DHP Courses

DHP D200: DIPLOMACY: HISTORY, THEORY, AND PRACTICE

Diplomacy is one of the very constitutive “orders” of the international system, a mainstay of civilization itself. This course examines classical diplomacy and its evolution in the West, the “integration” of regional diplomatic cultures through the League of Nations and United Nations, the establishment of foreign ministries and bilateral embassies, the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations (1961), the professionalization of diplomatic services, “summit” diplomacy and the use of special envoys, diplomatic ceremony and protocol, the nuances of diplomatic language, public diplomacy and social media, educational exchanges and intercultural dialogues, engagement with non-state actors, and the question of the future of formal diplomacy in a networked global society. Not offered AY 2016-2017.

DHP D205: GLOBAL MARITIME AFFAIRS: INTERNATIONAL TRADE, SECURITY,ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES AT SEA

Over 90% of international trade is carried by sea – the lifeblood of globalization. The world’s oceans also present a myriad of opportunities and challenges in international affairs, such as territorial disputes, opening Arctic sea routes, piracy, terrorism, strained fisheries, mineral and energy extraction, marine disasters, whaling, maritime security and technological advances in maritime domain awareness. The course will explore these issues and other maritime topics based on individual student interests. Course format is lecture and discussion. Writing and speaking skills receive considerable attention. No prerequisites other than a lively curiosity.

DHP D216M: SOCIAL NETWORKS IN ORGANIZATIONS – PART ONE

The growing use of social media in political movements and the notoriety of the Snowden revelations and the NSA’s big-data network-tracking abilities have fueled a fast-growing interest in understanding social networks of all types. Participants in this course will examine the evolution of the study of networks and will learn how to analyze an array of social, organizational, and professional networks—including their own. Individual and team assignments will further students’ understanding of the concepts, as well as demonstrate the power of a ‘networked’ class. The final deliverables will include blog postings and a debate on the importance and future of both social networks and enabling technologies. One-half credit.

DHP D217M: SOCIAL NETWORKS IN ORGANIZATIONS – PART TWO

This course, a continuation of D216m, will be a seminar covering how to do a complete Social Network Analysis (SNA) project of their own choosing, Students can do either a stand-alone SNA project, either individually or in groups, or an individual project as part of their MALD/MIB capstone project or doctoral dissertation. Initial sessions will introduce the major concepts and techniques of designing and completing a successful SNA, from data collection through analysis. Subsequent sessions will be shaped by the actual projects themselves, with individuals and teams sharing their progress. Open to students who have completed D216m or a graduate-level course in SNA approved by the instructor. One-half credit.

DHP D218: INFLUENCING POLICY AND THE GLOBAL DEBATE: WRITING ANALYSIS AND OPINION

Informing and influencing the course of public affairs requires an ability to write clearly, explain accurately and be convincing. It also requires an understanding of your audience, including its cultural values and how to reach it through social media. Whether you choose to go into government, the non-profit sector, business or the news media itself, you will have to master these skills for success in the public arena, be it to lead or to affect policies. In this course, we will study how to write analysis, which generally attempts to address questions of why or how or to explain something, and opinion, which focuses more what should be done. Opinion can include value judgments, but you must back both analysis and opinion with facts. You also must provide context and be complete, weighing contradictory but relevant information. You will be asked in the first class to submit a theme, region or country on which throughout the course you will write disciplined, well-written essays of 800 to 1,200 words. Your pieces must have some relevance to public policy today, but can focus on economic, legal, historical, military, business or political matters. Enrollment limited to 25 students.

DHP D220: PROCESSES OF INTERNATIONAL NEGOTIATION

This course explores the processes, rather than specific substantive issues, of international negotiation. Using exercises and simulations, it examines the nature of conflict in the international arena; the special characteristics of negotiation in the international setting; negotiation dynamics; the roles of culture, power, and psychological processes; and the strategy and tactics of international negotiation. Special problems of multilateral negotiation, and the follow-up and implementation of negotiated agreements are also examined. Four sections with a maximum of 30 students each. Students enroll in section 1. After the registration period ends, the Registrar will assign students to one of the four sections.

DHP D223: THEORIES OF CONFLICT AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION

This course offers an overview of theories of conflict and approaches to conflict resolution. It surveys theories of conflict that originate in various disciplines including sociology, political science, international relations, social psychology, and law. It presents multiple levels of analysis to explain both inter-state and intra-state conflicts. It also reviews approaches that seek to settle and to transform the relationships of disputing parties. This course will provide an in- depth and a critical look at leading theories of conflict and conflict resolution and will explore some of the major theoretical debates in the field.

DHP D230: HUMANITARIAN ACTION IN COMPLEX EMERGENCIES

This multi-disciplinary course covers a broad range of subjects, including the evolution of the international humanitarian system, the political economy of conflicts and humanitarian aid, analytical and normative frameworks for humanitarian action, and a variety of programmatic topics. By the end of this course you will be aware of the historical, legal, social, political and moral context of both the causes and responses to complex humanitarian emergencies, and have a working knowledge of the principles and standards for performing humanitarian response to complex humanitarian emergencies. This course is cross-listed with the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy.

DHP D231: GENDER AND HUMAN SECURITY IN TRANSITIONAL STATES AND SOCIETIES

This course uses gender as a key analytical tool to examine states and societies transitioning from large-scale social and political upheaval. It explores key gender dimensions of such transitions and their implications for states, societies and citizens, including those that have moved toward more democratic forms of governance and those that transitioned (or appear to be transitioning) into more authoritarian or fundamentalist regimes. The course balances a population-focused approach (examining the evolving roles, expectations, and norms for men, women, boys and girls) with an analysis of the health, humanitarian, development, security, justice/legal, and governance sectors.

DHP D232: GENDER, CULTURE AND CONFLICT IN COMPLEX HUMANITARIAN EMERGENCIES

This course examines situations of armed conflict, civilian experiences of these crises, and the international and national humanitarian and military responses to these situations from a gender perspective and highlights the policy and program implications that this perspective presents. Topics include gender analyses of current trends in armed conflict and terrorism; links among war economies, globalization and armed conflict; the manipulation of gender roles to fuel war and violence; gender and livelihoods in crises; masculinities in conflict; sexual and gender-based violence; women's rights in international humanitarian and human rights law; and peacebuilding. Case studies are drawn from recent and current armed conflicts worldwide.

DHP D235: INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH METHODS

This course is intended for students who are new to research, and is an introduction to designing,conducting and writing up a research project. We begin with identifying your main research question— how it is drawn from and relates to the broader field of scholarship and theory. Then we explore the design of research protocols, how the choice of methods relates to the research question, and the art of data collection and fieldwork. Course objectives are to increase your: (1) understanding of methodologically sound and theoretically relevant field research; (2) skills in conducting field work; (3) critical awareness of the ethical and practical problems of field research; (4) ability to evaluate the scientific merits of published materials; and (5) understanding of how research relates to policy and the work of practitioners.

DHP D237: NUTRITION IN COMPLEX EMERGENCIES: POLICIES, PRACTICE AND DECISION-MAKING

The course will introduce students to the concept of Public Nutrition and examine its central role in complex emergencies. The implications of the Public Nutrition approach for assessment and analysis, policy development, program design and implementation will be examined. This will provide an understanding of; the causes and nutritional outcomes of humanitarian crises and complex emergencies (malnutrition, morbidity and mortality). The course has a field-oriented focus based on a wide range of recent and past food and nutrition crises ranging. The course reviews international response strategies, nutrition programs and relevant policies; and incorporates relevant applied research. The course provides the opportunity for active class participation drawing upon the actual work experience of the students and applying a range of up-to-date case-study materials based on current humanitarian crises. This course is cross-listed with the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy.

DHP D239: FORCED MIGRATION

The course is an exploration of how forced displacement, which includes trafficking, and other forms of involuntary migration, relates to the broader spectrum of migration stemming from persecution,development, natural disaster, environmental change, and impoverishment. We begin with an analysis of the root causes of migration, then review the international legal framework, and analyze asylum and refugee policies in different national contexts. The course will explore a range of critical issues including current controversies about climate change and migration, urbanization, trafficking, and new approaches to humanitarian assistance and protection. The course focuses on refugee and IDP movements, but adopts a wider perspective so as to address all kinds of global movements

DHP D263: THE ARABS AND THEIR NEIGHBORS

With a particular focus on the Arab world and the Levant, this course examines the evolution of nation-states in the Middle East from colonial rule to the present. Themes addressed include the rise of nationalism and pan-Arabism, ideologies of internal unity and regional tensions, Islam as a political force, globalization, reform and radicalism, the Arab revolts, and the search for new alternatives.

DHP D264: GEOPOLITICS OF ENERGY IN EURASIA

This course deals with security issues related to the production, distribution and consumption of oil and gas in the post-Soviet Union period. The political instability of Eurasia following the collapse of Soviet Union has threatened the supply of oil and gas for the developing economies of the nations of Eurasia. To understand the importance of this issue, this course will examine how the distribution of energy has intensified the competition between nations in this region. One example of this is the Russian annexation of the eastern Ukraine. It is also particularly important to understand the impact of accelerating technological changes taking place both in Eurasia and the rest of the world. The range of the subject matter continues in the second portion of the course where the discovery of oil in Arctic region and the production of liquefied natural gas (LNG) in Australia change the global market for oil and gas. Course concludes with a study of the geopolitical struggles over the energy resources of the South China Sea.

DHP D265: THE GLOBALIZATION OF POLITICS AND CULTURE FOR IRAN, AFGHANISTAN AND PAKISTAN

This course explores the consequences of accelerated technological change in the geopolitically important region of Southwest Asia that includes the modern states and societies of Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India. Each of these states protests their current position. For Iran the dispute with the outside world is it does not occupy a position commensurate with its power. With Afghanistan the difficulty with modernity is that external interference has not enabled it to consolidate power in the face of internal and external forces. In the case of Pakistan the sudden establishment of the state in 1947in a world dominated by Western powers has left the country in a competition with an external power, India, under condition of great inequality. Special efforts will be made to understand this region’s problems with terrorism especially in the case of Afghanistan and Pakistan. For India, the major subject of analysis will be how the state is going to deal with being surrounded by hostile powers both on land and sea. Specific topics studied are the future of Iran outside its national border that includes Syria and Yemen.This course will provide in-depth knowledge of ethnic and sectarian violence, modern educational change, social and cultural reaction to radical urbanization, creation of a modern legal system, transfer of modern technology, and foreign policies of major state and non-state powers.

DHP D267: THE GLOBALIZATION OF CENTRAL ASIA AND THE CAUCASUS

The course establishes a basis for understanding modern political and cultural changes in Central Asia and the Caucasus from a global point of view. There are three major reasons for taking on this task. The first deals with the political instability that took place in Eurasia after the collapse of the Soviet Union. That event brought on a period of political weakness that is not over by 2015. This increased the threats to the production of oil and gas from a region of the world that contained about seventy percent of the world’s supply of oil and gas. The third development generating Eurasian insecurity is a consequence of the near joint decision by India and China to engage in rapid economic development during the last decade of the twentieth century. This placed the two countries containing near a third of humanity in need of major imports of oil and gas. In turn this erected a major security problem in Eurasia because two very large states had to secure their sources of fuel rapidly under conditions where the nearby sources of supply were located in high-risk areas of the Middle East and Central Eurasia. Then there is a high possibility of major state competition over energy resources. We will examine how diplomacy might forestall conflict based upon the idea that all parties to the economic livelihood of Eurasia have an interest in preserving the global economy. Here we will devote particular attention to the multi-lateral efforts to provide protection to the Indian/Pacific ocean maritime lines of supply. Other topics studied are: economic development; impact of modern petroleum technology and its environmental impact; ethnic politics; terrorism in Central Eurasia; and the new ‘Great Game’ in Central Asia.

DHP D271: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS OF THE UNITED STATES AND EAST ASIA: 1945 TO THE PRESENT

An examination of the international relations of the United States and East Asia since the end of World War II, principally U.S. interactions with China, Japan, and Korea, and secondarily, with Vietnam and Southeast Asia. Focus on fundamental concepts and realities of international politics governing interactions between the U.S. and East Asian nations, as well as the major geopolitical issues of the day. Study of the continuing patterns of interaction among the U.S. and East Asian states—the dynamics of wars, ideologies, political, economic, and cultural issues.

DHP D283M: U.S.–EUROPEAN RELATIONS SINCE THE FALL OF THE BERLIN WALL

The seminar examines U.S.-European relations since a peaceful revolution brought down the Berlin Wall in November 1989. The seminar looks at various common challenges in the period thereafter and how they were dealt with, both from the U.S. and the European perspective: the unification of Germany, Bosnia and Kosovo, the enlargement of NATO, NATO/Russia, 9/11 and the threat of violent extremism, Afghanistan, Iraq, Iran and nuclear non- proliferation and disarmament, among others. The emphasis is on practical skills rather than theory. Students will practice to write short memos for political leaders and to give very short oral presentations. One-half credit.

DHP H202: MARITIME HISTORY AND GLOBALIZATION

A study of world history over the past 500 years from a salt-water perspective. The course will examine the ocean as avenue, arena, source, and cultural metaphor, analyzing major themes such as the impact of changing technologies and modes of warfare, evolving patterns of trade, and differing cultural perceptions. The format will be lecture, with some discussion. Not offered AY 2016-2017.

DHP H204: CLASSICS OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

Most graduate courses in international relations focus on “cutting edge” research. Without a working knowledge of Thucydides, Kant, or Schelling, citizens and policymakers are unable to place new theoretical propositions into a historical context. This course surveys the history of international relations theory through a close reading of 10-15 classic works in the field. Among the questions that will be addressed: how far has IR theory developed since Thucydides? How closely do theories of international relations mirror the era in which they were written? In what ways are these widely cited works simplified or misstated in the current era?

DHP H205: THE HISTORIAN’S ART AND CURRENT AFFAIRS

Through case studies, this course aims to give students the historical powers they need as they go out into the world: empathy, detachment, and relentless skepticism. The course examines the origins of World War I and the analogies the war provoked and provokes, as well as the two paradigms that come up when debating whether or not to go to war: the trouble that flowed from appeasing Nazi Germany and Japan in the run up to World War II, and the disastrous Sicilian expedition embarked on by ancient Athens. The tension between these paradigms is explored through studies of war in Korea, Vietnam, and Iraq. The course will also examine how different readings of history can lead to dramatically different policies; the U.S., Russia, and China tell Cold War history differently and those differences do much to explain their different worldviews. Armed with knowledge of the many endings of the Cold War, the course will also compare the revolutions in Europe in 1989, Ukraine’s Orange Revolution, and the Arab Spring.

DHP H261: WAR AND SOCIETY IN THE MIDDLE EAST IN HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE

A century ago, World War I and its settlement shaped the modern Middle East. The end of the Ottoman Empire and the emergence of successor states in search of internal ideology and regional influence have characterized the region today. This course addresses the broader topic of struggle and survival during cataclysmic events, such as a world war, with reference to the history of the student’s region of interest. It is a research–based class in which students will learn how to better research conflict and how to develop an approach to the study of conflict given the many perspectives of those affected by it. The course will also discuss the ways in which conflict can transform a region. This course is cross-listed with the School of Arts and Sciences - Department of History.

DHP H271: FOREIGN RELATIONS OF MODERN CHINA, 1644 TO THE PRESENT

This course is a survey of China’s foreign relations from the Qing dynasty to the present. Topics include geography, warfare, diplomacy, trade, cultural exchange, and the connections between past and present. Lectures followed by discussion.

DHP P200: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS: THEORY AND PRACTICE

Traditional, behavioral, and post behavioral theories of international relations, and the nature of theory in international relations; the role of normative theory; levels of analysis, structure-agent relationships, and concepts of foreign policy behavior and decision making; utopian/neo-liberal and realist/neo-realist theory, and democratic peace theory; theories of power and its management; theories of integration, cooperation, conflict, war, and geopolitical and ecological/environmental relationships; constructivism; systems theory; regime analysis; the relationship between theory and the international system in the early 21st century; traditional and contemporary paradigms of the international system.

DHP P201: COMPARATIVE POLITICS

This course is designed to introduce students to the study of comparative politics. The first two weeks of the course will familiarize students with the type of questions that comparative political scientists tackle and the methodological tools that they employ. This week will also concentrate on issues such as concept formation and theory development. The rest of the course will be structured around key research areas in the field of comparative politics such as state formation, nationalism, constitutional structure of states, origins and persistence of political regimes, emergence of political parties and voting, religion and politics, political culture, and political violence.

DHP P203: ANALYTIC FRAMEWORKS FOR INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC POLICY DECISIONS

Introduction to the basic tools of policy analysis and decision-making, providing students with analytic skills to make policy decisions in many types of organizations. The course includes an introduction to public policy objectives, decision-making, and the role of analysis. Students then learn powerful analytic decision-making techniques, including decision trees, Bayes theorem, utility theory, prospect theory, game theory, benefit-cost analysis, and tipping models. Case studies are used to learn the policy analysis tools while applying them to real world policy problems. Cases come from developed and developing countries, and cover many different policy fields. No background in economics or statistics is required.

DHP P204: WOMEN IN NATIONAL SECURITY

This seminar examines key issues in national security and global affairs through the lens of gender, placing a specific emphasis on the role of women in peace, war, intelligence, and governance. After grounding gender analysis in international relations theory, the seminar proceeds with three sections. The first section focuses on women in governance. In this section, we focus on women leaders, including those who have served as heads of state (including during times of war), as well as in parliaments around the world. What are some of the stereotypes of women leaders and the challenges they confront in rising to the top? Do women differ from men in such leadership positions? Would state interactions be more peaceful and our lives more secure if women ran the world? The seminar then moves from women in governance to the second broad section: women in warfare. In this section, two characterizations rise to the forefront: women as victims during conflict, including from displacement, sexual violence, and the disruption of everyday life, and then women as combatants during conflict, including in the armed forces, resistance movements, and terrorist organizations. The final section of the seminar examines a range of select topics related to Women and National Security. We explore women as builders of peace through peace accords and post-conflict reconstruction; the experiences of women serving in the Intelligence Services; the day-to-day practical realities confronting women with careers in global affairs; and how men can serve as agents of change for equality. Enrollment limited to 20 students.

DHP P205: NATIONAL SECURITY DECISION-MAKING: THEORY & PRACTICE

This course examines national security decision-making from both a theoretical perspective and from its execution in practice. The seminar focuses on how national security decisions are made rather than on the theories of international relations or the substantive content of national security policies. It is divided into three sections. The first part of the seminar—drawn, in part, from the instructor’s nearly six years on the National Security Council (NSC) staff—introduces the student to the current structures, processes, and primary actors involved in national security decisions. The second section then delves into analytic and theoretical models of decision-making, cognitive biases, and how decision-makers use intelligence and lessons from history in their decisions. Finally, the seminar concludes with discussions on practical application and execution, has students participate in a crisis simulation, and explores possible reforms. Emphasis throughout the seminar is placed on the national security decision-making system of the United States (and particularly on the Executive Branch), but seminar participants also are encouraged to examine and discuss the systems and actors of other states as well.

DHP P207: GIS FOR INTERNATIONAL APPLICATIONS

This course introduces students to the use of geospatial technologies, data, and analysis focusing on applications in the international context. The course gives primary emphasis to the use of geographic information systems (GIS) for data creation, mapping, and analysis. It will also cover the use of global positioning systems (GPS) for field data collection and mapping; cartography for high quality visualization; and the use of map mash-ups and crowd sourcing in the international arena. Final projects are large-format poster info-graphics. More detailed course information is available at:https://wikis.uit.tufts.edu/confluence/display/GISINT/Home. Enrollment limited to 26 student

DHP P210: RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY

This course covers the basics of research design and methods in political science. The first part of the course is devoted to developing a research question, constructing testable theories, understanding the advantages of quantitative and qualitative methods, and concept formation. The second part of the course focuses on specific research methods (historical analysis, statistical methods, field research, archival research, and experiments) and their relative strengths and weaknesses. The final section of the course addresses the ways in which scholars combine different methods to study political phenomena. Open to PhD students only or with permission of instructor.

DHP P213: RELIGION AND POLITICS

This course is designed to introduce the students to the study of the relationship between religion and politics. The course will be structured around key research areas in the field such as the conditions under which societies or the institutions that govern them become secularized, the emergence and persistence of the religious-secular divide as a salient political cleavage, the relationship between regime type and religion, the potential implications of religious doctrines for public policy and economic outcomes, the causes of religious violence, as well as the historical and contemporary role of religion in the international sphere.

DHP P214: GENDER THEORY AND PRAXIS

This course provides a foundation in key theories and frameworks for understanding gender issues across disciplines. Drawing on key texts from the fields of anthropology, philosophy, post-colonial theory, women’s and gender studies, feminist theory, international relations, development economics, environmental studies and beyond, students will explore the role of gender and gender relations across the spheres of social, cultural, political, economic and religious life. The course syllabus seeks to capture the diversity of identities and viewpoints that are reflected in theoretical conversations about gender. While many of these debates are commonly discussed with reference to international studies, this course will also wade into the realm of the domestic, exploring how gender theories manifest in reproduction, labor, and peacetime relationships. Discussions will draw out intersectional themes and invite students to reflect on how to apply these theories and approaches to issues of race, social class, and other dimensions of identity and privilege.

DHP P217: GLOBAL POLITICAL ECONOMY

What determines the direction, magnitude, governance, and fluctuation of international economic exchange? This course surveys the theories and issue areas of the global political economy, both in the current day and in the past. Different analytical models are presented to explain the variations in economic exchange over time. The issue areas that will be examined include: world trade, monetary orders, global finance, and foreign investment. Current topics that will be covered include: the effects of the 2007-2008 financial crisis, the rise of the BRIC economies, the future of the dollar, and the future of global economic governance.

DHP P219: POLITICAL ECONOMY OF DEVELOPMENT

This class offers a survey of some of the key debates and issues in the political economy of development. First, we examine alternative approaches to development and how they have informed policies in developing countries since the 1950s. Second, we compare different patterns of interaction among the state, political parties, interest groups, and civil society and examine how they have affected development outcomes. Third, we address current topics such as the rise of China and India, new approaches to poverty alleviation, and the impact of global financial crises on developing countries.

DHP P220: UNDERSTANDING MASS ATROCITIES

The study and development of policy related to “genocide” and mass atrocities are highly contested in terms of the universe of cases, key definitions, and thresholds of violence that should trigger action. This course provides an overview of the debates by introducing the key concepts, contexts and policies related to mass atrocities. Beginning with the introduction of the term “genocide,” we will explore a range of terminologies and frameworks for defining and explaining mass violence against civilians.

DHP P221: MEMORY POLITICS: TRUTH, JUSTICE, AND REDRESS

In this course we analyze the relationship between memory and social reconciliation, and the role that theories of truth, justice and redress play in this equation. We begin with WWII, or more precisely its aftermath and the emergence of a series of conventions and covenants establishing human rights as a set of international laws, institutions, and norms. We trace the expansion of, and challenges to, the regime of human rights and international law by focusing on case studies that allow us to analyze war crimes tribunals, truth commissions, the burgeoning field of transitional justice, and local level forms of assessing guilt and administering justice. Our case studies this year include Rwanda, South Africa, Colombia, Guatemala, and Peru.

DHP P222: DEVELOPMENT AID IN PRACTICE

This course provides an overview of the operational and professional world of development. It covers choices, key concepts, and the main tools in the practice of development. There will be a focus on management and leadership challenges that development professionals face, both from the policy and practitioner perspective. Students will not learn technical knowledge in education, health, infrastructure, etc., but they will learn about cross- cutting issues that appear in all fields of development cooperation.

DHP P224: CULTURAL CAPITAL AND DEVELOPMENT

The influence of cultural values, beliefs, and attitudes on the evolution of societies has been shunned by scholars, politicians, and development experts. It is much more common for the experts to cite geographic constraints, insufficient resources, bad policies, or weak institutions. But by avoiding values and culture, they ignore an important part of the explanation why some societies or ethno-religious groups do better than others with respect to democratic governance, social justice, and prosperity. They also ignore the possibility that progress can be accelerated by (1) analyzing cultural strengths and weaknesses, and (2) addressing cultural change as a purposive policy to apply through families, schools, churches, media, leadership, and/or the law.

DHP P225M: DESIGN AND MONITORING OF PEACEBUILDING AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMING

The course explores core components of the program cycle, beginning with peacebuilding theories that underpin program design and ending with the development of high-quality indicators for monitoring. The core concepts of design and monitoring will be applied primarily to international development and peacebuilding programming. This practical course is intended for students who wish to obtain a strong skill set in Design, Monitoring, and Evaluation (DME) and work in peacebuilding or international development. Enrollment limited to 70 students. One-half credit.

DHP P226M: EVALUATION OF PEACEBUILDING AND DEVELOPMENT FOR PRACTITIONERS AND DONORS

The course provides an in-depth, practical preparation for those seeking to be practitioners or donors in the final stage of the program cycle; evaluation. The core concepts will be applied primarily to international development and peacebuilding programming. This practical course should be taken by any student wishing to work in the development or peacebuilding field. Open to students who have completed P225m. Note: P226m is a prerequisite for P228m. Enrollment limited to 70 students. One-half credit.

DHP P228M: ADVANCED EVALUATION AND LEARNING IN INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

This advanced module is key for students who wish to develop the full-package of skills and concepts expected of professionals working in development and peacebuilding. At the end of this class, students will have a working knowledge of the key evaluation designs, approaches and tools; the ability to evaluate existing evaluations for adequacy of the design and quality; a clear picture of the link between evaluation and learning; and an overview of the latest strategies and challenges in creating learning organizations. Enrollment limited to 35 students. One-half credit.

DHP P231: INTERNATIONAL COMMUNICATION

The course covers international communication from three perspectives: its governance, its many- dimensional relationship with governments, and policy issues. Students explore different theories and examples of how different types of communication content and technology interact with sovereignty, politics, security, international relations, culture, and development. The course provides the foundations of this field with a structural approach. Topics covered include freedom of speech, global media and international journalism, public diplomacy, propaganda, media in democracies and totalitarian states, media influence on foreign policy, digital divide, intellectual property, privacy, convergence, security, media and political conflict and economic development.

DHP P234: THE ARTS OF COMMUNICATION

Today’s leaders must have the ability not only to analyze thoughtfully but also to communicate clearly and persuasively. This full semester course is intended to turn you into a significantly more persuasive and effective public speaker—someone who speaks with the ease, confidence, clarity, and modes of persuasion that are critical in today’s corporate, nonprofit, policy, and diplomacy worlds. We will cover a range of speaking scenarios, from podium speeches on values to simulations of a press conference or media interview on camera. The course is intended to help you develop your own personal style by deepening your understanding of the persuasive tools, recommendations, refutations, modes of analysis, and variations in audiences that motivate listeners to turn business, policy and diplomacy ideas into action. The full semester course will take a deeper and wider dive into the world of public speaking relative to the module course, and include sessions on debating, ceremonial speeches, as well as more detailed sessions on facing the camera and press, impromptu speaking, and elevator pitching. Approximately one-half of the course will be devoted to classes that introduce students to strategies of spoken communication and to models of public presentation. The other half will consist of speech delivery sessions in which students will hone their skills in public speaking. Enrollment limited to 30 students.

DHP P234M: THE ARTS OF COMMUNICATION

Today’s leaders must have the ability not only to analyze thoughtfully but also to communicate clearly and persuasively. This course is intended to turn you into a more persuasive and effective public speaker— someone who speaks with the ease, confidence, clarity, and modes of persuasion that are critical in today’s corporate, nonprofit, policy, and diplomacy worlds. We will cover a range of speaking scenarios, from podium speeches on values to simulations of a press conference or media interview on camera. The course is intended to help you develop your own personal style by deepening your understanding of the persuasive tools, recommendations, refutations, modes of analysis, and variations in audiences that motivate listeners to turn business, policy and diplomacy ideas into action. Approximately one-half of the course will be devoted to classes that introduce students to strategies of spoken communication and to models of public presentation, including utilizing new media. The other half will consist of speech delivery sessions in which students will hone their skills in public speaking. Enrollment limited to 30 students. One-half credit.

DHP P240: THE ROLE OF FORCE IN INTERNATIONAL POLITICS

This core International Security Studies course presents an examination of the role of force as an instrument of statecraft. Topics covered include: 1) military power and the role of force in contemporary world politics; 2) the causes of war and the moral/ethical constraints on armed violence; 3) instruments and purposes of coercion force: military power and strategic non-violent action; 4) national security policy formation and process; 5) the modes and strategies of military power (nuclear, conventional, internal conflict); 6) the structure of the post-Cold War and post-9/11 international security environment.

DHP P244: MODERN TERRORISM AND COUNTERTERRORISM

This course examines the nature of terrorism; the spectrum of terrorist motivations, strategies, and operations; the socio-political, economic and other factors that can enable terrorist group activities; the unique threat of WMD terrorism; and the internal vulnerabilities of terrorist organizations. Students will examine current and classic research on terrorism, and explore many of the puzzles that remain unanswered. Finally, the course will analyze these critical issues within the context of policies and strategies for responding to the threat of terrorism with increasing sophistication and success.

DHP P245: CRISIS MANAGEMENT AND COMPLEX EMERGENCIES

Consideration of crisis management in theory and practice, drawing from recent and earlier crises;theories of crisis prevention, deterrence; escalation, de-escalation, termination, and post crisis management; decision making; bargaining and negotiation; the role of third-parties; the National Security Act of 1947 and decisional approaches in successive U.S. administrations. Emphasis on theoretical literature, as well as the perspective of actual participants in recent crises and utilization of case studies, including cyber crises. The seminar also includes a major weekend crisis simulation exercise, SIMULEX, with outside participants from the official policy community.

DHP P247: CIVIL-MILITARY RELATIONS

Although recent conflict environments entered a grey area that is neither war nor peace, the complexity of civil-military relations is not new. In the last two decades, kinetic activity, wider peacekeeping, peace building and state building have been pursued simultaneously. Cyber attacks and targeted killing outside war zones add to the “grey area.” This seminar will analyze how international interveners, both civil and military, deal with such complex environments. Approaches will include themes, such as lack of coordination and planning; negotiation at HQ and in the field among civilian agencies, NGOs, and the military. We will examine cases and themes, as well as theory. Prior to taking this course, students should have taken a course in security studies, negotiation, or international law.

DHP P248M: VARIETIES OF CORRUPTION

The goal of this course is to introduce students to the study of corruption in the global political economy. Corruption is a political phenomenon that affects both the quality of governing institutions and the functioning of economic markets. For this reason, scholars and policy practitioners place considerable attention on, first, conceptualizing and identifying the phenomenon and, then, explaining its causes and consequences. Ultimately this research is aimed at formulating practical methods for reducing corruption’s prevalence and harm. The course is organized into three main sections. The first part of the course introduces the topic of corruption and its relevance to international affairs, economic development and comparative politics. The second part of the course explores corruption through the lenses of four distinct theoretical frameworks: economic, rational-legal, institutional and cultural. Here students will be introduced briefly to the methodological toolkits of these varying approaches and critically assess their relative merits. The final component of the course consists of special issue areas in corruption.

DHP P249: INTERNATIONAL CYBER CONFLICT

One of the most consequential national security and economic challenges confronting policymakers today is cyber space and the threats that emanate from it. As a domain and instrument of competition and conflict, cyber space enables a range of global actors—including dissidents, terrorist organizations, and states with varying levels of offensive and defensive cyber capabilities—to assert influence, project power, and conduct activities in the increasingly ambiguous gray areas between war and peace. Designed as an introductory course for the national security generalist, this seminar will explore the role of power and conflict in cyber space; examine the various activities that occur in cyber space, including espionage, subversion, sabotage, and the potential for cyber warfare; explore the vulnerability of critical infrastructure and the role of the private sector; and discuss the policies, strategies, and governance structures of key actors that operate within the cyber domain. Underscoring topics throughout the course will be discussions on the role of risk and how policymakers assess threats and adapt to risk in the cyber domain. Prerequisite: Students are required to have completed P240.

DHP P250: ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEM SOLVING

The foundation of this course is exposure to a portfolio of (primarily) quantitative analytical techniques for assessing environmental dimensions of economic activities, policies, and technologies. The goal is for students to become informed, capable environmental analysts and discerning consumers of environmental research and analysis. The course focuses on four applied environmental problems. Each case introduces an analytic skill and situates it in its political, regulatory and/or economic context. P250 requires completion or co-enrollment in either B205: Data Analysis and Statistical Methods or E213: Econometrics.

DHP P251: Energy Entrepreneurship & Finance

Driven by environmental factors, technology and market conditions, opportunities abound in areas related to conventional and new energy, which is represented by renewables and new technologies. This course examines the role that entrepreneurship, policy and financing taken together play in driving change that impacts traditional energy sources and results new energy opportunities. Energy entrepreneurship and financing together will support and create new infrastructure and require new energy paradigms on both the supply and demand side. The class will meld policy, strategy, finance and entrepreneurship in order to build a coherent framework for integrating conventional and new energy with a focus on both business and the environment. DHP P254 is recommended but not required.

DHP P252M: HEALTH, HUMAN SECURITY AND EMERGING PATHOGENS

With increasing globalization of trade, travel and terrorism, public and individual human health have become topics of global concern, involving sovereign nations, international organizations and the scientific community. Threats from emerging infectious diseases outbreaks exemplify this trend. In contrast to the traditional idea of national security, the field of human security focuses on the individual, rather than state, as the nexus of analysis and takes a multidisciplinary approach through which to analyze the challenges related to community, national and global response to emerging infectious diseases epidemics. This course will start by examining human security literature and practice as it applies to infectious diseases threats. It will examine factors leading to increasing frequency of outbreaks due to novel pathogens, such as climate change and environmental degradation, and the concept of One Health. It will then look at the intersection between scientific research and related ethical issues, disease surveillance and global biosecurity issues. Further, the course will examine the historical basis for International Health Regulations and other frameworks for modern global health governance as they apply to outbreaks. Lastly, the class will utilize case studies to examine how outbreak preparedness and response have been managed during recent epidemics such as SARS, H1N1, MERS, Ebola and Zika. This course is meant to foster interdisciplinary perspectives by bringing together practitioners from international law, human development, public health and clinical care.

DHP P253: SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT DIPLOMACY

Sustainable development diplomacy course examines how to integrate economic, environmental and social equity goals in foreign policy-making. It discusses the emergence of sustainable development as a concept and international institutions and negotiation processes that facilitate its implementation. Focusing on climate, water and forest diplomacy, we address a range of themes including UN climate negotiations, climate finance, environmental refugees, public-private cooperation, and water governance. The course also analyzes China and BRICS-led approaches to sustainable development and their new banks. It offers insights from practice, trainings in mutual gains negotiations and complex UN multiparty negotiations. Students develop expertise in policy analysis and planning, strategic thinking and feedback management.

DHP P254: CLIMATE CHANGE AND CLEAN ENERGY POLICY

This course examines how governments respond to the challenges posed by the complex problem ofglobal climate change and how clean energy policies can help countries achieve multiple goals. The latest science, technological developments, economic assessments of costs and opportunities, the role of the media, domestic and international politics, and innovation are all discussed. Policy instruments for climate mitigation, adaptation, and a clean energy economy are introduced and thoroughly analyzed in a comparative way across most of the major-energy consuming countries. In-class exercises including an international negotiation simulation illuminate course themes. The course introduces and strengthens multidisciplinary policy analysis skills.

DHP P256: INNOVATION FOR SUSTAINABLE PROSPERITY

Innovation is the main source of economic growth and improvements in productivity, is a key lever for catalyzing development, reducing environmental harm, improving human health and well-being, and enhances national security. This seminar explores the nature of technology, theories and “stylized facts” about innovation processes, and how to think about innovation systems. A major focus is policy for innovation. Topics include national innovation systems, management of risks, global change, actors and institutions, social innovation, private vs. public, education, cross-country comparisons, competitiveness, technology transfer and diffusion, learning and “catch-up”, IPR’s, and leapfrogging. Case studies are used to understand each topic.

DHP P257: CORPORATE MANAGEMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES

Explores companies’ responses to pressure from stockholders, regulatory agencies, community and non-governmental organizations to exercise greater responsibility toward the environment and an increasing spectrum of social issues. Topics included strategy, staffing and organization, decision making, codes of conduct, resources, program development, product responsibility, corporate environmental policies, pollution prevention, trade associations, accident response, response to laws and regulations, corporate social responsibility, international issues, and foreign operations. Note: This course is cross- listed (UEP 265) with the School of Arts and Sciences - Department of Urban and Environmental Policy and Planning.

DHP P259: SCIENCE DIPLOMACY: ENVIRONMENTAL SECURITY IN THE ARCTIC OCEAN

This course will address “science diplomacy” as an emerging interdisciplinary field with global relevance to promote cooperation and prevent conflict among nations. The Arctic Ocean will be used as a case- study where science-policy interactions are being used to balance national interests and common interests with regard to sustainable infrastructure development. More specifically, lessons of science diplomacy will be illustrated in the context of environmental security as an integrated approach for assessing and responding to the risks as well as the opportunities generated by an environmental state-change. Overall, objective of this course is to consider scientific contributions to sustainable, stable and peaceful development in our world with a long- term view toward balancing economic prosperity, environmental protection, social equity and public welfare – considering the urgencies of today and the needs of future generations.

DHP P260: ISLAM AND THE WEST

Going beyond the simplistic notion of a great civilization divide, this course puts the categories ‘Islam’ and ‘the West’ under the spotlight of historical and comparative analysis. After providing some essential background, the course concentrates on the colonial and postcolonial encounter between Muslim and Western societies and polities with special, but not exclusive reference to the South Asian subcontinent. Organized along historical and thematic lines, the course focuses on the overlapping domains of culture and politics, thought and practice, to elucidate aspects of dialogue, tension, and confrontation between the worlds of Islam and the West.

DHP P261: DEMOCRATIZATION IN THE MIDDLE EAST: THEORY AND PRACTICE

How do countries build democratic regimes? What is democratization? What is democracy? These are the core questions explored in this course. Using literatures drawn from international relations and comparative politics, the course focuses on democratization in the Middle East, using intensive case studies of Egypt, Israel, Palestine, Syria, and Turkey, in order to illustrate broader regional patterns. History and geopolitics are emphasized as prominent causal factors and constraints in the region's pathways of democratization. A short review of democracy and democratization literatures introduces the definitional differences (democratic, authoritarian, hybrid) and defining features in regime types, before we move to consider the importance of leadership and institutional factors in sustainable democratization. Invited guest speakers on select cases provide students with access to experts with on-the-ground experience and real-time data.

DHP P263: ISLAM AND POLITICS: RELIGION AND POWER IN WORLD AFFAIRS

Islamic ideas and actors play an important part in global politics today. Their impact on political change, international security, and economic and social trends has shaped international relations in recent years. This course will trace the historical evolution of political Islam from both an international relations and a comparative politics perspective. A particular focus will be on the diversity of political Islam and on the religious factor in the “Arab Spring.” The course will also look at the role of other religions in contemporary politics.

DHP P264: GEOPOLITICS OF ENERGY IN EURASIA

An historical survey of the Turks designed to emphasize the geopolitical importance of the Eurasian steppe. Topics examined are: formation of Eurasian steppe empires; the era of Turko-Mongol invasions; decline of classical Islamic civilization; conversion of the Turks to Islam; the rise of Turko-Muslim empires; decline of Byzantium and the conquests of the Ottoman empire; expansion of Russia and the absorption of Turko-Muslims; modernization movements among the Turks; the emergence of modern Turkey; Soviets and Central Asian society; the collapse of the USSR and the emergence of modern nationalism in Central Asia; China and the New ‘Great Game.’

DHP P266M: THE ISLAMIC WORLD: POLITICAL ECONOMY AND BUSINESS CONTEXT

This course aims to explain those aspects of the Islamic world—history, politics, economics, society, legal systems, business practices—that are necessary to conduct business or political negotiations in a number of countries. The course will discuss issues of political economy and business of the Islamic world, with a special focus on Islamic networks, business culture, oil, and issues of globalization and governance. Case studies will focus on specific companies and institutions. From a geographic standpoint, the course will focus primarily on Middle Eastern and Persian Gulf countries, although it will also include countries such as Malaysia and Pakistan. For MIB students, this course is one of the regional course options. One- half credit.

DHP P273: THE STRATEGIC DIMENSIONS OF CHINA’S RISE

This course is built around two key questions surrounding China’s rise: How will China rise? Where will this rise take China? To address these two deceptively simple questions, this course relies on the concept of strategy. In the broadest sense, strategy is the relationship between ends and means. For the purposes of this course, strategy is understood as the nexus between a nation’s long-term goals and the various implements of national power—diplomatic, economic, military, and cultural tools—to achieve those objectives. To sharpen the analytical focus, this course focuses primarily on the “hard” dimensions of China’s national power, which encompasses such material factors as geography, resources, economic size, and military power.

DHP P274: THE POLITICS OF THE KOREAN PENINSULA: FOREIGN AND INTER-KOREAN RELATIONS

An examination of Korea’s modern “evolution” as a state and society. Emphasis on Korea’s modern political history, from the origins and theory of statecraft in traditional Korea to the major geopolitical issues of the present day. Topics include Korea’s relations with the great powers of the North Pacific and the primacy of international relations in the Korean world: from imperialism and Japanese colonialism, partition of the Korean peninsula and the establishment of two separate Koreas, Cold War politics and the Korean War, economic development and political freedom, to inter-Korean relations.

DHP P275: NORTH KOREAN STATE AND SOCIETY

North Korea is the world world’s last major hermit society. Since the division of the Korean peninsula in 1945, South Korea has developed into one of the largest trading nations in the world with a vibrant democratic polity, while North Korea has descended into a perpetually aid-dependent state that maintains domestic control through the deification of the ruling family and operation of extensive political prisoner concentration camps. What does the future hold for North Korea? Emphasis on the Kim family continuum, strategy of brinkmanship, human rights, nuclear politics, and the implications of regime preservation or collapse.

DHP P280: EURASIA: GEOPOLITICS, RELIGION, AND SECURITY

This course explores the intersection of geography, religion, and security in the transregional, transcontinental space of Eurasia, a playing field where Western (mainly defined in terms of NATO and the EU) and Eastern (primarily understood in terms of Russia and its near abroad) are perceived to collide in a zero-sum game. We begin with an introduction to the rediscovery of the tradition of geopolitics as field in IR theory, and we explore the centrality of Eurasia to geopolitical arguments about global hegemony. The course considers the importance of key states and alliances especially, the Transatlantic Alliance, Russia, Turkey, Iran, and Saudi Arabia for control over Eurasia; the importance of technological change for mechanisms of control over land and maritime chokepoints; and the importance of material versus ideational factors in geopolitical contestation in Eurasia. We consider the salience of religion in shaping ideas about Europe versus Asia, as well as in historical and contemporary notions of security threats in Eurasia. The course uses critical case studies (religious, radical, and black market networks; Syria as a fragile state; and Ukraine as a border conflict), as well as guest speakers with expertise on geopolitics, religion, and security in Eurasi

DHP P287M: POLITICAL ECONOMY AND BUSINESS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION

Has the European Union (EU) delivered on its promise of a fully integrated economic and political union? How has Europe grown from its modest beginning with the European Coal and Steel Community established in 1951 with only six countries to the European Union, which today encompasses 27 countries? Is the Euro crisis undermining the future of the European Union or will it usher the EU in a fiscal union, which by necessity requires a closer political union? How does this multi- faceted integrative process shape the European business environment? Through class discussion and case studies managerial implications for firms operating in Europe are assessed at the provincial, national, and EU level. No prerequisite. Offered in English (01) and French (02) language sections. For MIB students, this course is one of the regional options. One-half credit.

DHP P293: DEMOCRACY AND STATE REFORM IN LATIN AMERICA

This seminar examines how democratization and market reform have interacted to reshape the state and society in Latin America. The first part of the course provides an historical overview of these processes in ten Latin American countries: Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Chile, Peru, Venezuela, Colombia, El Salvador, Bolivia, and Ecuador. The second part of the course addresses the region’s ongoing struggles to deepen democracy in the areas of participation, citizenship, public security, accountability, decentralization, social policy, and civil rights.

DHP P294M: POLITICAL ECONOMY AND BUSINESS CONTEXT OF LATIN AMERICA

Examination of the economic and business environment of Latin America and the policies that shape it. Consists of interrelated institutional and structural topics such as financial systems, labor markets, social security regimes, inequality and poverty, foreign direct investment, regional economic integration, privatization, infrastructure, industrial policy, and fiscal federalism, with the controversial role of the state at issue throughout. Analysis often relies on notions of welfare economics, expounded concisely at the outset. Prior command of microeconomics very helpful, but not required. For MIB students, this course is one of the regional options. Complements macro-oriented E250. One-half credit.

DHP P296: DEMOCRACY AND AUTHORITARIANISM IN COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE

Over the course of human history, most political regimes have been authoritarian. In this seminar, we will begin with the classic reading on authoritarianism (including totalitarian and military regimes) but quickly shift our focus to contemporary regimes that have been variously described as “hybrid,” “competitive authoritarian,” or “partially democratic.” Specific topics include authoritarian institutions, elections in non- democracies, political violence, and the political economy of authoritarian states. Finally, since it is impossible to study authoritarianism in isolation from the vast literature on democratization, we will also consider several prominent theories in this tradition.Prior coursework in democratization is helpful, but it is not a prerequisite for this course.

DHP P297: ENGAGING HUMAN SECURITY

This course will enable students to gain a firm understanding of the central issues and debates in human security, and also obtain a deeper understanding of various aspects of the predicaments facing the people of Sudan and South Sudan, and those mandated to solve their problems. The course is inter-disciplinary and problem focused. It takes five central fields which human security has drawn from and influenced–human rights, humanitarian studies, feminist and gender studies, mediation and conflict resolution, and development–and uses foundational theories and applications in those fields to create a human security lens to better understand and address current problems in Sudan and South Sudan. Prerequisite: Two courses within the Human Security field of study.

DHP P298: CONFLICT IN AFRICA

During this course, students should gain a deeper understanding of the nature of contemporary violent conflict in Africa. Students will be expected to master the key theoretical approaches to violence in Africa, and to become familiar with a number of important case studies. The focus is on the origins and nature of violence, rather than policy responses and solutions. The course is inter-disciplinary and involves readings in political science, international relations, and social anthropology, while also touching on economics, environmental studies, and history.

DHP PXXX: NUCLEAR DOSSIERS: U.S. PRIORITIES, DILEMMAS AND CHALLENGES IN A TIME OF NUCLEAR DISORDER

DHP 300-399: INDEPENDENT STUDY

Directed reading and research for credit, providing an opportunity for qualified students to pursue the study of particular problems within the discipline of Diplomacy, History, and Politics under the personal guidance of a member of faculty. The course may be assigned to a Field of Study according to the topic selected. By consent of the professor and petition.

DHP 400: READING AND RESEARCH

Noncredit directed reading and research in preparation for PhD comprehensive examination or dissertation research and writing on the subjects within this division. By consent of the professor.

IR CPT: CURRICULAR PRACTICAL TRAINING

Summer study and Internship for Fletcher MALD and MIB students who do not hold U.S. work authorization and who choose to engage in off-campus work or internship experiences in the United States. Experiential learning and application of academic experiences are standard components of a two-year master’s level international affairs program. Requirements include successful completion of the Professional Development Program, mandatory attendance at two lectures, the internship and a presentation and Executive Summary at the conclusion of the internship. PhD students in the dissertation phase of their program will be eligible for up to 11 months of curricular practical training provided that they enroll in a .25 credit independent study under the supervision of their dissertation director. The course will be graded and based on a paper submitted by the student based on their internship experiences and the relationship to their PhD research. Students are eligible one time only during their degree program. Available only for F-1 visa holders. Please consult with the Registrar’s Office for more information.