be tolerant of citizens' rights and relax previously imposed repressive activities. In this article he approaches the notion by examining in depth the relationship between regime type and repressive behavior.

R.E. Howard, "Monitoring Human Rights: Problems of Consistency", 4 Ethics & International Affairs 33 (1990).
Howard recommends how to improve Western governments human rights monitoring processes by making them more consistent and equally applicable. She comes to conflict resolution from the understudied perspective of systemic conflict prevention. The improvements in human rights monitoring processes she recommends are equally applicable to countries that are being monitored, pre-, during, or post- conflict.

Jamie Metzl, "When Switching Channels Isn't Enough", Foreign Affairs, November/December 1997.
Human rights protection is best effected by proper means of preventing abuse before it happens. A powerful method of preventing conflict lies in "information intervention." Problems with the former Yugoslavia, Rwanda, and countless other locations have had much of their roots in the inflammatory messages broadcast over radio and television stations. As a supplement to, and not a substitute for, armed intervention, information intervention can dislodge human rights abuse through patterns of monitoring, retaliatory "peace" broadcasting, and in some cases, jamming when broadcasts are found to incite imminent mass human rights abuse.

Dennis Sandole, "Institute For Conflict Analysis And Resolution, Capturing The Complexity Of Conflict: Dealing With Violent Ethnic Conflicts In The Post-Cold War Era" (1999).
The overall question of Sandole's in-depth study is: Why do wars start up and why do they persist and protract over time? As an overarching research paradigm that analyzes post-Cold War conflicts, human rights concerns as part of conflict resolution are part and parcel of the sections of this study that deal with ethnic conflict.

Stephan John Stedman, "Alchemy for a New World Order; Overselling 'Preventive Diplomacy'", Foreign Affairs, Spring 1995.
"Preventive diplomacy - that is, concerted action designed to resolve, manage, or contain disputes before they become violent - is not a new idea. The need to monitor, predict, and prevent potential violent confrontations has always been an integral aspect of international relations. Two aspects of the contemporary fascination with preventive diplomacy, however, are novel: the amount of attention that foreign policy elites are now devoting to the concept and the expansion of private organizations into what was once viewed as the realm of states... Effective response in preventive diplomacy requires judgment. Even when one has early warning of impending cataclysm, there is rarely one answer for avoiding it. In the aftermath of the genocide in Rwanda, for example, human rights activists warned that neighboring Burundi faced a similar danger. Some Burundi experts argued forcefully that the only way of defusing the crisis was to pressure the Burundi government to punish the various militias and army personnel responsible for previous atrocities. Yet that approach seemed fraught with danger: the very act proposed to prevent genocide could trigger it. Instead, the United Nations, the Organization for African Unity, and prominent African political leaders chose quiet diplomacy, urged all sides to de-escalate the situation, and sent human rights monitors. Was this the correct response to fend off genocide? No one knows. If genocide occurs in Burundi in the near future, then it will be shown that such quiet diplomacy was woefully inadequate."