International Trade & Commercial Policies


About The Field

This field provides the tools for analysis of trade and investment relations between nations. Among the questions considered are why and what nations trade and invest internationally, and their effects–and the effects of international labor migration–on wages and employment, technology, international competitiveness, economic development, growth, and the environment. There is emphasis on how policies affect outcomes and on how policies are determined in unilateral, regional or preferential, and multilateral settings.


Below is a representative portrait of curricular requirements for this Field of Study. Core requirements are subject to periodic updates and modifications; current Fletcher students should refer to the Registrar's Field of Study Guide for definitive requirements in a given academic year.

General Requirements

Note: This field requires 4.5 credits. If you pass the E210M Equivalency Exam, which waives the course E210M, then you may complete the field with 4.0 credits. However, if you pass the E201 Equivalency Exam, which waives the course E201, you are still required to complete the field with 4.5 credits. Review the Special Note regarding the three Economics Fields of Study at the end of the Fields of Study section of this publication for more detailed information.

Special Note regarding the three Economics Fields of Study:

  • All three Economics fields of study (International Trade and Commercial Policies, International Monetary Theory and Policy, and Development Economics) have a select group of core required courses, which include E201, as well as a field specific core required course, and one elective course credit. Together, they constitute a minimum package of economics knowledge allowing Fletcher students to use economic tools to reason analytically in their chosen domain.
  • If you pass the E201 Equivalency Exam, which waives the course, you are still obliged to complete the 4.5 credits required for all three Economics fields of study.
  • In the case of the International Trade and Commercial Policies field, as well as Development Economics field, if you pass the E210m Equivalency Exam, which waives the E210m course, you may complete either of these fields of study with 4 credits.

    Some students seek to offer both of their fields of study for their degree in Economics, which requires the following:

  • Completion of E213: Econometrics, and
  • A minimum of seven Economic course credits which are beyond E201.

    Note: Since some of the core required courses are the same among the different Economics Fields of Study, students pursuing both their fields of study in Economics are required to take more elective courses in one or both of their selected Economic fields of study.

  • Core Requirements for the Field
    Examples of Elective Courses

    We encourage you to visit our course listings to get a better understanding of Fletcher, our curriculum, and our students.


    Shikhar Battarai Fletcher
    Mimi Alemayehou OPIC
    Isabel Sepulveda USTDA
    Shikhar Bhattarai
    MIB 12
    International Business Developer
    and Financial Analyst,
    Addgene - Cambridge, MA

       Read Shikhar's story

    Mimi Alemayehou
    MALD 98
    Executive Vice President -
    Overseas Private Investment
    Corporation (OPIC)

       Read Mimi's story

    Isabel Sepulveda
    MALD 10
    Country Manager for
    Global Programs - U.S.
    Trade and Development
    Agency (USTDA)

       Read Isabel's story

    Outside the Classroom

    • The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP): Implications for ASEAN and Meaning for US Regional Interests
    • Building Bridges: Engaging the Institutional Investor in Global Infrastructure
    • Emerging Market Investing: Birth and Adolescence of the Market
    • International Trade & Global Commerce: Overcoming the Complexities of Cross-Border Payments
    • Evolving Role of The World Bank: The Next Decade
    • China Goes West: An Overview of Chinese Investment in the US
    • Corporate Transparency in the EU: Disclosures on a country-by-country basis
    • Optimizing Emerging Market Strategies: How to Manage Financial Risks & Rewards
    • A Modern Spice Market: Exploring MENASA Cross-Border Trade and Finance
    • Poker, Law, and Diplomacy - The Clash of Civilizations and International Trade Law Through the Lens of a Card Game
    • U.S.-Korea Relations, Political/Security, & Economic/Trade Issues
    • Governance and Accountability at the WTO
    • How Illicit Trade is Transforming Today’s World
    • Economic Growth and the Future of China and India
      • U.S. Mission to the European Union Foreign Commercial Service - Brussels, Belgium
      • U.S. Trade and Development Agency - Washington, DC
      • Delegation of the European Union, Trade Division - Washington, DC
      • Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) - Washington, DC
      • U.S. Department of Commerce - Washington, DC
      • Organization of American States/International Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA) - San Salvador, El Salvador
      • U.S. Liaison Office to the African Development Bank - Tunis, Tunisia
      • "Fundamental Success Factors for Public-Private Partnerships in Infrastructure Development"
      • "Why Export Gas To Europe? A Comparative Analysis of Qatar and Russia's Perspective On Gas Markets' Dynamics."
      • "Rise of Private Equity in Africa: Changing Landscape and Imminent Challenges with Cases from Kenya"
      • "The Road Ahead for Asia & Latin America and the Caribbean: Outlook for Trade in Energy and Minerals"
      • "Theorizing the Economics of E-Waste Trade: Issues, Analysis & Strategies"
      • "Inadequate Institutions and Inefficient Outcomes in Mexico's Sugar Industry"
      • "The Political Potential of Israel-GCC Business Relations"
      • "Prospect of Energy Link Between Central Asia and China: A Study on the Development of 'Energy Silk Route,' the Turkmenistan - China Pipeline"
      • "Distributional and Welfare Effects of Including Corn into NAFTA and the Social, Economic, Political and International Repercussions for Mexico"
      • “Commercializing Cassava: A Case Study of SABMiller’s South Sudan Supply Chain”
      • Fletcher Finance Club
      • Fletcher Net Impact
      • International Business Club
      • Fletcher Political Risk Group
      • International Development Group
      • ASEAN Society
      • European Affairs Society
      • Latin America Group
      • Fletcher International Trade Group

      Learn From The Experts: Fletcher Faculty

      Carsten Kowalczyk, Associate Professor of International Economics at The Fletcher School"You will find that Fletcher provides an ideal place for the development of your interests and skills in economics. You will also find economics at Fletcher to be highly interdisciplinary in its scope."

      Carsten Kowalczyk, Associate Professor of International Economics

      Other faculty with expertise in the field:

      Michael Klein Julie Schaffner Bernard Simonin Joel Trachtman
      Michael Klein Julie Schaffner Bernard Simonin Joel Trachtman