Fletcher in the News

Fletcher Experts Weigh In On Morsi Ouster, Upheaval in Egypt (Aggregated)

Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood Failed the Most Basic Test -- Feeding the People

Article featuring commentary by Dalia Ziada (F11)

Date: July 21, 2013

CAIRO -- A tiny woman dressed all in black sits at a crowded communal table in the Cairo neighbourhood of Agouza, her daughter hovering protectively by her side….

…But amidst the frustration at the Brotherhood, felt by the opposition National Salvation Front, [the Islamist] al-Nour [Party], and Tamarod, there is also optimism that in the so-called second wave of the revolution, Egypt may have been spared worse turmoil.

"I believe Egypt has been saved from what was expected to be a civil war, and now the political forces are focussed on taking Egypt forward," said Dalia Ziada, the director of the Ibn Khaldun Centre for Development Studies.

"We have a constitutional declaration which is very, very promising — there is an article in this that gives a quota for women and for youth to be members of all the committees and decision making processes that are going to be taken."

Read the full article (The Sydney Morning Herald)

Women in the Egyptian Revolution: An Evolution of Rights

Article featuring commentary by Dalia Ziada (F11)

Date: July 13, 2013

During Egypt's 2011 revolution, activist Dalia Ziada assumed all of the male protesters around her were fighting for her rights, too. But the following years told a different story. NPR's Host Jacki Lyden talks with Ziada about the evolution of women's rights in Egypt from the 2011 uprising to the current upheaval. We also hear from Rebecca Chiao, who discovered a tool for Egyptians to report sexual harassments….

…LYDEN: As Egyptians struggle over the future of their country, the issue of how women will participate has once again come to the fore. Even as women have been hugely visible as protesters, their rights have been less visible and, in some ways, regressed. Violence against women has also been a feature of the recent protests. To gain perspective on what's happened since 2011, we spoke to a young activist who's been at the front line for women and civil rights….

LYDEN: Ziada says her first protest was at age 8 against her family on the issue of genital mutilation. Her activism later gained momentum in 2006 when she was introduced to the legacy of Martin Luther King. By 2011, she was among the millions of Egyptians calling for the ouster of former president Hosni Mubarak. I asked her to remind us of the involvement of women during that time.

ZIADA: 2011 was just another scene of glory for the Egyptian women. We did not only participate in the protests but even in the making for the protest. I remember in so many days during the revolution, especially in the last days when people started to give up. The women were the ones who were motivating them to remain in the street.

Listen to the interview (NPR)

Egypt in Crisis

Q&A with Zack Gold (F09)

Date: July 9, 2013

Just two weeks before the rioting that resulted in the ouster of Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi, Zack Gold, F09, was visiting Cairo, where he thought things seemed eerily quiet. “Don’t be fooled,” he was told by people he met. “A protest is being planned.” No one, though, could have predicted its size and impact.

Gold, a Washington-based Middle East analyst who has lived and traveled in Egypt since 2006, left Cairo on June 16. Two weeks later, Egyptians took to the streets, demanding the removal of the man they had elected a year earlier to replace Hosni Mubarak, the autocratic ruler who had led the country for 30 years. Mubarak was overthrown in 2011 during the revolution that was part of the Arab Spring.

Gold talked with Tufts Now about the upheaval in Egypt.

Read the full piece (TuftsNow)

Following the Money in Egypt

Daniel Drezner is Professor of International Politics at The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University.

Op-Ed by Professor Daniel Drezner

Date: July 8, 2013

I go on vacation for one week -- one week -- and all hell breaks loose in Egypt.

Unfortunately, given this morning's events, it seems increasingly likely that the best-case scenario for last week's coup will not come to pass.  In the wake of today's violence, the New York Times' David Kirkpatrick reports that the broad-based coalition backing the extralegal change in power is now less broad-based:

“A party of ultraconservative Islamists that emerged as an unexpected political kingmaker in Egypt after the military’s ouster of President Mohamed Morsi said on Monday that it was suspending its participation in efforts to form an interim government.

A spokesman for the Al Nour party said its decision was a reaction to a “massacre” hours earlier at an officers’ club here in which security officials said more than 40 people had been killed. The decision brought new complexities and unanswered questions to the effort to create a transitional political order.

The Al Nour party was the only Islamist party to support removing Mr. Morsi, despite his ties to the more moderate Islamists of the Muslim Brotherhood. And the sight of Al Nour’s bearded sheik, standing behind the general who announced the takeover on television, was the only signal to Egyptian voters that the move had not been an attack on Islam, as some of the ousted president’s supporters are saying.”

Read the full piece (Foreign Policy)

Prof: Stability Could Emerge From Cairo Chaos

William C. Martel is Associate Professor of International Security Studies at The Fletcher School, Tufts University.

Article featuring commentary from Professor William Martel

Date: July 6, 2013

The chaos erupting in Egypt that left at least 30 dead yesterday is likely to lead to more violence in theaftermath of the military ouster of Islamic President Mohammed Morsi, but one local expert believes this key U.S. ally will settle on a secular government that could bring long-term stability to the Middle East.

“We could see a shift of the great middle of the societies in the Middle East to say no to more radicalized Islamist politics,” said William Martel, a Tufts University professor of international security studies.

“I think we’re seeing signs of this now in Egypt. I think it will spread across the Middle East in fits and starts much the way the Arab Spring did. It’s the most strategic shift in the Middle East in a long time.”

In addition to the 30 dead, Egyptian officials report, more than 200 were wounded as Islamists — backed by the radical Muslim Brotherhood supporting Morsi — took to the streets to demand Morsi’s reinstatement just days after millions in the opposition demanded his overthrow.

“Sadly, Egypt is going to become more violent over the coming weeks,” Martel added. “I think the likelihood is this is going to stay violent for a while.”

View the full piece (Boston Herald)

Egypt Denies Choosing ElBaradei as New Prime Minister

Article featuring commentary from Dalia Ziada (F11)

Date: July 6, 2013

A day of continued violence over the ouster of Mohamed Morsy as president ended with confusion over a new prime minister for Egypt.

Reports of Nobel laureate Mohamed ElBaradei's being named to the post were quickly denied by a spokesman for Adly Mansour, himself named interim president by the military after it sacked Morsy on Wednesday….

…Dalia Ziada, director of the Ibn Khaldoun Center for Development and a leading women's rights activist here, said the Brotherhood “will not give up easily” after winning control of parliament and the presidency.

“Last year during the presidential elections, the Muslim Brotherhood said very clearly that if (Morsy) did not win and become the president, they would burn Egypt,” said Ziada, 30.

She predicts that “they will keep on attacking the people and killing civilians” but added: “I don't think it will take more than a day or two before it is all over.”

View the full article (TribLIVE)

By Toppling Muslim Brotherhood Regime, Egypt Saves Middle East From Another Iran

Op-Ed by Dalia Ziada (F11)

Date: July 4, 2013

Helicopters drawing the Egyptian flag on the sky of Cairo, fireworks, patriotic songs, and chants. This is how the Egyptians proudly celebrated the fall of Mohammed Morsi on Wednesday and the swearing-in of Adly Mansour, the new interim president, Thursday morning. But above all, Egyptians are celebrating their once again confirmed power and determination to drive their country through the path of liberal democracy, a path we first took when we brought down Hosni Mubarak, in January 2011.

By toppling the Islamist president and his Muslim Brotherhood regime, Egypt is given a new chance to stand on its right foot, and the Middle East is given the privilege of not having a Sunni version of the Mullah regime in Iran.

Like to the Mullahs in Iran, the Brotherhood was not ashamed to label their opponents disbelievers, and call for Jihad against them. The sinful rhetoric by some extremist sheikhs and imams leading over the past couple of days the rally of Morsi supporters outside the Rabe’a Eladawya Mosque in Cairo was only a small part of it. They deceived the innocent participants of those rallies - mostly uneducated and poor – into thinking that Morsi was authorized by G-d and therefore they should seek Jihad against his opponents while willing to sacrifice their lives in order to keep him in power.

Similar sectarian speech was repeated behind closed doors in rural mosques all the time, inciting to kill Shi'ites and Christians because they are the enemies of the Brotherhood's Islamic project. Four Shi'ites were tragically murdered in Giza, only one week before the second revolution.

Read the full op-ed (Haaretz)

Egypt in Turmoil as Military Ousts Prez

Article featuring commentary from Professor William Martel

Date: July 4, 2013

Fears of a violent Muslim Brotherhood backlash, increased Mideast instability and resentment of the United States were coupled with relief at the Egyptian military’s ouster of President Mohammed Morsi yesterday after days of mass protest.

“Egypt is among the most important countries in the Middle East. It’s a linchpin in that region. I think to see Egypt move away from a radical, authoritarian dictatorship is a very hopeful sign,” said William Martel, associate professor of International Security Studies at Tufts University’s Fletcher School. “The wild card in this is the Muslim Brotherhood. There have been public reports that they will fight to the death. This could get turbulent or bumpy as the Egyptian people sort this out.”

The Egyptian military removed Morsi from office after issuing him a 48-hour ultimatum Monday to find a solution as millions of protestors took to the streets in a four-day revolt over his monopoly of power. Army leaders, who denied the ouster was a coup and said they were carrying out the people’s wish, suspended the Islamist-drafted constitution and installed Egypt’s chief judge as the head of an interim civilian government until new elections could be held. A travel ban was placed on Morsi and his top deputies.

After army chief Gen. Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi’s announcement, millions of anti-Morsi protesters in cities around the country shouted “God is great” and “Long live Egypt” as fireworks burst over Cairo’s Tahrir Square, epicenter of the 2011 uprising that removed autocrat Hosni Mubarak from power.

Read the full article (Boston Herald)

Egypt’s Women Protest, Against Drumbeat of Sexual Harassment

Article featuring commentary from Dalia Ziada (F11)

Date: July 1, 2013

Their faces painted with the red, white and black of the Egyptian flag, many women led marches and fierce chants Monday, defying one of the dark realities of more than two years of protests in Egypt—the widespread sexual violence against women who are participating in, or simply present at, antigovernment rallies.

On Sunday, roughly 50 women, among them a foreign female journalist, were sexually assaulted in Tahrir Square, according to three human-rights groups focusing on violence against women in Egypt….

…At some points during the day on Sunday, women outnumbered men in Tahrir Square and at other protests throughout the country, as many men had to be at government offices for work during early hours of the day, said Dalia Ziada, executive director of Ibn Khaldun Center for Development Studies.

"Their voices overtook the voices of men," said Ms. Ziada.

Read the full article (Wall Street Journal)

Watch For Protests Against Morsi in Egypt

Article mentioning Dalia Ziada (F11)

Date: June 27, 2013

Sunday could be a momentous day for Egypt, the most populous country in the Arab world. It is the first anniversary of the inauguration of President Mohamed Morsi, and his regime’s opponents are planning massive protests.

Morsi, the candidate of the Muslim Brotherhood, won the two-stage presidential election held after the collapse of the Mubarak regime in 2011. Many of the young people who gathered at Cairo’s Tahrir Square during what was optimistically called the Arab Spring, and helped bring down the Mubarak dictatorship in the name of freedom and democracy, felt betrayed when the Brotherhood, once in power, imposed its own form of authoritarianism….

…One of the leading figures in the Egyptian opposition is Dalia Ziada, and I had the pleasure to hear her speak openly at the AJC Global Forum, held earlier this month in Washington. She electrified the crowd of 1,500 with her charisma, courage and sincere commitment to democracy and peace.

Ziada, born in 1982, began working for human rights and, more specifically, women’s rights while still a teenager, under the Mubarak regime. Inspired by the examples of Gandhi and Martin Luther King, she and fellow activists expertly used Facebook, blogs and other digital media to organize the resistance in Tahrir Square that brought down Mubarak.

Newsweek named her two years in a row, in 2011 and 2012, as one of the world’s most influential and fearless women, and CNN called her one of the Arab world’s eight agents of change. Now, as director of the Ibin Kaldoun Institute, a human-rights organization in Cairo, she hopes to replace Egypt’s current government with a democracy.

View the full article (Miami Herald)