International Business Relations


About The Field

The IBR field is concerned broadly with the management of the business enterprise in a multinational context. As such it provides a core business curriculum in accounting, finance, strategic management, marketing, leadership and decision-making while nurturing a nuanced understanding of the global socio-political, socio-economic, and industry contexts. Towards that end it develops theoretical and applied/managerial analytical frameworks applicable to manufacturing, trading, service and financial firms operating at different stages of their internationalization process. Students taking the International Business Relations field are required to complete four course credits.

Note: MIB students are not permitted to offer International Business Relations Field of Study to satisfy one of their field requirements.


Below is a representative portrait of curricular requirements for this Field of Study. Core requirements are subject to periodic updates and modifications; current Fletcher students should refer to the Registrar's course bulletin and to Fletcher Connect for definitive requirements in a given academic year.

Core Requirements for the Field

Important to Note

  • Students offering the International Business Relations field of study are required to complete four course credits.
  • Students have the option of completing additional courses to receive Certificates in International Finance and Banking or Strategic Management and International Consultancy.
  • Special Note regarding the three Economics Fields of Study:

  • All three Economics fields of study (International Trade and Commercial Policies, International Monetary Theory and Policy, and Development Economics) have a select group of core required courses, which include E201, as well as a field specific core required course, and one elective course credit. Together, they constitute a minimum package of economics knowledge allowing Fletcher students to use economic tools to reason analytically in their chosen domain.
  • If you pass the E201 Equivalency Exam, which waives the course, you are still obliged to complete the 4.5 credits required for all three Economics fields of study.
  • In the case of the International Trade and Commercial Policies field, as well as Development Economics field, if you pass the E210m Equivalency Exam, which waives the E210m course, you may complete either of these fields of study with 4 credits.
  • Some students seek to offer both of their fields of study for their degree in Economics, which requires the following:

  • Completion of E213: Econometrics, and
  • A minimum of seven Economic course credits which are beyond E201.
  • Note: Since some of the core required courses are the same among the different Economics Fields of Study, students pursuing both their fields of study in Economics are required to take more elective courses in one or both of their selected Economic fields of study.

    Please note the Equivalency Exams are administered, without exception, twice during the academic year. Refer to the Academic Calendar to note the specific dates for the Equivalency Exams. More information about how to prepare for the Equivalency Exams is available at:

    Required Course
    Second Required Course – Select one full credit from the following list:
    Elective Courses

    International Business Transactions

    International Investment Law

    International Financial and Fiscal Law

    International Intellectual Property Law and Policy

    Securities Regulation: An International Perspective (0.5 credit)

    Mergers and Acquisitions: An International Perspective

    Negotiating International Leadership (0.5 credit)

    Social Networks in Organizations - Part One (0.5 credit)

    Social Networks in Organizations - Part Two (0.5 credit)

    Analytic Frameworks for Public Policy Decisions

    Communications Policy Analysis and Modeling

    Political Economy of the European Union and its Mercantile Environment

    Data Analysis and Statistical Methods

    Data Analysis and Statistical Methods for Business

    Financial Statement Management

    Managerial Accounting (0.5 credit)

    Public Sector Accounting

    Global Financial Services

    Large Investment and International Project Finance

    Islamic Banking and Finance

    Global Investment Management

    Practical Knowledge

    Strategic Management in Privatizing and Deregulating Industries

    Managing the Global Corporation

    Field Studies in Global Consulting

    Strategic Management (0.5 credit)

    Financial Inclusion - A Method for Development

    Market Approaches to Development

    Corporate Social Responsibility

    Cross-Sector Partnership

    Marketing Research and Analysis

    Marketing Management (0.5 credit)

    Business Groups in Asia (0.5 credit)

    The Political Economy and Business Environments of Greater China (0.5 credit)

    The Global Food Business

    Petroleum in the Global Economy

    Leadership: Building Teams, Organizations, and Shaping Your Path

    Negotiating International Leadership (0.5 credit)


    We encourage you to download our course catalog to get a better understanding of Fletcher, our curriculum, and our students.

    Current Students & Alumni

    Graduates of The Fletcher School's field of development economic studies are in great demand by employers in the public, private and nonprofit sectors. These are a sample of Fletcher current students and alums:

    Matheus de Giacomo Araujo Fletcher
    Cristina Valverde, The Fletcher School
    Andrew Koch Fletcher
    Matheus de Giacomo Araujo
    MALD 16
    International Business Relations,
    International Political Economy

       Read Matheus's story

    Cristina Valverde
    MALD 12
    Director of Strategy and Marketing, Invalsa - Cambridge, MA

       Read Cristina's story

    Andrew Koch
    MALD 16
    International Business Relations, International Security Studies

       Read Andrew's story

    Outside the Classroom

    • Turkey's Turn: Perennial Linchpin or Emerging Hub?
    • Emerging Africa: Myth or Reality?
    • The Power of We: The Role of Business in Solving Society's Challenges
    • Global Investing: Practitioner's Lab with Masha Gordon
    • Panel Discussion on Private Sector Internships in Sub-Saharan Africa
    • CSR Tools of the Trade Workshop: Responding to Investor Demands for Sustainability Transparency at Crocs
    • Sustainable Sourcing Panel
    • Career Panel on CSR in Large Organizations
    • Tufts Innovation Symposium: Customer in Context
    • Why Go Global? Top 10 Must Haves in the Portfolio
    • From Disorder to Order: The Dharma of Entrepreneurship
    • The Future of American Superpower: Implications for Security, Politics, & Markets
    • Technology and Inclusive Innovation: The IBM Story in Africa
    • Annual Inclusion Forum: Inclusion, Inc.
    • Global Leaders Speaker: Paul Polman
    • Coffee & Conversation: Social Entrepreneurship in Transitioning Countries in MENA with Gilbert Doumit
    • Optimizing Emerging Market Strategies: How to Manage Financial Risks & Rewards
    • The Faire Collection - Otavalo, Ecuador
    • Gap, Inc. - San Francisco, CA
    • USAID - Washington, DC
    • Scholastic - New York City, NY
    • The Awethu Project - Johannesburg, South Africa
    • Ernst & Young - Chicago, IL
    • Amazon - Seattle, WA
    • Yum! Brands - Louisville, KY
    • BNP Paribas - New York City, NY
    • Hola Foods - Cordoba, Argentina
    • Trans-National Research Corporation - Ramsey, NJ
    • Liberty Mutual Insurance Company - Boston, MA
    • The Climate Group - London, UK
    • "Business in Bulgaria: An Overview for Investors and Managers in 2010"
    • "A Real Great Leap Forward: History, Drivers And Expected Trends Of M&A In the People’s Republic Of China"
    • "Collaborative Value Sharing Between Profit and NonProfit Partners in Emerging Markets: The Case of GrameenPhone in Bangladesh"
    • "Prospect of Energy Link Between Central Asia and China: A Study on the Development of 'Energy Silk Route,' the Turkmenistan - China Pipeline"
    • "The Political Potential of Israel-GCC Business Relations"
    • "Tourism and Economic Development in Tanzania"
    • "The Political Potential of Israel-GCC Business Relations"
    • "Mobile Banking: Can Financial Services be Extended to Africa's Unbanked?"
    • Adopem Bank: Microfinance in the Dominican Republic, A Case Study"
    • "The New Frontier of development: how securitization and risk spreading in the microfinance industry can benefit development and the private sector”
    • “The effect of sector-specific tax incentives on Brazilian FDI inflows”
    • “Commercializing Cassava: A Case Study of SABMiller’s South Sudan Supply Chain”
    • Fletcher Finance Club
    • Fletcher Net Impact
    • International Business Club
    • Fletcher Political Risk Group
    • International Development Group

    A Fletcher education is highly customizable, and each student may decide on a different academic trajectory to suit his or her own professional and academic goals. To get a better sense of how these individual curricular decisions can play out, we asked recent students in their final semester to talk about their goals, their classes, and the decisions made during their Fletcher career. Meet Alejandra:

    Pre-Fletcher Experience

    Deputy Director Industry Research, ProMexico (Mexican Agency for Trade & Investment Promotion)
    Head of the Research and Evaluation Department, Promexico

    Fields of Study

    International Business Relations
    Development Economics

    Capstone Topic

    A case study on marketing for non-profits

    Post-Fletcher Professional Goals

    My interests lie in areas related to marketing strategies, strategic communications and advocacy. I plan to work in organizations/projects that would allow me to combine my interests in communications, strategy, and development by providing strategic communications advice to advance causes with social impact.

    Read about Alejandra's curricular path.

    Learn From The Experts: Fletcher Faculty

    Laurent Jacque, Professor of International Finance & Banking at The Fletcher School"Students who focus on International Business benefit from a unique interdisciplinary curriculum which weaves law, history, and economics in the study of international commerce, as well as a truly multicultural and multinational Fletcher community."

    Laurent Jacque, Walter B. Wriston Professor of International Finance & Banking, Academic Director of the Masters of International Business

    Other faculty with expertise in the field:

    John Burgess Bruce Everett Carolyn Gideon Jeswald Salacuse Patrick Schena Ibrahim Warde
    John Burgess Bruce Everett Carolyn Gideon Jeswald Salacuse Patrick Schena Ibrahim Warde
    Bernard Simonin James Tillotson Joel Trachtman Christopher Tunnard Phil Uhlmann Kim Wilson
    Bernard Simonin James Tillotson Joel Trachtman Christopher Tunnard Phil Uhlmann Kim Wilson